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Recycling in Condominiums & Private Apartments

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Presentation on theme: "Recycling in Condominiums & Private Apartments"— Presentation transcript:

1 Recycling in Condominiums & Private Apartments
16 Jul 2009 Gillian Oh National Environment Agency, Singapore

2 Presentation Outline Waste situation 1) Waste management challenge 2) NEA strategies – focus on waste recycling Mandatory provision of receptacles for recycling in condominiums & private apartments COPEH addendum 3 Discussion


4 WASTE CHALLENGES Waste Explosion Increase 6 times
7,700 t/d Waste Explosion Increase 6 times 1 new incineration plant every 5-7 years 1 new landfill (350ha) every years 1,200 t/d 1970 2000

5 WASTE CHALLENGES Scarce land resource: - By 1999, all landfills on
mainland were full & closed It is not-sustainable due to the 3 challenges that Spore face.

6 WASTE CHALLENGES High cost of constructing IPs and Landfill:
IPs &Landfill Year Capacity Cost Ulu Pandan ,100 t/d $130 m Tuas ,700 t/d $200 m Senoko ,400 t/d $580 m Tuas South ,000 t/d $890 m Semakau Landill x106 m3 $610 m

7 WASTE STRATEGIES Reduce waste volume via incineration to reduce landfill needs Minimise waste at source Waste Recycling Long term goals: Towards zero landfill & zero waste

8 Recycling efforts pay off
Drop in waste disposed of though waste generation has risen due to increasing GDP and population : Tonnes Per Day 2001 9,000 2008 7,700 8,000 7,170 7,000 5,700 6,000 5,000 4,000 2,600 3,000 1,200 2,000 1,000 Year 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

9 Domestic Vs Non-domestic Waste (2008)
56.5% 43.5% Non-domestic waste 3,120 tonnes/day Domestic & trade waste 4,050 tonnes/day Waste Output : 7,170 tonnes/day Notes : To be displayed when 1st speaker walks towards mic.

10 Recycling in Domestic Sector
National Recycling Programme - Serves all HDB / landed property estates (about 87% of households) - Condominiums not covered 2) Recycling in Condominiums - Only 38% have recycling receptacles within estate voluntarily - Mandate receptacles for recycling as of 1 Nov 08

11 National Recycling Programme
Launched in 2001 Bundled with public waste collection contracts Residents given recycling bags or recycling bins Door-to-door collection every fortnight Prior to April 1996, <> the Ministry was responsible for refuse collection from domestic and trade premises and institutional establishments. Participation rate as of Dec 05 : 55% (HDB), 73% (landed)

12 National Recycling Programme
Recyclables collected: Paper Drink cans/ metal containers Glass bottles/jars Plastic bottles Carton boxes Clothing Semb Visy MRF

13 1600 HDB Centralised Depositories & Recycling Bins at Public Places
All HDB estates (1600 set) Outside MRT stations Shopping streets and malls

14 Recycling in Domestic Sector
1) National Recycling Programme - Serves all HDB / landed property estates (about 87% of households) - Condominiums not covered 2) Recycling in Condominiums - Only 38% have recycling receptacles within estate voluntarily - Mandate receptacles for recycling as of 1 Nov 08

15 Recycling in Condos – Status
Recycling programme launched in 2002 Only 38% have recycling bins/bags within estate Placed recycling bins in public areas : helps cover another 12% Continual requests from various residents for recycling facilities in estate In 2007: Consulted with major stakeholders (MCST, APFM, NC, SISV, etc) in 07 to encourage recycling Followed up with letters and reminders to MCST Only slight improvement

16 Barriers faced to set up structured recycling programme voluntarily
From feedback: There is already informal collection of newspapers, clothing, etc by cleaners Space constraints, visual impacts, NIMBY syndrome Security concerns Some waste disposal companies lack capacity to provide structured recycling programme Occasional change in the waste collector

17 Mandate recycling receptacles in condominiums
EPHA amended and came into effect 1 Nov 08 All condominiums and private apartments required to provide recycling receptacles within estate – e.g. recycling bags, bins All recyclables collected shall be sent to recycling facilities Notices send out in phases, starting from larger condominiums - 6 months grace period for compliance

18 MCs responsible for setting up / maintaining sufficient receptacles for deposit of paper, plastics, cans, glass for recycling in commingled / sorted form All recyclables collected from these receptacles will have to be sent to recycling facilities Requirement Since 1 Apr 05, Building Maintenance and Strata Management Act & Regulation has bylaws requiring segregation of recyclables in accordance with applicable recycling guidelines

