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Farming and food systems as social- ecological systems: integrated assessment for resilience and adaptive capacity Journal Club of Life Sciences, Nov.

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Presentation on theme: "Farming and food systems as social- ecological systems: integrated assessment for resilience and adaptive capacity Journal Club of Life Sciences, Nov."— Presentation transcript:

1 Farming and food systems as social- ecological systems: integrated assessment for resilience and adaptive capacity Journal Club of Life Sciences, Nov. 4 th Brian Lassen. Estonian University of Life Sciences

2 Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Beginning with the end Previous cultures reasons for collapsing 1. Deforestation and habitat destruction 2. Soil problems 3. Water management problems 4. Overhunting 5. Overfishing 6. Introduced species effect on native species 7. Human population growth 8. Increased per-capita impact of people New swing door effects for our age Globalization Modern medicine Potent technology Greater knowledge of past societies

3 The Nutshell Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Sociologist - people Ecologist – no people The systems are not separete!

4 Socio-Ecological Systems (SES) (cross-diciplinary research) Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland

5 Models to handle complexity Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland LanguageVariablesWeightTime

6 Panarchy Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Mayan empire Failed crops Return to tribes Stability

7 Panarchy Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Elections Life Cycle Law Herd/Colony Constitution Adaptation/dominant species Party/conditions Law Herd/Colony Stability/advantage

8 Third element - economy Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland

9 SES diagram Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland

10 Integrated Assessment (AI) diagram Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland

11 Example of IA program SEAMLESS (AI of agricultural systems) Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland

12 Interesting concept of adaptablility Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Ressources Living areas Behaviour

13 Student example of project Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Can innovations in agricultural trading systems lead to cost internalisation and improve ecological, social, and economical sustainablity?

14 Student example of project Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Conceptual Model Sustainability? Life Cycle Assesment (Cooperate) Social Responsibility Socio-Economic Labor (database) Income (database) Consumer value (interview, 12 months) Landscape value (interview, 12 months) Consumer action (diary) Ecological Phosphorus (on site) Nitrogen (on site) Biodiversity (on site) Energy use (on site) Soil Organic Matter (on site) Water consumption/pollution (on site) Crop rotation (on site) Variable are assigned thresholds according to sustainable definitions

15 Student example of project Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Social Ecological Economical iPhone Ecological home farming

16 Feedback from NOVA course, June 2010, Tvärminne, Finland Thank you! Previous cultures reasons for collapsing 1. Deforestation and habitat destruction 2. Soil problems 3. Water management problems 4. Overhunting 5. Overfishing 6. Introduced species effect on native species 7. Human population growth 8. Increased per-capita impact of people New swing door effects for our age Globalization Modern medicine Potent technology Greater knowledge of past societies


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