4 WASTE CHALLENGES Waste Explosion Increase 6 times 7,700 t/dWasteExplosionIncrease6 times1 new incineration plant every 5-7 years1 new landfill (350ha) every years1,200 t/d19702000
5 WASTE CHALLENGES Scarce land resource: - By 1999, all landfills on mainland werefull & closedIt is not-sustainable due to the 3 challenges that Spore face.
6 WASTE CHALLENGES High cost of constructing IPs and Landfill: IPs &Landfill Year Capacity CostUlu Pandan ,100 t/d $130 mTuas ,700 t/d $200 mSenoko ,400 t/d $580 mTuas South ,000 t/d $890 mSemakau Landill x106 m3 $610 m
7 WASTE STRATEGIESReduce waste volume via incineration to reduce landfill needsMinimise waste at sourceWaste RecyclingLong term goals:Towards zero landfill & zero waste
8 Recycling efforts pay off Drop in waste disposed of though waste generation has risen due to increasing GDP and population :Tonnes Per Day20019,00020087,7008,0007,1707,0005,7006,0005,0004,0002,6003,0001,2002,0001,000Year19701975198019851990199520002005
9 Domestic Vs Non-domestic Waste (2008) 56.5%43.5%Non-domestic waste 3,120 tonnes/dayDomestic & trade waste 4,050 tonnes/dayWaste Output : 7,170 tonnes/dayNotes :To be displayed when 1st speaker walks towards mic.
10 Recycling in Domestic Sector National Recycling Programme- Serves all HDB / landed property estates(about 87% of households)- Condominiums not covered2) Recycling in Condominiums- Only 38% have recycling receptacles within estate voluntarily- Mandate receptacles for recycling as of 1 Nov 08
11 National Recycling Programme Launched in 2001Bundled with public waste collection contractsResidents given recycling bags or recycling binsDoor-to-door collection every fortnightPrior to April 1996,<>the Ministry was responsible for refuse collection fromdomestic and trade premises and institutional establishments.Participation rate as of Dec 05: 55% (HDB), 73% (landed)
12 National Recycling Programme Recyclables collected:PaperDrink cans/ metal containersGlass bottles/jarsPlastic bottlesCarton boxesClothingSemb Visy MRF
13 1600 HDB Centralised Depositories & Recycling Bins at Public Places All HDB estates (1600 set)Outside MRT stationsShopping streets and malls
14 Recycling in Domestic Sector 1) National Recycling Programme- Serves all HDB / landed property estates(about 87% of households)- Condominiums not covered2) Recycling in Condominiums- Only 38% have recycling receptacles within estate voluntarily- Mandate receptacles for recycling as of 1 Nov 08
15 Recycling in Condos – Status Recycling programme launched in 2002Only 38% have recycling bins/bags within estatePlaced recycling bins in public areas : helps cover another 12%Continual requests from various residents for recycling facilities in estateIn 2007:Consulted with major stakeholders (MCST, APFM, NC, SISV, etc) in 07 to encourage recyclingFollowed up with letters and reminders to MCSTOnly slight improvement
16 Barriers faced to set up structured recycling programme voluntarily From feedback:There is already informal collection of newspapers, clothing, etc by cleanersSpace constraints, visual impacts, NIMBY syndromeSecurity concernsSome waste disposal companies lack capacity to provide structured recycling programmeOccasional change in the waste collector
17 Mandate recycling receptacles in condominiums EPHA amended and came into effect 1 Nov 08All condominiums and private apartments required to provide recycling receptacles within estate – e.g. recycling bags, binsAll recyclables collected shall be sent to recycling facilitiesNotices send out in phases, starting from larger condominiums - 6 months grace period for compliance
18 MCs responsible for setting up / maintaining sufficient receptacles for deposit of paper, plastics, cans, glass for recycling in commingled / sorted formAll recyclables collected from these receptacles will have to be sent to recycling facilitiesRequirementSince 1 Apr 05, Building Maintenance and Strata Management Act & Regulation has bylaws requiring segregation of recyclables in accordance with applicable recycling guidelines
19 Examples of recycling in condominiums 20L/d/unit * 216units = 4320L/d30% of 4320L/d = 1296L/d need at least two 660L binsTherefore need an area of 2 m2
20 Best Practices in Condos 1) Placement of recycling bins at convenient locations within estate2) Door to door collection of recyclables (fortnightly)3) Twin chute or Pneumatic recyclables collection system
21 Recycling programme @ Highgate Estate with 216 unitsRecycling bins located outside the Highgate Management OfficeCurrent licensed waste collector is engaged to transport the collected recyclables to the recycling facilities at least weekly20L/d/unit * 216units = 4320L/d30% of 4320L/d = 1296L/d need at least two 660L binsTherefore need an area of 2 m2
