Review 9/27 summary lead assignment Overall continued progress! Overall continued progress! Best to use one-sentence summary lead Best to use one-sentence summary lead Style errors: Style errors: –Datelines –State abbreviations –Addresses Grammar Grammar –Spelling –Run-on sentences –In-complete sentences –Agreement –That/which
Editing marks Lets review editing marks in Stylebook: Lets review editing marks in Stylebook: –page 459
A neighbor of a house on Lawler Avenue reported a fire caused by a smoldering cigarette on a mattress on Friday at 7 p.m., where firefighters had to break into the empty house to extinguish it. Skokie Fire Department was called to a house located on Lawler Avenue because a fire had broken out on Friday night, caused by a cigarette left on a mattress and pillow. A neighbor tipped firefighters to a burning house at Lawler Avenue on Friday where the fire was discovered to be caused by forgotten cigarette left on mattress and pillow with damages estimated at around $50,000.
Winter storm brought snow, hail, torrential rains and left behind icy roads and frigid temperatures in Northern California Thursday morning causing hundreds of fender- bender accidents. Residents look forward to Fridays sunny forecast after a winter storm swept northern California Thursday morning causing icy roads, frigid temperatures, snow, hail, and even torrential rainfall that officials say could lead to dangerous mudslides. Thursdays winter storm in Northern California of snow, ice, hail, and torrential rains caused hundreds of car accidents and a danger of mudslides however Friday is expected to be dry and sunny.
Review: Writing a summary lead Usually a single sentence Usually a single sentence No more than 35 words No more than 35 words Bottom line: Bottom line: –Use a single sentence of no more than 35 words to summarize an event
Review: Lucy Kragness interview Overall tough to condense all the info! Overall tough to condense all the info! –Some untrue facts! Use spellchecker (how to spell Kragness?), AP Stylebook Use spellchecker (how to spell Kragness?), AP Stylebook Use past tense, third person Use past tense, third person Common style errors: Common style errors: –Titles –Years –Numerals –State names –Degrees: masters, bachelors –Freelance
Use last name on second reference Use last name on second reference Avoid restating question Avoid restating question Watch editorializing Watch editorializing Verify facts Verify facts Paragraph length: 2-3 sentences max Paragraph length: 2-3 sentences max Grammar Grammar –Agreement –Run-on sentences –When to use hyphens Attribution: she said strongest Attribution: she said strongest Quote here, she said. Quote here, she said. Wordiness Wordiness Dont be afraid to use quotes! Dont be afraid to use quotes!
As Lucy Kragness talked about her experiences as a journalist and instructor, her love of journalism wasnt only obvious in what she said, but also in the way she said it. Lucy Kragness career came full circle when she recently returned to teaching at the University of Minnesota Duluth where she teaches students about the exciting world of journalism, a world that she knows very well. After years of being a journalist and assistant to the chancellor, Lucy Kragness has returned to teaching because the journalism minor has once again become available for students at UMD.
Hard News 1 Story Assignment How are interviews going? How are interviews going? Work in teams to interview Duluth citizens about the gubernatorial election Work in teams to interview Duluth citizens about the gubernatorial election Each reporter writes own story Each reporter writes own story Interview 8-10 Duluth residents Interview 8-10 Duluth residents –Might not use all sources in story –List all sources, with contact info, at end of story Groups of 1 to 2 Groups of 1 to 2 Stories will be posted on class website: Stories will be posted on class website: –Fall Jour 2001 Website Fall Jour 2001 WebsiteFall Jour 2001 Website
Lets make sure that we are covering Duluth Amy: Plaza Super One Amy: Plaza Super One Klaus: West End Klaus: West End Luke: Highland Village Apartments Luke: Highland Village Apartments Jarred: Miller Hill Mall Jarred: Miller Hill Mall Emily: Canal Park Emily: Canal Park Ann/Julie: UMD/Food Court Ann/Julie: UMD/Food Court Danielle/Brooke: Central High School Teachers Danielle/Brooke: Central High School Teachers Lizzy: Cub Lizzy: Cub Annelyse: WalMart Annelyse: WalMart
Madiha: Mount Royal Madiha: Mount Royal Olivia/Kaylie: Caribou Coffee Olivia/Kaylie: Caribou Coffee Reegan: Student Athletes Reegan: Student Athletes Stephanie: Lester Park Stephanie: Lester Park Haley: Starbucks Haley: Starbucks Princess/Jillian: CSS/UMD Library Princess/Jillian: CSS/UMD Library Holly: Target Holly: Target Tony: LSH/Griggs Tony: LSH/Griggs Fond du Luth Casino Fond du Luth Casino Nick: Electric Fetus Nick: Electric Fetus Anne: Pizza Luce Anne: Pizza Luce
What are you finding are the key issues for the governors race? Work in teams at each table Work in teams at each table Come up with four issues in 5 minutes Come up with four issues in 5 minutes Post questions on class website at: Post questions on class website at: –http://blog.lib.umn.edu/lkragnes/jour2001fall2010/ http://blog.lib.umn.edu/lkragnes/jour2001fall2010
Sports Story Pitch Due: Monday, October 4 Select a UMD or prep sporting event to cover Select a UMD or prep sporting event to cover Length of story pitch: no more than three paragraphs, about 200 words Length of story pitch: no more than three paragraphs, about 200 words Include the 5 Ws and H: what makes this story newsworthy Include the 5 Ws and H: what makes this story newsworthy Complete article due: November 8 Complete article due: November 8
Sample sports story pitch The sporting event that I am going to cover is a upcoming high school prep football game between the varsity squads of Duluth Denfeld and Hibbing high school. The game is scheduled for Friday, October 13th at 5:15 PM. I am expecting a large home crowd, and some theatrics from fans considering this is the end of Duluth Denfeld's homecoming week.
Lets look up sporting events UMD Athletics UMD Athletics
Next week Practice City Council meeting Practice City Council meeting –Tape of a previous meeting October 25 We will attend City Council meeting. We will attend City Council meeting.
Assignment: Due 10/11 Enroll in the News University course, The Interview. Access the course at: http://www.newsu.org Enroll in the News University course, The Interview. Access the course at: http://www.newsu.org http://www.newsu.org http://www.newsu.org When you finish the course, send me a Course Report, which is the last item on the left hand column when you are in the course. Send the report to: firstname.lastname@example.org When you finish the course, send me a Course Report, which is the last item on the left hand column when you are in the course. Send the report to: email@example.com@d.umn.edu You must complete the course by Monday, October 11 at 11:59 p.m. You must complete the course by Monday, October 11 at 11:59 p.m. Happy interviewing! Happy interviewing!
Assignment due tonight Summary lead exercises Summary lead exercises –Steps to help you: Identify the five Ws and H Identify the five Ws and H Whats the focal point? Whats the focal point? –Determine whats the most important to include –Reminder: Summary lead contains no more than 35 words
Bottom line on its or its Use its: when mean it is, it has Use its: when mean it is, it has All other uses: its All other uses: its No such word as its
Useful websites Grammar, writing Grammar, writing –Purdues OWL (Online Writing Lab) Purdues OWL (Online Writing Lab)Purdues OWL (Online Writing Lab) –Guide to Grammar and Writing, Capital Community College Foundation Guide to Grammar and Writing, Capital Community College FoundationGuide to Grammar and Writing, Capital Community College Foundation –Guide to Grammar and Style, Jack Lynch Guide to Grammar and Style, Jack LynchGuide to Grammar and Style, Jack Lynch Journalism Journalism –Beginning Reporter Resources Beginning Reporter ResourcesBeginning Reporter Resources –Power Reporting Power ReportingPower Reporting
Lets review… Interviewing Interviewing –How to gather information Quotes Quotes –Direct, paraphrase, partial
Taking notes –Tape recorder Pros and cons Disadvantages Replaying and transcribing takes time Machine can fail If you dont save tapes, not lasting record Advantages Highest accuracy Actual proof of what was said Can post interview on papers Web site
Taking notes –Notebook Pros and cons Disadvantages People talk faster than you can write Standing still to write restricts movement Wont be able to read all your own handwriting Advantages Nothing to break, no batteries Easy to access and transcribe Becomes permanent record
Taking notes –Typing Pros and cons Disadvantages People talk fast; quotes may be inaccurate Computers can destroy or delete files Stuck sitting in one place staring at a screen Advantages Fastest way to go from notes to story Most efficient way to get data on deadline Can conduct interview using chat or e-mail
Interviewing –Phone interviews Interview pros and cons Disadvantages Impersonal Difficult (and sometimes illegal) to record More likely to mishear or misquote someone Advantages Fast and efficient Less intimidating Cell phones allow interviews to take place anywhere at any time
Interviewing –E-mail interviews Interview pros and cons Disadvantages No personal interaction Lagtime between questions and answers Takes longer; are you sure the person is who he/she claims to be? Advantages Gives interviewees time to construct responses Offers the most flexibility Typed responses easy to copy and paste; provide record of what was said
Interviewing –In-person interviews Interview pros and cons Disadvantages Wastes time traveling and waiting Distractions can interrupt interview If you are uncomfortable, it becomes obvious Advantages Best way to build rapport Physical surroundings can provide useful data People take you more seriously when you are in front of them
Closed-ended questions Closed-ended questions –Asked to get precise answer –Useful when already know the answer, need confirmation –Used when source is comfortable –Dont be hostile! Open-ended questions Open-ended questions –Useful when have more time –Often learn unexpected information –Gets sources opinions, feelings –Anything else to add? Anything Im forgetting?
