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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: THE EXPERIENCE OF CERVIA MUNICIPALITY Luigi Bruzzi - Valentina Boragno Interdepartmental Centre for Environmental Research.

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Presentation on theme: "ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: THE EXPERIENCE OF CERVIA MUNICIPALITY Luigi Bruzzi - Valentina Boragno Interdepartmental Centre for Environmental Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: THE EXPERIENCE OF CERVIA MUNICIPALITY Luigi Bruzzi - Valentina Boragno Interdepartmental Centre for Environmental Research Bologna University - Italy

2 2 THE ENVIRONMENTAL CERTIFICATION OF CERVIA MUNICIPALITY The case study presented describes the application of the Environmental Management System to Cervia Municipality, a small city located in Italy on the Adriatic seashore. The case study presented describes the application of the Environmental Management System to Cervia Municipality, a small city located in Italy on the Adriatic seashore. How the application of an EMS can contribute to the sustainable development of a territory located in a coastal area? How the application of an EMS can contribute to the sustainable development of a territory located in a coastal area? Coastal areas with fragile ecological environment are particularly sensitive to the impacts produced by tourism.Coastal areas with fragile ecological environment are particularly sensitive to the impacts produced by tourism.

3 3 ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPORTANCE OF TOURISMS Tourism is an essential element in local economy and social context: it produces economic growth, occupation, satisfactory regional development and can facilitate a sound management of cultural and natural heritage. Tourism is an essential element in local economy and social context: it produces economic growth, occupation, satisfactory regional development and can facilitate a sound management of cultural and natural heritage. Tourism affects sustainability by increasing consumption of natural resources, by producing large amounts of liquid and solid wastes, by degrading landscape and favouring misuse of land. Tourism affects sustainability by increasing consumption of natural resources, by producing large amounts of liquid and solid wastes, by degrading landscape and favouring misuse of land.

4 4 METHODS AND TOOLS TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY IN TOURISM ACTIVITIES The first way to protect local resources is to be proactive by means of a policy of prevention; this goal could be achieved by applying the procedure of EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) and SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment). The first way to protect local resources is to be proactive by means of a policy of prevention; this goal could be achieved by applying the procedure of EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) and SEA (Strategic Environmental Assessment). The second way is to adopt, for the already existing tourism activities, an EMS (Environmental Management System). EMS are finalized to continuously improve the sustainability by reducing consumption of resources (water and energy), the production of air and acoustic pollution, the production of large amounts of waste waters and solid wastes. The second way is to adopt, for the already existing tourism activities, an EMS (Environmental Management System). EMS are finalized to continuously improve the sustainability by reducing consumption of resources (water and energy), the production of air and acoustic pollution, the production of large amounts of waste waters and solid wastes. The third way is the approach Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) that will be the driving force to the social and economical development of coastal zones. The management of coastal areas focussed on sustainability can be successful only by adopting a set of juridical and economic tools, technological solutions, education and training actions. The third way is the approach Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) that will be the driving force to the social and economical development of coastal zones. The management of coastal areas focussed on sustainability can be successful only by adopting a set of juridical and economic tools, technological solutions, education and training actions.

5 5 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS The EMSs are voluntary environmental management schemes based on harmonized guidelines and principles, open to all sectors of activities and organizations. The EMSs are voluntary environmental management schemes based on harmonized guidelines and principles, open to all sectors of activities and organizations. The EMSs are aimed at improving continuously the environmental performance of organizations by reducing the consumption of natural resources and the impacts of their typical activities and processes. The EMSs are aimed at improving continuously the environmental performance of organizations by reducing the consumption of natural resources and the impacts of their typical activities and processes. The most widely known EMSs are: The most widely known EMSs are: –the international Standard UNI EN ISO 14001 and –the European Regulation n. 761/01 on Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), updated by Regulation n. 196/06

