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Census 2011: Final Results Michael Pace Ross Silvan Zammit 20 May 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Census 2011: Final Results Michael Pace Ross Silvan Zammit 20 May 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Census 2011: Final Results Michael Pace Ross Silvan Zammit 20 May 2014

2 Results: Persons and Households

3 Population growth Total population in 2011 stood at 417,432

4 4,178 persons were residing abroad one year prior to the Census The vast majority were Maltese and British Immigration CitizenshipCount% Maltese 1, British Somali Eritrean Italian German Nigerian Bulgarian Swedish

5 Non-Maltese: 20,289 (4.9%) Total Population: 417,432 Maltese: 397,143 (95.1%) EU: 8,074 (39.8%) Non-EU: 12,215 (60.2%) Population by Citizenship

6 Non-Maltese: 20,289 (4.9%) Total Population: 417,432 Maltese: 397,143 (95.1%) CitizenshipCount% British 6, Somali 1, Italian Bulgarian German Russian Eritrean Serbian Swedish Libyan Population by Citizenship

7 More than 97.5% of those who were in Malta one year prior to the Census resided in the same district of residence where they were enumerated -Of these, 98.6% remained in the same dwelling -Nearly 6,000 persons moved to another dwelling in the same locality -More than 10,000 moved to an other dwelling in another locality Internal migration

8 Population by District Total Population: 417,432

9 16 localities had more than 10,000 residents, with an average of 7,149 in Malta and 2,241 in Gozo Trends observed in past years by region continued to emerge: -The population in the Southern Harbour District continued to decrease while the population in the Northern District continued its sharp increase -The largest locality remained Birkirkara with 21,749 residents, followed by Mosta and St. Pauls Bay, with 19,750 and 16,395 residents respectively -The smallest locality remained Mdina (239 residents) Population by District

10 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

11 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

12 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

13 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

14 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

15 Total Population: 417,432 Population by District

16 Population density

17 National level: Malta (1,566 persons/km 2 ) was three times more densely populated than Gozo (457 persons/km 2 ) District level: The Northern Harbour District (5,014 persons/km 2 ) and Southern Harbour District (3,035 persons/km 2 ) were the two most densely populated districts in Malta. Population density Locality level: -The three most densely populated localities in Malta were Senglea (17,146 persons/km 2 ) followed by Tas-Sliema (10,511 persons/km 2 ) and Fgura (10,019 persons/km 2 ) -Għasri, the least densely populated locality in the Maltese islands (86 persons/km 2 ), was the only locality which was in- line with the overall EU average

18 Total Population: 417,432 Private households [152,980]: 408,783 (97.9%) Institutions [250]: 8,649 (2.1%) DistrictNumber% Southern Harbour 29, Northern Harbour 46, South Eastern 22, Western 19, Northern 24, Gozo and Comino 11, Population by Household characteristics

19 Total Population: 417,432 Institutions [250]: 8,649 (2.1%) Household sizeNumber% 134, , , , , Population by Household characteristics Private households [152,980]: 408,783 (97.9%)

20 Total Population: 417,432 Household compositionNumber% One-person household, under 302, One-person household, years old17, One-person household, 65+14, Two adults, no dependent children - both adults under 65 years old 19, Two adults, no dependent children - at least one of the adults , Other households without dependent children 25, Single-parent household, one or more dependent children 5, Two adults, one dependent child14, Two adults, two dependent children15, Two adults, three or more dependent children 4, Other households with dependent children 13, Population by Household characteristics Institutions [250]: 8,649 (2.1%) Private households [152,980]: 408,783 (97.9%)

21 TypeNumber% Homes for the elderly 3, Open centres/ Refugee homes1, Convents1, Rehabilitation centres Hospitals Establishments for the disabled Total Population: 417,432 Population by Household characteristics Institutions [250]: 8,649 (2.1%) Private households [152,980]: 408,783 (97.9%)

22 In 2011, the resident population still comprised more females than males, although the gap between the two sexes continued to narrow, as observed in previous years In fact, males (207,625) continued to increase at a higher rate than females (209,807) since 1957 Gender distribution All persons

23 Shift in age composition of the population towards an older population continued to materialise Persons aged 65 and over represented 16.3 per cent of the total population compared to 14.8 per cent of persons aged 0-14 Average age of the resident population increased to 40.5 in 2011 (with an increased standard deviation of 22.4 years) -68.2% of the population is between 18 and 63 years of age The average age in Gozo and Comino (41.7 years) was higher than that observed on the mainland (40.4 years) Age distribution

24 Mdina was the locality with the oldest population (52.4 years on average), followed by Floriana (48.4 years), Ħal Luqa and Tas-Sliema (48.2 years) