Seas and Penninsulas Sea Red Dead Caspian – largest landlocked Aral Peninsula Arabian Sinai Anatolia
Rivers Nile – fertile along the banks Tigris and Euphrates Rivers- Mesopotamia ( land between two rivers) Rivers responsible for civilization The Aswan High Dam control rivers flow and deposits of ____________.
Plains, Plateaus, and Mountains Lush coastal planes Atlas Mountains Morocco to Algeria Caucasus mountains (north of Mount Arant between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea)
Earthquakes The shifting of the African and Arabian plates cause the Red Sea to Widen
Climate and Vegetation Water precious Desert climate Sahara Qizilquim Garagum Steppe Climate 2 nd largest climatic region patorialism
Climatic variations Export and tourists Mediterranean – citrus fruits, olives, and grapes Rainfall Coastal and highlands near mountain ranges – most rainfall
Many Peoples Why ethnic diversity ? Arabs 275 million Israelis 6.4 million 82% are Jewish God gave them the area permanent home land. Explain the issue between the Arabs and the Israelis
Many People Turks Present day Turkey Explain why Turkey has a mixed culture. Iranians and Afghans 66 million people live there Mostly practice Islam
Many People Caucasian People 50 ethnic groups Armenia and Georgia Turkic Peoples Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan Kurds Border areas of where ?
Population and Resources Control of a vital resource What is the main issue? 30% of water comes from sea of Galilee Population Growth List the countries that have 66 million, between 24 million and 31.7 Urbanization Which places dominate Urban culture? Why have problems arose?
Prehistoric people Hunter and gatherer Domestication
Early Civilizations Mesopotamia Area between the Tigris and Euphrates 1 st cultural Hearth Fertile Crescent – Sumerians Cuneiform Nile Ancient Egyptians heiroglyphics
Empires and Trade Phoenician Eastern Mediterranean coast 1 st alphabet Persian Empire 500 BC Qantas 100 BC silk road
Three Major Religions Judaism Oldest monotheistic Torah – Hebrew Bible Jerusalem Worship in a synagogues, rabbi – offical Christianity AD 30 Life and teachings of Jesus Hebrew bible ( old testament) and new testament – bible Islam AD 610 prophet Muhammad Quran Mosque Five pillars of Islam
The Modern Era Crusades – Mongol invasions Nationalism Independence Rose after WWII Arab – Israeli Conflict Summarize! Israelis and Palestinians Summarize! War in Afghanistan War on terror
Religion Sunni Muslim Shiite Muslim Christian Judaism What is the difference between a shiite and Sunni muslim?
Languages List the different languages in this region
The Arts- Art and Architecture Mesopotamia Ziggurats Egyptians Pyramids Mosques
Everyday Life Many people live in high rise apartments Bazaar –
Meeting Food Needs Arable Fishing is important in this region
Industrial Growth What are the main commodities in this region? Petrochemicals - GDP -
Transportation and Communiccations Roads, railroads, and airlines Waterways and pipelines What is the importance of the Strait of Hormuz ? What is the importance of the Suez Canal? Significance of Baku