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Oversight and Accountability: Working together to improve care in police custody Sarah Green IPCC Commissioner.

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Presentation on theme: "Oversight and Accountability: Working together to improve care in police custody Sarah Green IPCC Commissioner."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oversight and Accountability: Working together to improve care in police custody Sarah Green IPCC Commissioner

2 IPCC Role Increase public confidence in the police complaints system in England & Wales Set standards for dealing with police complaints & monitor performance Independently investigate the most serious matters Provide a right of appeal in certain cases Ensure lessons learned throughout police service & by others

3 IPCC role in improving care of detainees Conduct or oversee investigations Consider appeals re: complaints in some cases Produce annual statistics on deaths, and research Identify learning, and ensure this is reflected in PACE, police guidance and training Work with others to ensure changes are implemented

4 Where extra care is needed Use of restraint or force prior to & during detention Alcohol and drugs Physical and mental health issues Detention of children Risks of suicide post release from custody

5 Use of force/ restraint Recording use of force/restraint Restraint techniques used during arrest or transportation should be explained by the arresting officer before a risk assessment is completed, and any effects caused by restraint may indicate a need for medical attention Specific issues: Use of tasers within custody – should not be used as pain compliance Emergency Response Belt (ERB) should not be used as a spit/bite hood.

6 Alcohol and drugs Individuals who have consumed alcohol and drugs should be risk assessed on arrival and throughout detention, and unwillingness and inability to participate in risk assessment is a possible warning of risk. Intoxication changed to drunk and incapable Under the influence and risk assessment Cell visits and checks must be completed at appropriate intervals. If a detainee cannot be roused, they should be immediately treated as a medical emergency

7 Physical and mental health issues Police custody should only be used as a place of safety as a last resort Symptoms of serious illness or injury may go unnoticed in individuals who are well known or familiar to police officers

8 Children IPCC submission to All Party Parliamentary Group for Children on Children and the police IPCC response to recent PACE consultation (appropriate adults)

9 Risks relating to type of offence: apparent suicides following police custody: 2012/13 Reason for detention Number of fatalities Sexual offences18 Violence related (non sexual) / threatening behaviour / harassment17 Driving offence, including drink driving8 Detained under the Mental Health Act7 Theft / shoplifting5 Breach of peace / public order / criminal damage4 Drug / alcohol related (exc. drink driving)2 Breach of bail / orders2 Other1 Total fatalities 64

10 Aim of the Review To identify and implement changes to ensure that our work in investigating deaths is: -thorough, transparent and effective -sensitive to the needs and expectations of bereaved families -able to build and sustain public confidence Review of IPCCs work in investigating deaths

11 Emerging Findings Progress Report published September 2013 Main themes: Independence of the IPCC IPCC engagement with bereaved families Effectiveness of IPCC investigations Final report December 2013

12 Independence Feedback IPCC too close to the police and police too involved in our investigations Action Diversifying our work force Strengthening role of Commissioner Clear directions at the scene and will publish our expectations Future Expanded IPCC – ex police will not investigate previous force More internal specialists External experts

13 Engaging with Families Feedback Lack of sensitivity Lack of involvement and information given Action Training to ensure sensitivity and that we meet needs Meeting Commissioner and contact with manager Revised leaflets Provide opportunity to comment on terms of reference, press releases and given meaningful updates Future Work with INQUEST Revise approach to family liaison

14 Effectiveness Feedback IPCC should investigate all deaths If do not, need to consistent, transparent and timely in deciding which cases to investigate Action Any death where there may have been a breach of Art.2 is independently investigated Will publish decision making criteria Pilot central decision making unit

15 Effectiveness Feedback Investigations take too long Quality variable lack robust analysis of evidence and sufficient challenge of police accounts Action Reviewing investigations directorate, recruiting more staff Further training Improve quality assurance

16 Effectiveness Feedback IPCC needs to do more to share good practice, and should enforce recommendations Actions Seeking new powers to require forces to respond to learning recommendations Continue to work with ACPO and College of Policing to ensure national recommendations are reflected in guidance Feed into HMIC/HMIP custody inspections Working with PCCs and custody visitors to ensure recommendations are implemented

17 Learning the Lessons The IPCC publishes a regular bulletin to help the police service learn lessons from investigations and other operations of the police complaints and conduct system. Bulletin 16 covers custody

18 Any questions ?

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