Use objective verbs of attribution Straight news stories Straight news stories –Use neutral verbs: said, added Said isnt boring – readers expect it Said isnt boring – readers expect it No need to be creative No need to be creative –Avoid asserted, bellowed, contended, cried, declared, demanded, emphasized, harangued, hinted, maintained, opined, stammered, stated, stressed
Placement of attributions Usually follows the quotation Usually follows the quotation Normally follows first sentence in multiple sentence quote Normally follows first sentence in multiple sentence quote When sources change, new attribution needed When sources change, new attribution needed Use attribution once in a quotation Use attribution once in a quotation Use attribution between complete, partial quotes Use attribution between complete, partial quotes
What are typical reporting beats? 1. Police & fire 2. Courts 3. Education 4. Government 5. All of the above
Covering a beat –News beat Do research. Do research. Talk to your predecessor. Talk to your predecessor. Achieve a mind- meld with editors. Achieve a mind- meld with editors. Meet people. Meet people. Beat reporters focus on specific topics or institutions Make lists Key sources Key sources Upcoming meetings and events Upcoming meetings and events Story ideas Story ideas
Working a beat: Dos and donts –Familiarize yourself. –Follow the money. –Call sources back. –Write for your readers. DO –Get too cozy. What does that mean? What does that mean? –Get used. –Waste sources time. –Simply mimic. DONT
Obituaries Writing obits: A fate worse than death? Writing obits: A fate worse than death? –Each paper has different policies on obituaries –Often front-page news Capturing the flavor of a life Capturing the flavor of a life –Prominent citizens/entertainers Michael Jackson Michael Jackson Patrick Swayze Patrick Swayze Often published free of charge Often published free of charge
Writing obituaries Death is news –Obituaries are read more closely by more people than any other part of the paper. They tell stories. They tell stories. They touch hearts. They touch hearts. They honor and inspire. They honor and inspire. Whats the difference? Death notice brief announcement with basic facts. Death notice brief announcement with basic facts. Obituary longer announcement and provides more history and detail. Obituary longer announcement and provides more history and detail.
Watch your language Would you include these? –Addresses –Cause of death –Past personal problems –Flowery phrases Other terminology Funerals are scheduled. Funerals are scheduled. Masses are celebrated. Masses are celebrated. People die unexpectedly. People die unexpectedly. People die after surgery. People die after surgery. A man is survived by his wife. A man is survived by his wife.
Talking with families about the deceased –Dont be squeamish. –If youre not sure what to say, use a script. –Be supportive. –Be willing to listen. –If it will be a long obituary, gather as much detail as possible.
Typical content of obits Full name Full name Address Address Date of death Date of death Cause of death Cause of death –How to handle suicides? Age Age Occupation Occupation Accomplishments Accomplishments Time and date of services, visitation information Time and date of services, visitation information Place of burial, memorial information Place of burial, memorial information Names of survivors Names of survivors
In the news U.S. Supreme Court Ruling about Wiccan symbols: U.S. Supreme Court Ruling about Wiccan symbols: –http://www.startribune.com/484/story/11383 25.html http://www.startribune.com/484/story/11383 25.htmlhttp://www.startribune.com/484/story/11383 25.html
Sources of information Funeral homes Funeral homes Families Families Confirming information Confirming information Avoiding hoaxes Avoiding hoaxes eHow: How to write an obituary eHow: How to write an obituary –http://www.ehow.com/how_3456_write-obituary.html http://www.ehow.com/how_3456_write-obituary.html
Lets look at some examples… Duluth News-Tribune: Duluth News-Tribune: –http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/ http://www.duluthnewstribune.com/ Cloquet Pine-Journal: Cloquet Pine-Journal: –http://www.pinejournal.com/event/obituaries/ group/Obituaries/ http://www.pinejournal.com/event/obituaries/ group/Obituaries/http://www.pinejournal.com/event/obituaries/ group/Obituaries/ New York Times: New York Times: –http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/arts/12 murdock.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=obituaries%2 0today&st=cse http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/arts/12 murdock.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=obituaries%2 0today&st=csehttp://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/arts/12 murdock.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=obituaries%2 0today&st=cse
