3Grading as feedbackHow are grades a form of feedback?
4Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagreeGrades should reflect achievement of intended learning outcomes.
5Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? The primary audience for messages conveyed in grades are students and parents.strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagree
6Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? Grades should reflect a particular student's individual academic achievement only.strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagree
7Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagreeGrading policies should be set up to support student motivation to learn.
8Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagreeGrades should be based on a student's standing among classmates.
9Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? When students receive "poor grades" for their performance, they are motivated to do better next time.strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagree
10Brookhart's: Which Do You Believe? A grade should reflect the student's achieve-ment, work habits on responsibilities like homework, class participation, and behavior.strongly agreeagreedisagreestrongly disagree
11Assessment is the Bridge Between Teaching and Learning Dylan Wiliam
12Formative Assessment Provides… Teachers with direction for instructionStudents with knowledge to advance toward learning goal
13Reporting Information Growth and Progress InformationChange in achievement of learning goals within subject area over time…used to report progressLearning Skills InformationInformation from observing student behaviors that promote learning (like effort and work habits).Grading InformationInformation from summative classroom assessments used to communicate achievement of intended learning goals against standards
14Dylan Wiliam’s five key strategies for assessing student learning: For each important new concept or assignment, teachers should make the learning expectations clear and share with students the criteria for successfully meeting those expectations. This information should be provided on a daily basis and revisited at the end of each class to evaluate progress toward these goals.Use data from classroom discussions, student answers and learning tasks to revise lessons and activities. Teachers can use various techniques that engage all students in discussion and use revealed evidence of student thinking and understanding as they plan future.
15Dylan Wiliam’s five key strategies for assessing student learning: Provide feedback that clearly and explicitly identifies what needs to be improved in order to move learners forward and promote students’ understanding of concepts. To best meet students’ immediate learning needs, teachers should use this evidence to adapt instruction in real time.Encourage students to serve as instructional and learning resources for one another on a daily basis.Encourage students to take responsibility for their own learning.
16Feedback is the current that flows between the teacher and the learner leading to the desired outcomesTeachingLearningAssessmentfeedback
17Assessment and Feedback http://www. apa Don’t think that feedback itself is enough to make an assessment formative. Although providing feedback is a necessary first step, an assessment only becomes formative when the information fed back to the learner is used by the learner to improve future performance. Therefore only feedback that is potentially useful to the learner is formative. For example, if a teacher says, “That’s very creative,” the student does not know why her product is creative, or how to make future products creative. An exception to this occurs when the teacher has already provided the criteria for what a “creative” response looks like.
18Top Two Study Strategies Practice TestDistributive practice
19Inside the Black Box Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment Paul Black and Dylan Wiliam Feedback to any pupil should be about the particular qualities of his or her work, with advice on what he or she can do to improve, and should avoid comparisons with other pupils.For formative assessment to be productive, pupils should be trained in self-assessment so that they can understand the main purposes of their learning and thereby grasp what they need to do to achieve.
20Making Suggestions Phrase Positively Clear and Specific Congruent Pay-off
24Students Using Feedback Reflecting can improve your performance on your future assessments by helping you identify what you did well and where you can improve.Without reflection, you keep doing things in the same way and never improve.
25Helping Students Reflect on Feedback What are the main points in this feedback?_____________________________________________________________What things attracted positive feedback?What things attracted negative feedback?How can I use this feedback in a future assessment?
26The use of technology can enhance student engagement with feedback The use of technology can enhance student engagement with feedback. Returning feedback online enables students to receive feedback in a legible format, and to engage with it in privacy. Electronic templates aligned with assessment criteria and comment banks enable feedback to be generated in a consistent and equitable way.