6 6 WHO AND WHY CHOOSE AN EMS? Environmental certification is applied to many activities including tourism, agriculture, business services (i.e. engineering and consulting), construction works, energy systems, food industry, forestry, industrial/manufacturing, mining, transport, utility, waste management. Environmental certification is applied to many activities including tourism, agriculture, business services (i.e. engineering and consulting), construction works, energy systems, food industry, forestry, industrial/manufacturing, mining, transport, utility, waste management. The reasons for an organization to implement an EMS are: The reasons for an organization to implement an EMS are: –Improved environmental management. –Better performance of managing activities. –Wider transparency and higher credibility. –New business opportunities. –Improvement of image and confidence. municipalities factories transportation systems utilities

7 7 EMAS PROCEDURE The EMS procedure develops into different phases in conformity with the scheme Plan-Do-Check-Act. The EMS procedure develops into different phases in conformity with the scheme Plan-Do-Check-Act. The typical path to implement an EMS is a cyclic process aimed at a continuous environmental improvement of the organization. The typical path to implement an EMS is a cyclic process aimed at a continuous environmental improvement of the organization. The main phases of an EMS are: The main phases of an EMS are: –Initial Environmental Review, –Environmental Policy definition, –EMS implementation, –Environmental Statement and Registration.

8 8 MAIN PURPOSE OF AN EMS: IMPROVE SUSTAINABILITY To get an environmental certification is requested an improvement of sustainability, doesnt matter what is the initial level. To get an environmental certification is requested an improvement of sustainability, doesnt matter what is the initial level. Activity with LOW initial sustainability level Activity with INTERMEDIATE initial sustainability level Activity with HIGH initial sustainability level initial level final level initial level final level initial level final level ΔS = sustainability improvement Sustainability improvement is the same in the 3 cases

9 9 EMAS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION Local authorities play an important role in tourism management through their planning activities, policies and programs. Local authorities play an important role in tourism management through their planning activities, policies and programs. In last five years, implementation of EMAS has gradually interested Public Authorities. In last five years, implementation of EMAS has gradually interested Public Authorities. The adoption of EMAS by Public Authorities represents an important exemplary driving force for enterprises located in the same area. The adoption of EMAS by Public Authorities represents an important exemplary driving force for enterprises located in the same area. Public administration becomes closer to citizens stimulating a better environmental behaviour based on the principles of sustainable development. Public administration becomes closer to citizens stimulating a better environmental behaviour based on the principles of sustainable development. EMAS procedure helps the improvement of communication tools and the involvement of employees. EMAS procedure helps the improvement of communication tools and the involvement of employees.

10 10 The European Local Authorities with the major number of EMAS Registration at February 2007 are in Germany (77), in Italy (44), in Spain (20), in the United Kingdom (16 organizations) and in Denmark (11).

11 11 Starting from 2001, year of the application of the new EMAS Scheme to all organizations, the EMAS registration uptake by Local Authorities is continuously increasing. As shows in the graph, the number of these registrations is more than doubled in five year.

12 12 ADRIATIC SEA LIGURIAN SEA EMILIA-ROMAGNA REGION

13 13 CERVIA: LOCATION AND MAP Cervia is part of Ravenna Province located in Emilia Romagna Region Cervia Municipality decided in 2002 to develop an Environmental Management System with the technical support of Bologna University; in May 2005 the city obtained the International Environmental Certification ISO 14001 and recently, in February 2007, the European EMAS Registration. Emilia-Romagna Region Ravenna Province

14 14 TOURIST AND INHABITANTS IN CERVIA year 2006 RESIDENTIAL INHABITANTS: 27,493 persons, 71% on the sea coast. RESIDENTIAL INHABITANTS: 27,493 persons, 71% on the sea coast. TOURISMS: 3,541,850 presences and 531,053 arrivals. TOURISMS: 3,541,850 presences and 531,053 arrivals. RECEPTIVITY: 391 hotels; 4,352 apartments; 5 campsites; 53,020 beds in total. RECEPTIVITY: 391 hotels; 4,352 apartments; 5 campsites; 53,020 beds in total. HAMLETSINHABITANTS% km 2 Inhab/km 2 CERVIA COAST19.6367117,711.109 INTERNAL HAMLETS 7.8572964,48122 TOTAL27.49310082,19334