Ethics Case Killing news: Responsible coverage of suicides Killing news: Responsible coverage of suicides –http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/killing-news-responsible-coverage-of- suicides/ http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/killing-news-responsible-coverage-of- suicides/http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/killing-news-responsible-coverage-of- suicides/ Sharing the communitys grief: Little Rock news coverage of 3 teenage suicides Sharing the communitys grief: Little Rock news coverage of 3 teenage suicides –http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/sharing-the-communitys-grief/ http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/sharing-the-communitys-grief/http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/sensitiv e-news-topics/sharing-the-communitys-grief/ Intruding on grief: Does the public really have a "need to know? Intruding on grief: Does the public really have a "need to know? –http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/invadin g-privacy/intruding-on-grief/ http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/invadin g-privacy/intruding-on-grief/http://journalism.indiana.edu/resources/ethics/invadin g-privacy/intruding-on-grief/
Readings from the textbook A passion for raising rabbits: p. 224 A passion for raising rabbits: p. 224 BGSU professor a talented sculptor: p. 225 BGSU professor a talented sculptor: p. 225 Church bus crash on turnpike kills 3: p. 226 Church bus crash on turnpike kills 3: p. 226 For those cut off, a life primeval: p. 227 For those cut off, a life primeval: p. 227 This ones for real: p. 230 This ones for real: p. 230 Family loses all in house fire: p. 232 Family loses all in house fire: p. 232 Into the flames: p. 234 Into the flames: p. 234
Covering police, fire beats Making the rounds: develop sources Making the rounds: develop sources –Each city, county different –Billings, Sheridan examples Departmental records Departmental records –Police log, reports –Fire reports
Duluth area public service Organizational structures Organizational structures –Duluth Police Department Duluth Police DepartmentDuluth Police Department –St. Louis County Sheriffs Department St. Louis County Sheriffs DepartmentSt. Louis County Sheriffs Department –Duluth Fire Department Duluth Fire DepartmentDuluth Fire Department
Covering accidents and disasters Most editors maintain standards –What is the severity? –How many people are affected? –Is it local? Photographs from Photographs from News Photography class News Photography class
Writing stories on traffic accidents –Usually lead with WHAT or WHO. –Start with a delayed-identification lead. Delay naming victims until 2 nd or 3 rd paragraph. Delay naming victims until 2 nd or 3 rd paragraph. Distribute key facts logically through first few paragraphs. Distribute key facts logically through first few paragraphs. Generally no need to identify police by name. Generally no need to identify police by name.
Covering accidents and disasters Traffic accident checklist Victims Victims Extent of injuries/cause of death Extent of injuries/cause of death Cause of accident according to police Cause of accident according to police Location Location Time Time Vehicles Vehicles Arrests or citations Arrests or citations Comments Comments Acts of heroism Acts of heroism Relevant facts Relevant facts
A tree came crashing down in front of a house on Brainerd Avenue in Duluth on March 23 due to excess weight on its branches during an ice rain storm.
Covering accidents and disasters When disaster strikes –Arriving on the scene Go where the action is. Go where the action is. Question authorities. Question authorities. Talk to victims and eyewitnesses. Talk to victims and eyewitnesses. Record details that capture the scene. Record details that capture the scene. Check in often with your editors. Check in often with your editors. Collaborate. Collaborate.
Covering accidents and disasters When disaster strikes –Dealing with victims of a tragedy Ask permission. Ask permission. Go slow. Go slow. Empathizebut watch what you say. Empathizebut watch what you say.
Covering fires Reporting and writing fire stories –Identify yourself. –Find the command post. –Introduce yourself to command. –Get as close as you can. –Wear boots.
Firefighters responded to a fire on the 300 block of 58th Ave West on March 3rd. A man in the home was remodeling when his painting equipment caught on fire. The man suffered no injuries, but his friend was taken to the hospital.
Covering fires Organizing stories on fire –Death or injury usually the lead. –Focus on the most compelling aspect. –Cover the aftermath. –May offer opportunity to use narrative storytelling.
Duluth firefighters take down a ladder after extinguishing a fire at Duluth Upholstery on the corner of E. 9th Street and 12th Avenue at about 10 p.m. on Tuesday night.
Tonights in-class assignment AP Stylebook Quiz! AP Stylebook Quiz!
Egradebook Doublecheck assignments correct in egradebook: Doublecheck assignments correct in egradebook: –http://www.d.umn.edu/egradebook
Portfolio Store academic information in your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. Store academic information in your Electronic Portfolio. Each student has 100 mb of storage. Access Electronic Portfolio at: https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp Access Electronic Portfolio at: https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp https://portfolio.umn.edu/portfolio/index.j sp