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By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

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2 By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

3 Art and Patronage Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art. / Art communicated social, political, and spiritual values. / Italian banking & international trade interests had the money. Public art in Florence was organized and supported by guilds. Therefore, the consumption of art was used as a form of competition for social & political status!

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5 1. Realism & Expression Expulsion from the Garden Masaccio 1427 First nudes since classical times.

6 2. Perspective Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! Perspective! First use of linear perspective! Perspective! Perspective! The Trinity Masaccio 1427 What you are, I once was; what I am, you will become.

7 Perspective

8 3. Classicism Greco-Roman influence. Secularism. Humanism. Individualism free standing figures. Symmetry/Balance The Classical Pose Medici Venus (1c)

9 4. Emphasis on Individualism Batista Sforza & Federico de Montefeltre: The Duke & Dutchess of Urbino Piero della Francesca,

10 Isabella dEste – da Vinci, 1499  First Lady of the Italian Renaissance. Great patroness of the arts. Known during her time as First Lady of the World!

11 5. Geometrical Arrangement of Figures The Dreyfus Madonna with the Pomegranate Leonardo da Vinci 1469 The figure as architecture!

12 6. Light & Shadowing/Softening Edges Chiaroscuro Sfumato

13 7. Artists as Personalities/Celebrities Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects Giorgio Vasari 1550

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15 Renaissance Florence The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, 1570 The Wool Factory by Mirabello Cavalori, – first gold florins minted 1252 – first gold florins minted Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark Florentine lion: symbol of St. Mark

16 Lorenzo the Magnificent Cosimo de Medici

17 Florence Under the Medici Medici Chapel Medici Chapel The Medici Palace

18 Filippo Brunelleschi Architect Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore

19 Filippo Brunelleschi Commissioned to build the cathedral dome. / Used unique architectural concepts. He studied the ancient Pantheon in Rome. Used ribs for support.

20 Brunelleschis Secret

21 Brunelleschis Dome

22 Comparing Domes

23 Other Famous Domes Il Duomo St. Peters St. Pauls US capital (Florence) (Rome) (London) (Washington)

24 The Ideal City Piero della Francesca, 1470

25 A Contest to Decorate the Cathedral: Sacrifice of Isaac Panels BrunelleschiGhiberti

26 Ghiberti – Gates of Paradise Baptistry Door, Florence – The Winner!

27 David by Donatello 1430 First free-form bronze since Roman times! The Liberation of Sculpture

28 David Verrocchio David Verrocchio

29 The Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, The Baptism of Christ Verrocchio, Leonardo da Vinci

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31 Vitruvian Man Leonardo da Vinci 1492 The Luomo universale

32 The Renaissance Man Broad knowledge about many things in different fields. Deep knowledge/skill in one area. Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge. The Greek ideal of the well-rounded man was at the heart of Renaissance education.

33 1. Self-Portrait -- da Vinci, Artist Sculptor Architect Scientist Engineer Inventor

34 Leonardo, the Artist The Virgin of the Rocks Leonardo da Vinci 

35 Leonardo, the Artist: From hisNotebooks of over 5000 pages ( )

36 Mona Lisa – da Vinci,

37 A Macaroni Mona Parody The Best Form of Flattery?

38 A Picasso Mona

39 An Andy Warhol Mona

40 A Monaca Lewinsky

41 Mona Lisa OR da Vinci??

42 The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498 & Geometry

43 Refractory Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan

44 horizontal vertical Perspective! The Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498

45 Detail of Jesus The Last Supper Leonardo da Vinci 1498 Deterioration

46 A Da Vinci Code: St. John or Mary Magdalene?

47 Leonardo, the Sculptor An Equestrian Statue 

48 Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Study of a central church. 1488

49 Leonardo, the Architect: Pages from his Notebook Plan of the city of Imola, 1502.

50 Leonardo, the Scientist (Biology): Pages from his Notebook An example of the humanist desire to unlock the secrets of nature.

51 Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook

52 Leonardo, the Inventor: Pages from his Notebook

53 Man Can Fly?

54 A study of siege defenses. Studies of water-lifting devices. Leonardo, the Engineer: Pages from his Notebook

55 Leonardo da Vinci…. O investigator, do not flatter yourself that you know the things nature performs for herself, but rejoice in knowing that purpose of those things designed by your own mind.

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57 2. Michelangelo Buonorrati 1475 – 1564 He represented the body in three dimensions of sculpture.

58 David Michelangelo Buonarotti 1504 Marble

59 15c 15c 16c 16c What a difference a century makes!

60 The Pieta Michelangelo Buonarroti 1499 marble The Popes as Patrons of the Arts

61 The Sistine Chapel Michelangelo Buonarroti

62 The Sistine Chapels Ceiling Michelangelo Buonarroti

63 The Sistine Chapel Details The Creation of the Heavens

64 The Sistine Chapel Details Creation of Man

65 A Modern Adaptation Joe Gallo in the New York Daily News, 2004

66 The Sistine Chapel Details The Fall from Grace

67 The Sistine Chapel Details The Last Judgment

68 3. Raffaello Sanzio ( ) Self-Portrait, 1506 Portrait of the Artist with a Friend, 1518

69 Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael, Castiglione represented the humanist gentleman as a man of refinement and self-control.

70 Perspective!Perspective! Betrothal of the Virgin Raphael1504

71 Raphaels Canagiani Madonna, 1507

72 Raphaels Madonnas (1) Sistine Madonna Cowpepper Madonna

73 Madonna della Sedia Alba Madonna Raphaels Madonnas (2)

74 The School of Athens – Raphael, One point perspective. All of the important Greek philosophers and thinkers are included all of the great personalities of the Seven Liberal Arts! A great variety of poses. Located in the papal apartments library. Raphael worked on this commission simultaneously as Michelangelo was doing the Sistine Chapel. No Christian themes here.

75 The School of Athens – Raphael, Raphael Da Vinci Michelangelo

76 Aristotle: looks to this earth [the here and now]. Plato: looks to the heavens [or the IDEAL realm]. The School of Athens – Raphael, details

77 Averroes Hypatia Pythagoras

78 Zoroaster Ptolemy Euclid

79 The Liberation of St. Peter by Raphael, 1514

80 Portrait of Pope Julius II by Raphael, More concerned with politics than with theology. The Warrior Pope. Great patron of Renaissance artists, especially Raphael & Michelangelo. Died in 1513

81 Pope Leo X with Cardinal Giulio deMedici and Luigi De Rossi by Raphael, A Medici Pope. He went through the Vatican treasury in a year! His extravagances offended even some cardinals [as well as Martin Luther!]. Started selling indulgences.

82 Birth of Venus – Botticelli, 1485 An attempt to depict perfect beauty.

83 Botticellis Venus Motif. 10¢ Italian Euro coin Euro Coin

84 Primavera – Botticelli, 1482 Depicted classical gods as almost naked and life-size.

85 A Portrait of Savonarola By Fra Bartolomeo, Dominican friar who decried money and power. Anti-humanist he saw humanism as too secular, hedonistic, and corrupting. The Bonfire of the Vanities, /Burned books, artwork, jewelry, and other luxury goods in public. /Even Botticelli put some of his paintings on the fire!!

86 The Execution of Savonarola, 1452

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88 The Doge, Leonardo Loredon Berlini, 1501

89 Venus of Urbino – Titian, 1558

90 The Penitent Mary Magdalene by Titian, 1533 By the mid-16c, High Renaissance art was declining. Mannerism became more popular. This painting is a good example of this new artistic style.


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