Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Flight and Expulsion during and after WWII Refugees and Expellees – Integration in Germany They came from former German regions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Flight and Expulsion during and after WWII Refugees and Expellees – Integration in Germany They came from former German regions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Flight and Expulsion during and after WWII Refugees and Expellees – Integration in Germany They came from former German regions

2 Overview Refugees and Expellees Historical Introduction Potsdam Agreement Their way to Germany Integration Were they integrated?

3 Germany in million people living in former regions Regions including: East Prussia, West Prussia, Poznan, Lower Silesia, Upper Silesia, parts of Pomerania and Brandenburg

4 Germany in million people living in former regions Regions including: East Prussia, West Prussia, Poznan, Lower Silesia, Upper Silesia, parts of Pomerania and Brandenburg

5 Introducing in History During Second World War East Areas safe until 1944 Front came closer People were scared and left home [temporarily] Germany evacuated people People kept thinking, they'd come back later People stayed / left too late

6 Soviet Violence Those who stayed too long: Soviets came to villages Destroyed, attacked, shot, abused, raped, robbed

7 Potsdam Agreement UK + US + USSR decided on.. Former easter territories of Germany Also other aspects like: reparations, demilitarization Aim: find a place for Polish people Moving Germans from east to west

8 The Flight/Expulsion Plan: Send 3,5 Million people to Germany very cold winter Long ways (by foot or on trains) Overcrowded trains People didn't survive death from cold, too weak to go on, died from bombings Wanting to fight for their home

9

10 In Germany Camps with 1200 – 2000 people Not enough food, water & hygiene 1946/ trains arrived with wagons Often with sick and dead people Hospitals overcrowded Everyone in Germany gave things to survive houses /apartments/ rooms

11

12 Problems of integration 22% of Germany were destroyed (rails, streets, etc.) Difficult to transport important goods (food, etc.) People shared rooms, no privacy Not enough space: earlier prisoner of wars camps turned into refugees and expellees homes People living in Germany didn't want to understand Cultural differences, no work

13 Solutions They could get money from banks Building up new life Started their own political party Supported eachother in groups and organizations 1950's economic miracle brought more jobs for everyone Different laws tried to help integrate

14 Integrated? This is homeHome is where I am from Mostly contact to local Germans 71,7%6,7% Mostly contact to refugees & expellees 9,5%57,1% Note: 21,6% in the first line & 33,4% in the second line answered with Home is here and where I am from

15 A small task Think: Were the following people integrated well? / Did they integrate themselves well?

16 Example 1: Ruth B. Left home in East Prussia when she was 11 years old Fled with her mother and siblings Went to school in her new hometown Lives in Lower Saxony today Has five grandchildren

17 Example 1: Ruth B. Left home in East Prussia when she was 11 years old Fled with her mother and siblings Went to school in her new hometown Lives in Lower Saxony today Has five grandchildren It was easy to find friends at school, Because children don't care about your roots And we just wanted to play

18 Example 2: Franz H. Left home in Lower Silesia when he was 76 years old Fled with his wife Lost his wife on the flight Lived in Bavaria Died at the age of 85

19 Example 2: Franz H. Left home in Lower Silesia when he was 76 years old Fled with his wife Lost his wife on the flight Lived in Bavaria Died at the age of 85 Why would I want to stay in a country Which is not my home? They didn't want Us and we didn't want them.

20 Example 3: Else F. Left home in East Prussia when she was 42 years old Fled with her three children Lost her husband in war Started working as a nurse Lived in Hamburg until she died at the age of 78

21 Example 3: Else F. Left home in East Prussia when she was 42 years old Fled with her three children Lost her husband in war Started working as a nurse Lived in Hamburg until she died at the age of 78 I had to go through a lot. Losing my husband, Going to Hamburg. New situations, not easy to find friends. Still, the job helped me.

22 Conclusions Most of the people were integrated well Laws, organizations, parties and groups helped to integrate Big help: Economic miracle bringing jobs

23 Thanks for listening! I hope you learned a few things!

24 Bibliography Die Vertreibung der deutschen Bevölkerung aus den Gebieten östlich der Oder-Neiße by Bundesministerium für Vertriebene, Flüchtlinge und Kriegsgeschädigte Flucht und Vertreibung – Geschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts aus der Perspektive von drei Nachbarn by Ingo Eser, Jerzy Kochanowski and Ondrêj Matêjka Vier Phasen von Flucht und Vertreibung – zur Vorgeschichte der Ankunft in der SBZ by Bärbel Gafert Flucht und Vertreibung – Deutschland zwischen 1944 und 1947 by Frank Grube and Gerhard Richter Die Vertreibung im deutschen Erinnern by Eva Hahn and Hans Henning Hahn Staatliche Archive Bayerns Integration von Flüchtlingen und Vertriebenen in Bayern nach 1945


Download ppt "Flight and Expulsion during and after WWII Refugees and Expellees – Integration in Germany They came from former German regions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google