4Discussion Do you agree with Thumper? Is it better to be kind or honest?Can you be both at the same time?
5Give some FeedbackIs my Mustache Awesome?Is this Baby Cute?
6Example Feedback A definite improvement MustacheBabyA definite improvementI’m thinking: off-duty mall-cop…Hello, Magnum P.I.You’re on the right track…the more face you hide the better.What are you feeding that baby?Awww, just look…Future Sumo Wrestler rocking it in the crib!She is so…healthy looking.
8The Last Lecture“When you see yourself doing something badly and nobody's bothering to tell you anymore, that's a very bad place to be. Your critics are the ones telling you they still love you and care.”“Get a feedback loop and listen to it. ... When people give you feedback, cherish it and use it.”Randy Pausch
9Can you be kind and honest at the same time? “It's such a shame that people perceive you as so arrogant. Because it's going to limit what you're going to be able to accomplish in life.”Honest Feedback - Students need people who will give it to them straight.
10What is Feedback?“Feedback is an objective description of a student’s performance intended to guide future performance. Unlike evaluation, which judges performance, feedback is the process of helping our students assess their performance, identify areas where they are right on target and provide them tips on what they can do in the future to improve in areas that need correcting.”~ W. Fred Miser
11Why give Feedback?Along with goal setting, feedback engages metacognitive thinking (cognition about cognition)Enhances Student Learning and Progress“When feedback and corrective procedures are used, most students can attain the same level of achievement as the top 20% of students.”~ Bellon, Bellon & Blank“The most powerful single modification that enhances achievement is feedback. The Simplest prescription for improving education must be dollops of feedback.” ~ John Hattie (1992)
12How to give Feedback?Oral, interactive (one-on-one) feedback is best whenever possibleUse descriptive, not evaluative languageFocus on what went well and what can be improved in language students understandSeek consensus with the student(s) – do you agree on the assessment of this product?Focus on the performance – not the studentFocus on realistic changesProvide a demonstrationGroup/class feedback works when most students missed the same concept.
13Aspects of Effective Feedback HonestValue-neutral/ObjectiveTimelyConstructive/CorrectiveSpecific to a CriterionProduct FocusVerified
14Essential Elements of Feedback Recognition of the Desired GoalEvidence about Present Position (current work)Some Understanding of a Way to Close the Gap Between the Two~ Black & William
15Feedback Timing Bad Good Returning a test or assignment the next day Giving immediate oral responses to questions of factGiving immediate oral responses to student misconceptionsProviding flash cards (which give immediate right/wrong feedback) for studying factsReturning a test or assignment two weeks after it is completedIgnoring errors or misconceptions (thereby implying acceptance)Going over a test or assignment when the unit is over and there is no opportunity to show improvement~ Susan Brookhart
16Amounts of Feedback Good Bad Selecting 2-3 main points about a paper for commentGiving feedback on important learning targetsCommenting on at least as many strengths as weaknessesReturning a student’s paper with every error in mechanics editedWriting comments on a paper that are more voluminous that the paper itselfWriting voluminous comments on poor-quality papers and almost nothing on good-quality papers~ Susan Brookhart
17Help Students Learn to Use Feedback Model giving and using feedback yourself.Teach students self- and peer assessment skills to:Teach students where feedback comes from.Increase students’ interest in feedback because it’s “theirs”.Answer students’ own questions.Develop self-regulation skills, necessary for using any feedback.Be clear about the learning target and the criteria for good work.Use assignments with obvious value and interest.Explain to the student why an assignment is given – what the work is for.Make directions clear.Use clear rubrics.Have students develop their own rubrics or translate yours into “kid-friendly” language.Design lessons that incorporate using the rubrics as students work.Design lessons in which students use feedback on previous work to produce better work.Provide opportunities to redo assignments. (Comparing a rough draft to the rubric/criteria/exemplar.)Give new but similar assignments for the same learning targets.Give opportunities for students to make the connection between the feedback they received and the improvement in their work.~ Susan Brookhart
19Hattie & Timperley’s Feedback Model To reduce discrepancies between current understandings / performance and a desired goalPURPOSEThe Discrepancy Can Be Reduced ByTeachersProviding appropriate challenging and specific goalsORAssisting students to reach them through affective strategiesStudentsIncreased effort and employment of more effective strategiesORAbandoning, blurring or lowering the goalsHattie & Timperley’s Feedback ModelEFFECTIVE FEEDBACK ANSWERS THREE QUESTIONSFeed UpWhere am I going?(The Goals)Feed BackHow am I going?Feed ForwardWhere to next?
20Exemplary Academic Feedback Significantly Above Expectations (5) Oral and written feedback is consistently academically focused, frequent, and high quality. Feedback is frequently given during guided practice and homework review. The teacher circulates to prompt student thinking, assess each student’s progress, and provide individual feedback. Feedback from students is regularly used to monitor and adjust instruction. Teacher engages students in giving specific and high quality feedback to one another.
22SourcesBellon, Jerry, Bellon, Elner, & Blank, Mary Ann. Teaching from a Research Knowledge Base: A Development and Renewal Process Black & William, “Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards through Classroom Assessment” Phi Delta Kappan, October Brookhart, Susan M. How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students. ASCD, Davies, Anne. “Involving Students in the Classroom Assessment Process” Ahead of the Curve: The Power of Assessment to Transform Teaching and Learning. Solution Tree, Marzano, R., Pickering, D., & Pollock, J. (2001). Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Marzano, Robert. What Works in Schools: Translating Research into Action. ASCD, 2003.
23SourcesMiser, W. Fred. “Giving Effective Feedback” Pausch, Randy. (2008). The Last Lecture. Reeves, Douglas. “Challenges and Choices: The Role of Educational Leaders in Effective Assessment.” Ahead of the Curve: The Power of Assessment to Transform Teaching and Learning. Solution Tree, “Synopsis of ‘The Power of Feedback’” by Center on Instruction, [Hattie & Timperley’s research] Wiggins, Grant. Educative Assessment: Designing Assessments to Inform and Improve Student Performance. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc., 1998.