Presentation on theme: "Revolutions 6/3/13 OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate mastery of Chapter#19- The French Revolution & begin examination of Socialism & Communism."— Presentation transcript:
Revolutions 6/3/13 OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate mastery of Chapter#19- The French Revolution & begin examination of Socialism & Communism. MCSS WH I. Chapter#19 Test -Test on Chapter#19 sections (1-5) II. Journal#26pt.A -Examine the map on p.514 & Answer questions (1-3) p.514 -Examine the graph on p.515 & Answer the caption question on p.515 III. Journal#26pt.B -notes on socialism & communism IV. Homework Due Monday 6/10/13 1.) Read Chapter#20 section#4 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Read Chapter#21 section#1 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.530 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
Karl Marx In the mid-1800s German born economic historian Karl Marx put together a theory called Communism His theory was based on the idea that the story of history is a struggle between the haves and the have nots The haves exploited the have nots and captured the surplus He predicted that the have nots would over throw the haves in a violent and bloody revolution during the final days of capitalism.
Life in the Cities The industrial revolution brought positive changes like new jobs & higher productivity But, the cities were cramped and over crowded. Working class families were crowded into small apartments that had no running water or sewage Disease spread rapidly.
The Industrial Revolution Spreads Started in Britain in the 1750s Spread to the United States, Belgium, and France in the 1850s Spread to Germany & Italy in the 1870s Japan in the 1890s.
Revolutions 6/4/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine nationalism in Europe. MCSS WH I. Journal#27pt.A -Examine the map on p.586 -Answer questions (1-3) p.586 -Examine the map on p.594 -Answer questions (1-3) p.594 II. Return of Chapter#19 Test III. Journal#27pt.B -notes on the challenges of nationalism IV. Homework due Monday 6/10/13 1.) Read Chapter#20 section#4 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Read Chapter#21 section#1 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.530 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
Revolts in France 1830 &1848 What were the causes of the revolt in 1830? What were the results of the revolt of 1830? What were the causes of the revolt in 1848? What were the results of the revolt in 1848?
Europe Catches Cold What were the causes of the revolt in Belgium in 1830? What was the result in Belgium 1831? What happened in Poland in 1830? Was it successful why or why not? Who was Metternich? What happened in Italy? What happened in Germany?
The Causes of WWI Nationalism Industrial Revolution This caused European nations to build over seas empires. They carved up most of Asia & Africa using their military & economic power. Failure of the Congress of Vienna (1814) to draw National borders based on National culture.
New Powers in Europe By the 1890s new industrial & economic powers emerge in Europe. They were the newly united nations of Germany & Italy. Nationalism and colonial rivalries led to increased military spending. Huge navies were built, and in 1914 one bullet led to war.
Alliance System The assassination of the heir to the throne of the Austria- Hungarian empire by a Slavic nationalist led to war. Franz Ferdinand.
Alliances Following the Franco-Prussian War the powers of Europe formed an uneasy peace. Fearing retaliation from France for taking the frontier region them, Germany formed an alliance (Triple Alliance) with Austria-Hungary, & Italy. Opposing this alliance was the Triple Entente, Great Britain, France, & Russia.
Split in World Powers on the eve of WWI Industrial Empires Britain (1700s) U.S.A. (1800s) France (1800s) Germany (1880s) Italy (1880s) Agricultural Empires Russia Ottoman Austria-Hungary
Queen Victoria She was the Queen of England. A common practice among royal families was to have one of you children marry a child of one of your enemies to prevent war. At the beginning of WWI, three of her Grandchildren were the leaders of European nations.
The Grandchildren Tsar Nicholas & King George V commons/thumb/6/6f/200px-KaiserBill2.jpg Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia
Revolutions 6/5/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine Wheel of Fortune. MCSS WH I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. CONNECTIONS -questions on episode#5 Wheel of Fortune III. Homework due Friday 6/3/11 1.) Read Chapter#20 section#4 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Read Chapter#21 section#1 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.530 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
Revolutions 6/6/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine nationalism in Europe. MCSS WH I. Journal#28pt.A -Examine the map on p.597 -Answer questions (1-3) p.597 -Examine the map on p.604 -Is Eastern Europe diverse? II. Journal#28pt.B -notes on the challenges of nationalism and World Wars III. Homework due Monday 6/10/13 1.) Read Chapter#20 section#4 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Read Chapter#21 section#1 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.530 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
The Outbreak of War June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (German Speaking) assassinated by Serbian Nationalist (Slavic Speaker). Austria held Serbia responsible for the assassination. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. July 30th - Russia (Slavic) declared war on Austria- Hungary. August 1 st - Germany declared war on Russia. August 3 rd – Germany declared war on France. Belgium refused to let Germany cross through its territory to attack France, so: August 3 rd – Germany declared war on Neutral Belgium August 4 th – Great Britain Declared war on Germany. October 19th – The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia, France, & Great Britain.
European Alliances WWI
The War to End all Wars The Industrialization Revolution led to the mass production of weapons. The Machine Gun. Chemical Weapons. The only way to get out of the way of the bullets was to dig a hole. Trench War Fare.
The United States In March 1917 the U.S. declares war on Germany The war ends in the 11 th hour on the 11 th day in the 11th month The war killed over 9 million troops & 5 million civilians.
The Causes of WWII When WWI ended the allies (France & Britain) imposed a harsh peace on the former central powers (Germany, Italy, & Austria Hungary) They blamed Germany & Austria-Hungary for the war and wanted them to pay for it. The harsh peace led to economic crisis in the former central powers that gave rise to radical dictators.
Italy Benito Mussolini Wanted to rebuild the Roman Empire. He started by invading N. Africa & Albania. He was a terrible General and was eventually killed by the Italian people toward the end of WWII.
Germany Adolf Hitler He was born in Austria, but fought for Germany in WWI. He blamed the Jews for Germanys defeat in WWI and for the economic depression in Germany. He won control of the democratic government & made himself the ruler of the nation. He then rebuilt the German military violating the agreement that ended WWI.
Hitler Expands Hitler ceased control of Austria in 1938 & demanded that Czechoslovakia give him control of the German speaking territory of the Sudetenland. On September 1, 1939, German forces invaded Poland, igniting WWII.
Revolutions 6/7/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine Thunder in the Skies. MCSS WH I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. CONNECTIONS -notes on episode#6 Thunder in the Skies III. Homework due Monday 6/10/13 1.) Read Chapter#20 section#4 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Read Chapter#21 section#1 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.530 *Pick 4 questions of your choice