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Clifton Sport Psychology Sport Psychology in GAA How to Mentally Prepare Athletes For Gaelic Games.

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Presentation on theme: "Clifton Sport Psychology Sport Psychology in GAA How to Mentally Prepare Athletes For Gaelic Games."— Presentation transcript:

1 Clifton Sport Psychology Sport Psychology in GAA How to Mentally Prepare Athletes For Gaelic Games

2 Clifton Sport Psychology The mind is the athlete. The body is simply the means it uses to run faster or longer, jump higher, shoot straighter, kick better, swim harder, hit further, or box better. Bryce Courtney, The Power of One, 1992

3 Clifton Sport Psychology Learning Outcomes To identify key areas of sport psychology To apply these areas to Gaelic Games To empower GAA coaches with knowledge

4 Clifton Sport Psychology Objectives To explain the key theories and principles of sport psychology and how they lead to improved athletic performance To apply these principles to Gaelic Games To give appropriate examples in order to empower coaches to use these principles with their athletes

5 Clifton Sport Psychology Key Mental Areas Motivation Anxiety Team Cohesion

6 Clifton Sport Psychology Motivation Motivation is a desire to achieve a goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal. As coaches you firstly be motivated Impossible to motivate others if you cant motivate yourself

7 Clifton Sport Psychology Activity A quick check of your Motivation Ask the coach beside you Why Did You Play Sports? Why Do You Coach?

8 Clifton Sport Psychology Remember Always remember….Players come to coaches already highly motivated Therefore… Its your job to maintain your players natural motivation to play the sport Like me tonight!!!!!

9 Clifton Sport Psychology How do we do it Goal SettingCommunicate FeedbackMusic New & Exciting TrainingGive Players Responsibility Have Players of Week/ Man of Matches Know your players

10 GOAL SETTING What to measure -performance profiling When we set them-performance goals not outcome goals challenging goals not easy ones realistic goals specific goals short term not long term goals goals assist performance attitude and motivation.feedback on progress is important players must accept goals

11 Clifton Sport Psychology Performance Profiling With your players or fellow coaches list the important attributes of the game. Give the profile to the players Player rates where you feel you are (at this moment) on each attribute (1=not at all like me & 10= could not get any better).

12 Clifton Sport Psychology FEEDBACK The primary function of a coach is to somehow alter existing sporting behavior - could be a technique, tactics, skills or behaviour As coaches, you must make a conscious decision as to whether we will use a POSITIVE or NEGATIVE approach when you attempt to make these changes

13 Clifton Sport Psychology Using a Negative Approach (shouting, fear, negative feedback) to Change Behaviour Advantage It often works -- can eliminate undesirable behaviour. But only in the short run and only when we are present and only when were willingly to punish with exercise!! Disadvantages Can be very unpleasant -- reduce enjoyment and MOTIVATION (may increase likelihood of athletes quitting the team) Increases ANXIETY (and error rate) Produces fear of failure

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15 Anxiety Anxiety is a natural reaction to threats in the environment and part of the preparation for the fight or flight response. It happens in Sport because: It can be a threat posed towards ones ego/self esteem Demands of training or competition exceed ones perceived ability It can be physically exhausting It places you against superior opponents Hostile fans might verbally abuse you the Elements may need to be overcome Your emotional frailties are constantly laid bare for all to see

16 Clifton Sport Psychology Anxiety

17 Walking from the locker-room to the ring is the scariest feeling I ever had in my life…It's like I have butterflies, my heart is beating, I'm already sweating, my hands are wet, it's just a real scary feeling Gerald McClellan, former WBC super-middleweight champion

18 Recognizing Symptoms of Arousal and State Anxiety Physical (somatic) symptons Profuse sweating, muscular tension, butterflies, dry mouth, blushing, nausea Mental (cognitive) symptoms Confusion, poor concentration, fear, negative images, forgetfulness, indecision, feeling heavy, loss of confidence, negative self-talk Behavioural symptoms Biting fingernails, inhibited posture, lethargic movements, going through the motions, playing safe, introversion, consistently better performance in non- evaluative situations Physical (somatic) symptons Profuse sweating, muscular tension, butterflies, dry mouth, blushing, nausea Mental (cognitive) symptoms Confusion, poor concentration, fear, negative images, forgetfulness, indecision, feeling heavy, loss of confidence, negative self-talk Behavioural symptoms Biting fingernails, inhibited posture, lethargic movements, going through the motions, playing safe, introversion, consistently better performance in non- evaluative situations

19 Clifton Sport Psychology Techniques to Solve Anxiety Relaxation and Breathing Techniques (see GAA web) Routines Imagery (see GAA web) Self-Talk

20 Clifton Sport Psychology ROUTINES Post Match/ Half Time Team Talks - organised & worthwhile Player routines for games 2-3 hours before-Somatic Announce team days in advance/give players instructions-Cognitive Same warm up all before all games Routines in changing roomsPlayers aware of their job Posters of players-characteristicsCaptain to text players Presentation of jerseys Individuals work on pre-performance rituals

21 Clifton Sport Psychology Self-Talk The collection of thoughts or statements players make to themselves regarding their performance. They can be a very powerful tool effecting performance Athletes usually use them negatively-Inappropriate Negative Coaches should identify if athlete using Self Talk Change to –Appropriate Positive Examples Watch the ball-Concentration Go for it-Fighting Spirit Relax-Alleviate Fear and Choking

22 Clifton Sport Psychology Examples of Negative and Positive Self-Talk NEGATIVEPOSITIVE ALWAYSOFTEN I MUSTI WANT I CANNOTIT MAY BE DIFFICULT I DONT WANT I WILL The key is changing Negative to Positive

23 Clifton Sport Psychology TEAM COHESION Team cohesion is commonly defined as a dynamic process that is reflected in the tendency of a group to remain united in the pursuit of its goals and objectives Q. What qualities, attributes, and characteristics does a team need? Q. Which ones does a successful team that other teams dont?

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34 Thank-you for your time Please take a card I hope you have taken something from tonight And remember to coach a very important lesson NEVER GIVE UP

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