Presentation on theme: "Affects of Anabolic Steroids on the Female Body"— Presentation transcript:
1Affects of Anabolic Steroids on the Female Body Iva Whitman + Ericka Robert1A
2What Glands Do Anabolic Steroids Affect in the Female Body? Hypothalamus-regulating sex/weight/hormonesPituitary-maintaining proper hormone level secretionGonads-effects production of sex cellsThyroid-mainly glucose level/release/absorptionAdrenal-mostly androgen production
3What Hormones Will Be Inhibited and Produced? Increase in testosterone,30x greaterDecrease in sex hormone globulinDecline in estrogen/progesteroneDecrease in follicle stimulating hormonesLack of thyroid proteinsInhibits immunomodulatory & anti viral activity of androgens like DHEAInhibits the production of corticotrophin in blood lymphocytes
4What Effect Do the Effected Hormones Have on the Female Body? Pseudohermanphroditism- in un born children, mothers undergoing use of anabolic steroids while pregnant result with babies containing male & female sex traitsEver changing levels of hormonesImmune system at high risk for infection, can be hospitalized for the common coldIntolerance to insulin with decrease in glucose production
5Cardiovascular disease with change in lipo proteins HypertensionHeart attackStrokeIncrease concentration of clotting factorsCervical cancerInfertilityJaundice’Tendon rupture- rapid hypertrophy in muscles puts extreme strain on ligaments and tendons
6How Do These Hormones Effect Homeostasis Sex hormone secretion completely thrown off in hypothalamus, thyroid, and gonadsTestosterone levels extremely imbalanced resulting in irregular sex characteristicsBlood glucose levels thrown off, glucogen decreased and glucose intolerantMuscle mass development in regular recovery and building stages interrupted
7Feedback Mechanisms and Antagonistic Hormones Negative feedback: before puberty, the hypothalamus suppresses the effects of estrogen by producing less. Positive feedback: during puberty and after, especially during the menstrual cycle, estrogen production increases. Anabolic steroids decrease the production of estrogen and progesterone, stimulating neg. feedback by promoting production of antagonistic hormone testosterone, which regulates muscle growth, facial hair, and how deep your voice is.
8Releasing and Release-Inhibiting Hormones and Glands Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH): neurohormone that initiates the release of reproductive hormones; in women, estrogen and progesterone. These sex steroids are secreted from the gonads (ovaries) when gonadotropin levels increase.Gonadotropin release-inhibiting factor: tries to stop the release of leteinizing hormone (interstitial cell-stimulating hormone that stalls menstruation) or follicle-stimulating hormone.The gland of women is the ovaries.
9If the gland doesn’t function properly? Anabolic steroids cause the ovaries to hyposecrete the hormones estrogen and progesterone, meaning levels of these hormones drop. Instead, the hypersecretion of testosterone increases, and more masculine features take over the feminine features as a result.
10What can be done medically to correct the problems of the gland not functioning properly Stop taking anabolic steroidsTo regain a normal menstrual cycle and restore normal estrogen levels, one may have to just wait, or it may be necessary to use hormones again, like estrogen, progesterone and sometimes thyroid and herbs.