22 Recycling programme @ Mount Faber lodge Estate with 84 unitsRecycling bags collected fortnightly by licensed waste collector to send to recycling facilities for recyclingSimilar as that provided to HDB residents under the National Recycling Programme
23 Recycling programme @ Parc Oasis Estates with 950 unitsRecycling bins at the entrance of the basements of each blk Cleaners empty recycling bins dailyCleaning contractor has a general waste collector license and is currently engaged to transport the collected recyclables to the recycling facilities950units *20L/d/units =19,000L/d30% of 19,000L/d = 5700L/d of recyclables need at least nine 660L bins an area of 9 m2Management has put in place 10*2 = L bins
25 Objective for COPEH amendments To provide designated main recycling point for placement of recycling bins and/or recyclables chute system in new strata-titled properties with residential units for collection / storage of recyclables, without compromising the design for the refuse storage and collection systemAmendments made available online: 15 Jan 09Date for compliance: 30 Mar 09
26 Recyclables outputRecyclables are Paper, Plastics, Metal and Glass products( as defined under the Second Schedule of Environmental Public Health (General Waste Collection) Regulations)Daily recyclables output shall be computed as follow:either an additional 30% by volume of the daily refuse output estimated under section 1.2or 240L/d of recyclables, whichever is higher.(Figures based on the current market practice in provision of recycling bins for condominiums/private apartments)
27 Designated main recycling point Objective: For the deposit, consolidation & storage of recyclables collected from the developmentAllow placement of receptacles for collection and storage of the minimum daily recyclables output computedTo be sited at one location and accessible by residents.To be accessible by a recyclables collection vehicle, using the same road access as that used by the refuse collection vehicle.NOTE: While an estate can have many intermediate recycling points, each estate will need to have one designated main recycling point
28 Designated main recycling point Example : Intermediate recycling pointsN.B: Capacity of intermediate recycling points shall not result in any reduction in the required capacity of the recycling receptacles to be placed at the designated main recycling pointExample: Designated main recycling point
29 Calculation ExamplesFor a new strata-titled property with 100 residential units and 30 commercial units, the recyclables output will be 30% of 2000L = 600LExtracted from COPEH section 2.1 need to allocate space for 1x660L recycling bin that occupies say 1 m2, or 3x240L recycling bins that occupies say 1.3 m2
30 Recyclable Chute System Similar requirement as for refuse chute system:Non-centralised chuteRecyclables chute chamber capacity : at least 1 day of recyclables output from all the premises connected to the recyclables chute.Recyclables collected from recyclables chute chamber shall be transferred to the receptacles at designated main recycling pointCentralised chuteRecyclables collection room : minimium capacity of 2 days of recyclables output
31 Recyclable Chute System Pneumatic recyclables chute collection system : minimium of 2 days of recyclables output.Below is an example of Twin Pneumatic Refuse Collection System in Parc Emily condominium i.e separate chutes for refuse and recyclables
32 Save natural resources Benefits of RecyclingSave natural resourcesProlong the life span of our landfillReduce greenhouse gasesProtect natural environment
33 Key to Sustainability Involve the Community to take Ownership of the EnvironmentRoutine inspection and education e.g. first time offenders for households educated not fined.
34 Public Education & Community Participation Involvement of 3P SectorsResidentsCompaniesSchoolsGrassroots organizationsGovernment agenciesNon-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)34
35 Concluding Remarks Mandatory provision of receptacles for recycling - Mgmt to provide recycling receptacles & to engage collector to send recyclables to recycling facilitiesCOPEH Addendum 3- Provide designated main recycling point and/or recyclables chute system in new properties with residential units, without compromising refuse storage & collection system design- All QPs to note compliance by 30 March 09
36 Concluding Remarks Let us all learn to reduce, reuse, recycle! Recycle
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