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Formative assessment Peter Scales Lifelong Learning Further and Higher Education

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1 Formative assessment Peter Scales Lifelong Learning Further and Higher Education

2 Why do we assess students? Are we assessing: students? their subject/ discipline learning? wider skills (including employability)?

3 Why do we assess students? 1. Certification of student achievement (normally summative) 2. The accountability of educational institutions (normally summative) 3. The promotion of learning through the provision of formative assessment and feedback (Black and Wiliam 1998)

4 Summative and formative assessment Summative assessment is: used for judgement assessment of learning Formative assessment is: used for improvement assessment for learning

5 …formative assessment and formative feedback should provide positive student learning opportunities, encourage dialogue and discourse between students and teachers, enhance the student learning experience and provide motivation for students Shes plagiarised that from Irons, A. (2008:8)

6 What is formative assessment? Any task or activity which creates feedback (or feedforward) for students about their learning. Formative assessment does not carry a grade which is subsequently used in a summative judgement. Irons, A. (2008:7)

7 … any activity during a module which provides information to students and tutors on their progress. Bloxham, S. and Boyd, P. (2007) What is formative assessment?

8 Formative assessment or Formative activities?

9 Formative assessment, used properly, is such an important part of the teaching and learning process that one could argue that it shouldnt even be called assessment. When we consider teaching and learning methods, many of them – questioning, case studies, projects – are also assessment methods. Scales (2008: 179)

10 Tutorials "The tutorial, whether face-to-face or online, is concerned with the development of the student's powers of thought. "As a regular meeting ground for the checking of student progress, locating misunderstandings in lectures and an opportunity to give special scrutiny to a piece of the students work. Jaques, D. and Salmon, G. (2007)

11 Formative assessment/ activities (1) Tutorials and seminars Case studies Concept mapping Feedback on observed activities (e.g. OSCEs in Health programmes or observation of teaching on Teacher Training programmes)

12 Formative assessment/ activities (1) Using higher-level questions and discussion Critique sessions as used in arts subjects – can they be adapted for use in other subjects? 3 rd or 2 nd year students teach or mentor 2 nd or 1 st year students. Above all – discussing assessment, especially formative assessment, with our students.

13 Teaching Assessment Learning

14 References Black, P. and Wiliam, D. (1998) Assessment in Classroom Learning, Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice 5:1, Bloxham, S. and Boyd, P. (2007) Developing Effective Assessment in Higher Education: a practical guide Maidenhead: Open University Press Irons, A. (2008) Enhancing Learning Through Formative Assessment and Feedback London: Routledge Jaques, D. and Salmon, G. (2007) Learning in groups: a Handbook for face-to-face and online environments Abingdon: Routledge Scales, P (2008) Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector Maidenhead: Open University Press

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