15 15 CERVIA MUNICIPALITY: ENVIRONMENTAL FRAMEWORK Surface extension: 82 km 2 Surface extension: 82 km 2 Green surface: 10 km 2 of Green surface: 10 km 2 of protected areas, pinewood, natural reserve of Saline, public parks with facilities Salt-works surface: 8 km 2 Salt-works surface: 8 km 2 Natural park and Natural park and pinewood: 2 km 2 Green surface per inhabitants: 380 m 2 /inhabitants. Green surface per inhabitants: 380 m 2 /inhabitants. Length of coastal line: 9 kilometres of fine sandy beaches. Length of coastal line: 9 kilometres of fine sandy beaches. The long sandy beaches offer 230 fully-equipped bathing establishment. The long sandy beaches offer 230 fully-equipped bathing establishment. The Cervia channel harbour offers 300 berths for pleasure boats. The Cervia channel harbour offers 300 berths for pleasure boats.

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17 17 WHY AN EMS FOR CERVIA MUNICIPALITY Better land planning, conservation of natural resources and cultural heritage. Better land planning, conservation of natural resources and cultural heritage. Higher quality, reliability and efficiency of environmental activities and services. Higher quality, reliability and efficiency of environmental activities and services. Better preservation of health and safety for citizens and workers and better incentive of tourisms. Better preservation of health and safety for citizens and workers and better incentive of tourisms. Reliable compliance of legislation. Reliable compliance of legislation. Significant support to economic development and an efficiency improvement of the organization. Significant support to economic development and an efficiency improvement of the organization. Sound management of resources: energy conservation, waste management, reduction of resource consumption. Sound management of resources: energy conservation, waste management, reduction of resource consumption. Better image for an organization voluntary committed to a continuous improvement of the environmental quality. Better image for an organization voluntary committed to a continuous improvement of the environmental quality.

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20 20 INITIAL ENVIRONENTAL REVIEW OF CERVIA MUNICIPALITY The Initial Environmental Review (IER) has permitted to identify the most critical aspects dealing with resources conservation and environmental effects. The Initial Environmental Review (IER) has permitted to identify the most critical aspects dealing with resources conservation and environmental effects. IER has been developed through different phases : IER has been developed through different phases : –description of environmental context and regulations –analysis of activities connected with environmental aspects –collection and analysis of environmental data –assessment of the significance for environmental aspects of activities performed by Cervias municipality. On the bases of this analysis the Municipality has defined the Environmental Policy and selected the priority objectives and programme to achieve significant improvements on the environmental performance. On the bases of this analysis the Municipality has defined the Environmental Policy and selected the priority objectives and programme to achieve significant improvements on the environmental performance.

21 21 RESOURCES AND RESPONSABILITIES Another important achievement of EMS procedure is the modification of the Cervia organization scheme in order to better manage all environmental and sustainability problems. Another important achievement of EMS procedure is the modification of the Cervia organization scheme in order to better manage all environmental and sustainability problems. The Cervia Town Council, to ensure the resources essential to establish, implement, maintain and improve the Environmental Management System, identified some specific management representatives defining their roles and responsibilities. The Cervia Town Council, to ensure the resources essential to establish, implement, maintain and improve the Environmental Management System, identified some specific management representatives defining their roles and responsibilities. The EMS representatives will ensure the compliance with the requirements of the EMS standard and report to the Top Management all the information dealing with the performance and the targets of the Environmental Management System. The EMS representatives will ensure the compliance with the requirements of the EMS standard and report to the Top Management all the information dealing with the performance and the targets of the Environmental Management System.

