Presentation on theme: "Southeast Asia. Warm-up 4/7- What countries are part of Southeast Asia?"— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up 4/7- What countries are part of Southeast Asia?
Physical Geography One of the most populous and diverse regions in the world The land is defined by oceans and mountains which cause isolation Climate is tropical-humid throughout the year Monsoons affect this area Major cities are port cities- reflect the regions ties to global trade
Physical Geography The region is divided into two sub regions: – Mainland and island nations – Mainland nations include: Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam – The Malaysia peninsula is on the southern edge – Malaysia straddles the mainland and the island of Borneo. – The island nations include: Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, and East Timor – Most people in this region rely on agriculture and live in rural areas. – The region is located along the Ring of Fire- which affects settlement in the region
Warm-up 4/8 Todays warm-up is not a quote, but still answer the following question on Tuesday on your warm-up paper. How does the physical environment and location of resources determine and affect where people live in Southeast Asia?
Natural Disasters #1- Volcano Location- Indonesia – East Java- The most populated island here Effects- Killed three people, destroyed homes, canceled flights, and evacuated many people
Natural Disasters #2- Tsunami Location- Banda Aceh- a city in Indonesia Effects- It was triggered by a 9.1 magnitude earthquake – Hit Banda Aceh the hardest – Wiped out 1/3 of the city – Everything was flattened – Killed over 200,000 people – Displaced more than 500,000
Natural Disasters #3- Typhoon Location- Philippines Effects- Killed approximately 10,000 people – Collapsed buildings
Assignment Create a t-chart to analyze the benefits and challenges to living in Southeast Asia. BenefitsChallenges
1.What landmark is this? 1.Wat Arun- it is a Buddhist temple 2.Where is it located? 2.Bangkok, Thailand 3.Which culture created it? 3.Built during the Ayutthaya period by the Thai people 4.Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening? 4.Built in the 17 th century and it was built as a Buddhist temple 5. What defining characteristics standout to you?
Warm-up 4/10 Write down 10 things you see/hear in the video.
Warm-up 4/11 What are political and economic influences in Southeast Asia?
Southeast Asia Empires- Influences from China and India China ruled Vietnam from 111B.C. to A.D. 939 – Chinese art, technology, political ideas, and ethical beliefs shaped Vietnams culture Hinduism and Buddhism spread from India and influenced the religion and art in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia did keep some of its own traditions
Southeast Asia Empires Early Southeast Asia had mandalas- states organized as rings of power around a central court The Khmer Empire was a powerful mandala that lasted roughly from the 9 th to the 15 th centuries in what is now Cambodia
Southeast Asia Empires From Southeast Asia had five powerful states – Trade within the region was important to their economies – Urbanization took place during this time – Spice trade- routes establishment of trading ports (coastal areas)
Southeast Asia Colonialism – A lot of Europeans began to arrive in Southeast Asia in 1509 – They used various business methods to take over much of Southeast Asias trade – By the 20 th century, Europeans had made most of Southeast Asia into colonies – 1 st- colonial rulers set up centralized governments with set routines and regulations – 2 nd - They forced the colonies to produce commodities that would help Europe
Southeast Asia Independence – Japan occupied Southeast Asia during WWII – After the war ended, Southeast Asia leaders sought for independence – Indochina- A French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, tried for a long to time to gain independence – Vietnam defeated the French in 1954 and gained independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam
Southeast Asia Independence – The United States became involved in South Vietnam to prevent takeover by Communist North Vietnam – The conflict was called the Vietnam War – The U.S. withdrew in 1973 and in 1975 South Vietnam surrendered and Vietnam became on country ruled by Communists – Communists took over Cambodia and Laos that year as well
Warm-up 4/14- make two conclusions based on this map
Warm-up 4/15 Think about the chart we completed last Friday- What political and economic factors have influenced Southeast Asia? Describe in five complete sentences.
Southeast Asia Agriculture is the main economic activity Several nations began to industrialize in the 1960s, but industry is unevenly distributed across the region
Southeast Asia Traditional Economies – The people of Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam depend mostly on agriculture for income – Rice is the most important crop – Political turmoil in Cambodia and Myanmar block growth
Southeast Asia The Vietnam War – Indochina- a French colony made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam – The Vietnamese defeated the French in 1954 which won independence for Cambodia, Laos, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam – The U.S. became involved in South Vietnam to prevent its takeover by Communist North Vietnam
Southeast Asia Industry and Finance – Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand have more highly developed economies than others in the region – Processing of agricultural products is the chief industry – Other industries include the production of textiles, clothing, and electronic products
Southeast Asia Singapore does have a huge finance industry Energy sources and mining are significant Many nations participate free enterprise system, free trade associations
Southeast Asia Culture – Religions diversity Southeast Asia has a lot of religious diversity Buddhism is widespread Philippines is mostly Catholic Indonesia and Brunei are mostly Muslim Some Southeast Asians practice Hinduism, others follow traditional local beliefs
Southeast Asia Buddhism and Hinduism have influenced the regions sculpture and architecture Southeast Asia is also famous for its performing arts and literature Thailand and Indonesia have traditional forms of dance In Vietnam poetry is highly respected
Southeast Asia Changing Lifestyles – Many Southeast Asians follow traditional ways however, a growing number of people are moving to cities and leading more modern lives The villages – People live in wood houses built on stilts for protection against floods – Roofs are usually made of thatch – Some wealthy families have tin roofs – Some villagers still wear traditional clothing – Modern conveniences are starting to change village life
Southeast Asia Changing Lifestyles – The Cities Kuala Lampur, Malaysia and Singapore are examples of bustling cities with towering skyscrapers and modern business districts Most people here live in apartments Housing shortage for people migrating to cities for jobs Many live in makeshift shacks in slums
Questions 4/15 1.How did China and India influence Southeast Asia? 2.How did the Vietnam War affect the economy? 3.What is village life like in Southeast Asia? 4.How has ASEAN helped to create a region within a region?
1.What landmark is this? 1.Angkor Wat 2.Where is it located? 1.Cambodia 3.Which culture created it? 1.Hinduism- specifically the Khmer Empire 4.Why/when was this landmark created? Why is it happening? 1.It is a temple for Hinduism then became a Buddhist temple. It was built in the 12 th century. 5.What defining characteristics standout to out to you? 1.It is the largest religious monument in the world
Warm-up 4/17 What has influenced culture in Southeast Asia? You can just make a list for today.
Warm-up 4/18 6whkbZXs 6whkbZXs Come up with 10 ways people adapt to the environment in the video.