2Warm-up 4/7- What countries are part of Southeast Asia?
3Physical GeographyOne of the most populous and diverse regions in the worldThe land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolationClimate is tropical-humid throughout the yearMonsoons affect this areaMajor cities are port cities- reflect the regions ties to global trade
4Physical Geography The region is divided into two sub regions: Mainland and island nationsMainland nations include: Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and VietnamThe Malaysia peninsula is on the southern edgeMalaysia straddles the mainland and the island of Borneo.The island nations include: Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and East TimorMost people in this region rely on agriculture and live in rural areas.The region is located along the Ring of Fire- which affects settlement in the region
6Warm-up 4/8Today’s warm-up is not a quote, but still answer the following question on Tuesday on your warm-up paper.How does the physical environment and location of resources determine and affect where people live in Southeast Asia?
7Natural Disasters #1- Volcano Location- Indonesia East Java- The most populated island hereEffects- Killed three people, destroyed homes, canceled flights, and evacuated many people
8Natural Disasters #2- Tsunami Location- Banda Aceh- a city in IndonesiaEffects- It was triggered by a 9.1 magnitude earthquakeHit Banda Aceh the hardestWiped out 1/3 of the cityEverything was flattenedKilled over 200,000 peopleDisplaced more than 500,000
13Warm-up 4/9 What landmark is this? Where is it located? Wat Arun- it is a Buddhist templeWhere is it located?Bangkok, ThailandWhich culture created it?Built during the Ayutthaya period by the Thai peopleWhy/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?Built in the 17th century and it was built as a Buddhist temple5. What defining characteristics standout to you?
17Warm-up 4/11What are political and economic influences in Southeast Asia?
18Southeast Asia Empires- Influences from China and India China ruled Vietnam from 111B.C. to A.D. 939Chinese art, technology, political ideas, and ethical beliefs shaped Vietnam’s cultureHinduism and Buddhism spread from India and influenced the religion and art in Southeast AsiaSoutheast Asia did keep some of its own traditions
19Southeast Asia Empires Early Southeast Asia had mandalas- states organized as rings of power around a central courtThe Khmer Empire was a powerful mandala that lasted roughly from the 9th to the 15th centuries in what is now Cambodia
20Southeast Asia Empires From Southeast Asia had five powerful statesTrade within the region was important to their economiesUrbanization took place during this timeSpice trade- routes establishment of trading ports (coastal areas)
21Southeast Asia Colonialism A lot of Europeans began to arrive in Southeast Asia in 1509They used various business methods to take over much of Southeast Asia’s tradeBy the 20th century, Europeans had made most of Southeast Asia into colonies1st- colonial rulers set up centralized governments with set routines and regulations2nd- They forced the colonies to produce commodities that would help Europe
22Southeast Asia Independence Japan occupied Southeast Asia during WWII After the war ended, Southeast Asia leaders sought for independenceIndochina- A French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, tried for a long to time to gain independenceVietnam defeated the French in 1954 and gained independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam
23Southeast Asia Independence The United States became involved in South Vietnam to prevent takeover by Communist North VietnamThe conflict was called the Vietnam WarThe U.S. withdrew in 1973 and in 1975 South Vietnam surrendered and Vietnam became on country ruled by CommunistsCommunists took over Cambodia and Laos that year as well
27Warm-up 4/15Think about the chart we completed last Friday- What political and economic factors have influenced Southeast Asia?Describe in five complete sentences.
28Southeast Asia Agriculture is the main economic activity Several nations began to industrialize in the 1960’s, but industry is unevenly distributed across the region
29Southeast Asia Traditional Economies The people of Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam depend mostly on agriculture for incomeRice is the most important cropPolitical turmoil in Cambodia and Myanmar block growth
30Southeast Asia The Vietnam War Indochina- a French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and VietnamThe Vietnamese defeated the French in 1954 which won independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South VietnamThe U.S. became involved in South Vietnam to prevent its takeover by Communist North Vietnam
31Southeast Asia Industry and Finance Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand have more highly developed economies than others in the regionProcessing of agricultural products is the chief industryOther industries include the production of textiles, clothing, and electronic products
32Southeast Asia Singapore does have a huge finance industry Energy sources and mining are significantMany nations participate free enterprise system, free trade associations
33Southeast Asia Culture Religions diversity Southeast Asia has a lot of religious diversityBuddhism is widespreadPhilippines is mostly CatholicIndonesia and Brunei are mostly MuslimSome Southeast Asians practice Hinduism, others follow traditional local beliefs
34Southeast AsiaBuddhism and Hinduism have influenced the region’s sculpture and architectureSoutheast Asia is also famous for its performing arts and literatureThailand and Indonesia have traditional forms of danceIn Vietnam poetry is highly respected
35Southeast Asia Changing Lifestyles The villages Many Southeast Asians follow traditional ways however, a growing number of people are moving to cities and leading more modern livesThe villagesPeople live in wood houses built on stilts for protection against floodsRoofs are usually made of thatchSome wealthy families have tin roofsSome villagers still wear traditional clothingModern conveniences are starting to change village life
36Southeast Asia Changing Lifestyles The Cities Kuala Lampur, Malaysia and Singapore are examples of bustling cities with towering skyscrapers and modern business districtsMost people here live in apartmentsHousing shortage for people migrating to cities for jobsMany live in makeshift shacks in slums
37Questions 4/15 How did China and India influence Southeast Asia? How did the Vietnam War affect the economy?What is village life like in Southeast Asia?How has ASEAN helped to create a region within a region?
40What landmark is this?Angkor WatWhere is it located?CambodiaWhich culture created it?Hinduism- specifically the Khmer EmpireWhy/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening?It is a temple for Hinduism then became a Buddhist temple. It was built in the 12th century.What defining characteristics standout to out to you?It is the largest religious monument in the world