Presentation on theme: "Warm-up 10/8/2011 Is there any reason you would have to leave the United States over? Think about the perspective of an immigrant why could they possibly."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up 10/8/2011 Is there any reason you would have to leave the United States over? Think about the perspective of an immigrant why could they possibly want to leave their country?
Ch. 13 sec 1 Immigration
Old Immigrants came because 1846 The potato famine in Ireland 1862 Congress passes the Homestead Act which grants citizens 160 acres of land in the west. 1910 The Mexican Revolution Many Irish people to immigrate to America. Many immigrants want to come to America to own their own land. Thousands of people from Mexico come to the United States seeking employment.
Coming to America 1865-1914 25 million Europeans immigrated to the United States By the late 1890s Most of the people are from Eastern or Southern Europe Places like, Italy, Greece, Austria-Hungry Russia and Serbia
These People came Because Looking for work, wanted to purchase land It was the hope of escaping poverty Restrictions based on social class High food prices Religious persecution Forced Military service
Most immigrants came to the new world via steerage Steerage: The Cheapest accommodation on a steam ship. Read the Atlantic voyage section including the primary source on page 443 What are the descriptions that Edward Steiner describes?
Ellis Island Many new immigrants were first taken to Ellis Island The Island itself had a three story building that processed the new citizens. Each immigrant would have to go through series health exams before moving on into the country.
Ethnic Cities Immigrants lived in neighborhoods often separated into ethnic groups Little Italy or the Jewish Lower East Side How well immigrants adjusted depended on: 1. Learned English and adapted American culture 2. Market-able Skills or money 3. If they settled among members of their own ethnic group
Video notes On a separate sheet of paper answer the following. What are some of the problems faced by these ethnic cities. Who is solving these problems and how are they solving them.
Asian Immigration Angel Island Until 1910 Asian immigrants arrived in San Francisco at a two story shed. January 1910, California opened a barracks on Angel Island for Asian Immigration Most were young men and teens or twenties, who awaited the results of their immigrations hearings On the walls several immigrants wrote poems which have become known as angel Island poems
Nativism The extreme dislike of immigrants by native born people. Surfaced during the heavy wave of Irish and then Chinese and Jewish Led to anti-immigrant organizations like American Protective Association (anti- Catholic )
In the West Chinese Exclusion Act: 1882 Congress passed this act to barred Chinese immigration for 10 yrs and prevented Chinese already in the U.S. from becoming citizens.
Political cartoons On the same sheet paper as your video notes analyze the following political cartoons. Take 4 minutes for each cartoon. On your own consider the following: What is being depicted in the picture? What point do you think the author is trying to make?
Letter writing Assignment Times New Roman 12 font single spaced at least ¾ of a page Due 10/10/12 Write a letter to your family from the perspective of an immigrant coming to the U.S. Use/ mention the following vocab. words, Steerage, nativism, ethnic, and Angel or Ellis island Your letter should answer the following questions What country are you coming from and why are you leaving? What do you hope to achieve in America and where are you going to live? What was your experience like on Ellis Island or Angel Island? Use your notes / the power point to write this
Chapter 13 section 2 Urbanization
Growth of cities The physical appearance of cities changed dramatically. As land prices went up so did the emphasis on building Skyscrapers began to dot city sky line Louis Sullivan was the mind behind this movement.
Separation of classes High society: A small group in society established fashionable districts. Middle class: Generally workers in the industrial factories. Eventually they would move from the central city to escape the pollution. The working class: People who lived and worked in an urban environment, their major goal was to own a home. Lived in dark multi family apartments., Known as tenements.
Urban problems Crime was a growing problem in cities. both major and minor crimes grew. Jacobb Riiis brought these issues along with housing problems in the other half.
Political machines As cites grew so did the corruption of local government. Political machines: were informal political group designed to gain an keep power because cities grown faster the government New city dwellers needs homes and jobs. The party bosses who controlled these machines were able to provide this. In exchange for votes.