19 Examples of recycling in condominiums
20L/d/unit * 216units = 4320L/d 30% of 4320L/d = 1296L/d  need at least two 660L bins Therefore need an area of 2 m2

20 Best Practices in Condos
1) Placement of recycling bins at convenient locations within estate 2) Door to door collection of recyclables (fortnightly) 3) Twin chute or Pneumatic recyclables collection system

21 Recycling programme @ Highgate
Estate with 216 units Recycling bins located outside the Highgate Management Office Current licensed waste collector is engaged to transport the collected recyclables to the recycling facilities at least weekly 20L/d/unit * 216units = 4320L/d 30% of 4320L/d = 1296L/d  need at least two 660L bins Therefore need an area of 2 m2

22 Recycling programme @ Mount Faber lodge
Estate with 84 units Recycling bags collected fortnightly by licensed waste collector to send to recycling facilities for recycling Similar as that provided to HDB residents under the National Recycling Programme

23 Recycling programme @ Parc Oasis
Estates with 950 units Recycling bins at the entrance of the basements of each blk  Cleaners empty recycling bins daily Cleaning contractor has a general waste collector license and is currently engaged to transport the collected recyclables to the recycling facilities 950units *20L/d/units =19,000L/d 30% of 19,000L/d = 5700L/d of recyclables  need at least nine 660L bins  an area of 9 m2 Management has put in place 10*2 = L bins

24 COPEH Addendum 3

25 Objective for COPEH amendments
To provide designated main recycling point for placement of recycling bins and/or recyclables chute system in new strata-titled properties with residential units for collection / storage of recyclables, without compromising the design for the refuse storage and collection system Amendments made available online: 15 Jan 09 Date for compliance: 30 Mar 09

26 Recyclables output Recyclables are Paper, Plastics, Metal and Glass products ( as defined under the Second Schedule of Environmental Public Health (General Waste Collection) Regulations) Daily recyclables output shall be computed as follow: either an additional 30% by volume of the daily refuse output estimated under section 1.2 or 240L/d of recyclables, whichever is higher. (Figures based on the current market practice in provision of recycling bins for condominiums/private apartments)

27 Designated main recycling point
Objective: For the deposit, consolidation & storage of recyclables collected from the development Allow placement of receptacles for collection and storage of the minimum daily recyclables output computed To be sited at one location and accessible by residents. To be accessible by a recyclables collection vehicle, using the same road access as that used by the refuse collection vehicle. NOTE: While an estate can have many intermediate recycling points, each estate will need to have one designated main recycling point

28 Designated main recycling point
Example : Intermediate recycling points N.B: Capacity of intermediate recycling points shall not result in any reduction in the required capacity of the recycling receptacles to be placed at the designated main recycling point Example: Designated main recycling point

29 Calculation Examples For a new strata-titled property with 100 residential units and 30 commercial units, the recyclables output will be 30% of 2000L = 600L Extracted from COPEH section 2.1  need to allocate space for 1x660L recycling bin that occupies say 1 m2, or 3x240L recycling bins that occupies say 1.3 m2

30 Recyclable Chute System
Similar requirement as for refuse chute system: Non-centralised chute Recyclables chute chamber capacity : at least 1 day of recyclables output from all the premises connected to the recyclables chute. Recyclables collected from recyclables chute chamber shall be transferred to the receptacles at designated main recycling point Centralised chute Recyclables collection room : minimium capacity of 2 days of recyclables output

31 Recyclable Chute System
Pneumatic recyclables chute collection system : minimium of 2 days of recyclables output. Below is an example of Twin Pneumatic Refuse Collection System in Parc Emily condominium i.e separate chutes for refuse and recyclables

32 Save natural resources
Benefits of Recycling Save natural resources Prolong the life span of our landfill Reduce greenhouse gases Protect natural environment

33 Key to Sustainability Involve the Community to take Ownership
of the Environment Routine inspection and education e.g. first time offenders for households educated not fined.

34 Public Education & Community Participation
Involvement of 3P Sectors Residents Companies Schools Grassroots organizations Government agencies Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) 34

35 Concluding Remarks Mandatory provision of receptacles for recycling
- Mgmt to provide recycling receptacles & to engage collector to send recyclables to recycling facilities COPEH Addendum 3 - Provide designated main recycling point and/or recyclables chute system in new properties with residential units, without compromising refuse storage & collection system design - All QPs to note compliance by 30 March 09

36 Concluding Remarks Let us all learn to reduce, reuse, recycle! Recycle

37 Thank You

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