22 22 The EMS process involved both technical and administrative sectors of Cervia Municipality in the collection, reorganization and evaluation of the environmental data. The EMS process involved both technical and administrative sectors of Cervia Municipality in the collection, reorganization and evaluation of the environmental data. TOWN COUNCIL TECHNICAL-OPERATIVE STRUCTURE MAJOR - COUNCIL INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INTERNAL AUDIT ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY TARGETS

23 23 SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS FOR CERVIA INDICATORSUNITS CERVIA VALUE ITALY VALUE Pedestrian area m 2 /inhabitant 2,10,18 Limited traffic zone m 2 /inhabitant 16,12,5 Bicycle track m/inhabitant0,50,1 Available green area m 2 /inhabitant 11010 Motorization rate car/inhabitant0,620,56 Ecological municipality vehicles % on total 29%- Parking place place/inhabitant0,15- Natural gas consumption m 3 /inhabitant*die 1384- Water consumption litre/inhabitant*die450325 Waste collected kg/inhabitant1000500 Selected waste collection % on total 38%20% The significant environmental aspects, described in the IER, are identified by using a set of sustainability indicators:

24 24 SOME RESULT: CERVIA LAND USE … ADRIATIC SEA Agricultural zone, 58 % Anthropic areas, 16 % Historical centre, 1 % Protected areas, pinewoods and salt basin, 25 %

25 25 IMPROVEMENTS FOR CERVIA SALTPAN … An adequate management of the water cycle can help both the aquatic bird reproduction and the salt production; An adequate management of the water cycle can help both the aquatic bird reproduction and the salt production; Artificial rises for bird nesting away from the main paths; Artificial rises for bird nesting away from the main paths; A wider buffer zone where hunting is forbidden; A wider buffer zone where hunting is forbidden; Promotion of a tourism with educational and ecological characteristics. Promotion of a tourism with educational and ecological characteristics.

26 26 URBAN MOBILITY … The up-dating of Traffic Urban Plan with the principles of a sustainable mobility will allow: The up-dating of Traffic Urban Plan with the principles of a sustainable mobility will allow: –To improve the road circulation with a greater number of car parking, actually these are 4,000 for about 21,000 vehicles; –To implement areas interdict to traffic, actually only the 3% of the coastal zone; –To promote the use of bicycle with the realization of new bicycle paths; actually they are 15 km length and represent only the 5% of total road system; –To develop a more efficient system of public transportation; –To reduce atmospheric and acoustic pollution.

27 27 WATER CONSUMPTION IN CERVIA The graph represents the monthly values, from 2003 to 2005, for the total water consumption in Cervia: it is clearly a close connection between the increase in the water consumption during the summer months with the number of tourist. Domestic water, m 3

28 28 UTILIZATION OF WATER IN CERVIA … Estimated use of water in Cervia: Estimated use of water in Cervia: –Agricultural: 48% –Domestic: 29% –public sector, services and various activities: 23% –Industrial: 0%. Cervia total water consumption Emilia-Romagna total water consumption

29 29 SOLID WASTE PRODUCTION AND SEPARATELY COLLECTED FRACTIONS … The graph shows clearly a close connection between the number of tourist nights spent in Cervia and the waste production in 2006.

30 30 THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY THE 12 PRINCIPLE OF CERVIA ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: THE 12 PRINCIPLE OF CERVIA ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: –to implement an EMS in accordance with the International Standard ISO 14001; –to promote the awareness of employees on the environmental impacts of their daily activities; –to upgrade the Initial Environmental Review in order to define appropriate objectives and targets for improving the environmental performance; –to inform citizens and stakeholder on environmental effects of activities and services; –to carry out a sustainable land planning; –to favorite a urban sustainable mobility; –to take care of green areas; –to improve the waste management integrated system; –to manage the energy and water consumption; –to monitor the quality of coastal water; –to monitor the atmospheric and acoustic pollution and to guarantee the efficiency of internal car-park; –to monitor the activities of suppliers, contractors, stakeholders.

