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2005 USMEF – Japan Internship Courtney Heller November 2, 2005 Colorado State University Center for Red Meat Safety.

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Presentation on theme: "2005 USMEF – Japan Internship Courtney Heller November 2, 2005 Colorado State University Center for Red Meat Safety."— Presentation transcript:

1 2005 USMEF – Japan Internship Courtney Heller November 2, 2005 Colorado State University Center for Red Meat Safety

2 Tokyo, Japan June 4 th – August 6 th B-Site Ginza East Apartments –Tsukiji Fish Market –Kabuki-Za Theater www.shochiku.co.jp/play/kabukiza/theater

3 Project Key Words Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) – A tolerance level, not to be exceeded, of an agricultural chemical or veterinary drug residue found in food –Parent compound and/or metabolite –Toxicological threshold, average levels of chemicals in foods and average daily intake Positive List – Listing of MRLs, if not included in the list, the chemical is not permitted

4 Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) Objective: Provide processors, producers and marketers with an exporting tool that outlines veterinary drug and agricultural chemical MRL export requirements for the U.S., Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan in a user friendly, easily accessible format

5 MRLs Step 1: Compile readily accessible information Step 3: Format information Step 2: Meet with government and industry representatives

6 Japan Hong Kong Travel… Taiwan South Korea

7 United States of America Code of Federal Regulations National Residue Program - Blue Book http://www.swfamerica.com/contact_us.html

8 Japan USDA - Embassy of the United States of America Food Safety Commission http://sunsite.tus.ac.jp/asia/japan/maps/japanmap.jpg

9 Hong Kong USDA - Agricultural Trade Office Food and Environmental Hygiene Department, Hong Kong http://www.hkcrystal.com/hiking/HongKongTrail_topo.htm

10 Taiwan American Institute in Taiwan Department of Health, Taiwan http://mail.scu.edu.tw/~f04/taiwanmap.jpg

11 South Korea South Koreas Codex Ms. Jihae Yangs translations http://www.library.uu.nl/wesp/populstat/mpics/maps/skoream.jpg

12 Compilation of MRLs 351 agricultural chemicals 247 veterinary drugs 7 miscellaneous Challenges – Metabolites – Classification of Chemical – By-products

13 Metabolites U.S.JapanSouth Korea TaiwanHong Kong Febantel0.5 b 0.5 Oxfendazole0.8 a 0.5 b 0.5 Fenbendazole0.8 a 0.5 b 0.5 a fenbendazole b oxfendazole sulfone

14 Classification Bendiocarb – classified by one country as a pesticide and a veterinary drug –Different MRLs for same meat products under each classification

15 By-products Offal Edible offal By-products Edible by-products Kidney Liver All edible tissue

16 MRL example - Gentamicin ProductU.S.JapanSouth Korea TaiwanHong Kong Japan Code Comments BeefMuscle Fat Liver Kidney By-product 0.1 2 5 2 0.1 2 5 0.1 2 5 0.1 2 5 6-3 US – 21 CFR 556.300 HK - MRL has not come into operation PorkMuscle Fat Liver Kidney By-product 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 2 5 2 0.1 0.2 2 5 0.1 2 5 0.1 2 5 6-3 US – 21 CFR 556.300 HK - MRL has not come into operation PoultryMuscle Fat Liver Kidney By-product 0.1 5555555555 US – 21 CFR 556.300 HK - MRL has not come into operation

17 Highlights Market tours Farm Tour US Beef Safety/EV Program Seminar Food Taipei

18 Wholesalers and Hypermarts

19 High End Retailers

20 Wet Markets South Korea Hong Kong Variety of preferences within each culture

21 – Bar code – Ear tag number – Cellular phone – Upload animal information Individual Animal Identification in Japan

22 Food Taipei 2005 April 16 – Resumed U.S. beef trade with Taiwan June 25 – Immediately following Food Taipei 2005, the Taiwan suspended US beef trade, again Stipulation in original agreement regarding BSE

23 US Beef Safety/Export Verification Program Seminar Present U.S. beef safety and export verification program to Japanese meat industry members and media to promote further understanding of key issues among consumers.

24 USMEF-Japan Office Pork trade –Meet with consumers and USMEF members –Promotional events –Publications Beef trade –BSE Meet with media and/or industry Arrange trips and travel to U.S. with Japanese government, industry and media –Publications

25 Critique In light of BSE issues, it would be helpful to have a staff member with a strong science background – Time difference for US consultation often slowed efficiency –Time spent researching was inefficient

26 Thank you USMEF Staff –United States of America –Japan –Hong Kong –Taiwan –South Korea

27 Thank You Kevin Smith – USMEF, USA Susumu Harada – USMEF, Japan Rachel Nelson – USDA, Japan Tetsuo Hamamoto, PhD – USDA, Japan Kazuo Fukumoto, DVM – FSC, Japan Joel Haggard – USMEF, ASEAN Vivian Kwok – USMEF, Hong Kong Caroline Yuen – ATO, Hong Kong Yuen Lai-sze, Iris – FEHD, Hong Kong Fung Fuk-on – FEHD, Hong Kong Cheng Wing-fai, Ronny – FEHD, Hong Kong Davis Wu – USMEF, Taiwan Lillian Lo – USMEF, Taiwan Rosemary Kao – American Institute in Taiwan Chih-Lung Chen – Department of Health, Taiwan Jihae Yang – USMEF, Korea

28 Beef/veal producers and feeders Pork producers and feeders Lamb producers and feeders Packers and processors Purveyors and traders Oilseeds producers Feedgrains producers Farm organizations Supply and service organizations American Meat Science Association Thank you


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