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- the movement of people from farms to cities By 1860 only 1 in 5 Americans lived in a city By 1890 1 in 3 did Jobs drew people into the city Steel mills,

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Presentation on theme: "- the movement of people from farms to cities By 1860 only 1 in 5 Americans lived in a city By 1890 1 in 3 did Jobs drew people into the city Steel mills,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 - the movement of people from farms to cities By 1860 only 1 in 5 Americans lived in a city By in 3 did Jobs drew people into the city Steel mills, meatpacking plants, garment factories, sales clerks, etc.

3 Cities flooded with, and farmers from the plains who were coming back to the cities African Americans moved to northern cities Chicago, Detroit, NY, Philadelphia grew in AA neighborhoods

4 The poorest people lived in the cities center in small apartments called. Many had no windows, heat, bathrooms Whole families would fit into one room! Sickness and disease spread rapidly throughout the overcrowded cities

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9 Moving outward from the center, lived the middle class Doctors, lawyers, business managers, skilled workers, office workers The conditions in this housing section was much improved from the slums of the poor

10 Lived on the outskirts of the city in mansions 5 th Ave in NY city The wealthy lived like European royalty

11 Cities were filthy Garbage lay in the streets, plumbing was scarce, crowded,, sickness Crime ran high as law enforcement was still developing

12 standards for construction and safety Fire escapes, plumbing, etc. Trash removal, street cleaners Zoning Laws- disallowed companies from building factories in the center of the city Police forces and fire stations Underground sewer systems and clean water

13 Catholic Church helped many Polish, Irish, and Italian immigrants Many Protestant ministers urged middle and upper class citizens to lend a hand as well The offered food and shelter to the poor The Young Mens Hebrew Association helped many Jewish immigrants

14 community centers that offered services to the poor Jane Adams from Chicago- led this movement She started the Chicago Hull House in 1889 These houses helped them acculturate and learn American culture and language Also gave them a place to stay


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