31 31 THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY: TARGETS & ACTIONS Sustainability level AREAS OF IMPROVEMENTS ACTIONS use of land territorial planning urban mobility traffic plan water & energy reduce consumption green areas accurate maintenance solid wastes correct management & recycle total sustainability increase INITIAL LEVEL FINAL LEVEL A local authority in a tourist area…

32 32 ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETS From 2006, in compliance with the EMAS Scheme, Cervia Municipality develops measurable environmental objectives and targets: From 2006, in compliance with the EMAS Scheme, Cervia Municipality develops measurable environmental objectives and targets: 1.The improvement of waste fraction collection up to 48 % in 2009. 2.The development of the Green Public Procurement (recycled paper and so on…). 3.The development of good practices for water and energy consumption. 4.The control of mosquitoes in the territory. 5.The promotion of a sustainability mobility: the use of methane in private and public car, the implementation of bicycle-path and new area interdict to traffic. 6.The plan and qualification of green areas by biological methods.

33 33 EMAS TARGET AND ICZM PILOT PROJECT The ICZM approach represents the advanced tool chosen by Emilia Romagna Region to address all coastal activities towards economic, social and environmental sustainability. The ICZM approach represents the advanced tool chosen by Emilia Romagna Region to address all coastal activities towards economic, social and environmental sustainability. The ICZM Project developed in Cervia territory is the adaptation of Cervia waste-water treatment plant, finalized to the water reuse in agriculture and to technical improvement of the plant. The ICZM Project developed in Cervia territory is the adaptation of Cervia waste-water treatment plant, finalized to the water reuse in agriculture and to technical improvement of the plant.

34 34 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT The Environmental Programmes, engaged by Cervia municipality from 2004, include the designation of specific responsibility for achieving intermediate and final objectives, measured through environmental indicators. The Environmental Programmes, engaged by Cervia municipality from 2004, include the designation of specific responsibility for achieving intermediate and final objectives, measured through environmental indicators. The implementation and operation phases of the programme are periodically checked by specific audits. The implementation and operation phases of the programme are periodically checked by specific audits. THE ANNUAL TARGETS FOR THE WASTE SELECTED COLLECTION THE ANNUAL TARGETS FOR THE WASTE SELECTED COLLECTION ANNORSU, tRD, tRD %TARGET 200238,40411,148 29 % -- 200336,87811,279 31 % -- 200437,98514,279 38 % 200538,75514,762 40 % 200639,50716,247 41 % 40 %

35 35 In May 2005, CERVIA MUNICIPALITY obtained the certification of its ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM in compliance with the standard ISO 14001 for the following fields of activities: PLANNING, MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT, PERTINENT SERVICES AND INFRASTRUCTURES. In May 2005, CERVIA MUNICIPALITY obtained the certification of its ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM in compliance with the standard ISO 14001 for the following fields of activities: PLANNING, MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT, PERTINENT SERVICES AND INFRASTRUCTURES. In February 2007 CERVIA obtained the EMAS REGISTRATION In February 2007 CERVIA obtained the EMAS REGISTRATION THE ENVIRONMENTAL CERTIFICATION

36 36 CERVIA EMAS REGISTRATION

37 37 CONCLUSION The experience and the results obtained with the EMS procedure applied to Cervia Municipality, has demonstrated the validity of the method for reaching better environmental and sustainability performances. The experience and the results obtained with the EMS procedure applied to Cervia Municipality, has demonstrated the validity of the method for reaching better environmental and sustainability performances. The full engagement of the The full engagement of the administration staff has been an important condition for a successful fulfilment of the procedure. The experience gained in the The experience gained in the certification of Cervia Municipality has also demonstrated that tourism, if correctly planned and managed, can contribute to the environmental protection, conservation of biodiversity and more generally to the achievement of a better sustainability.


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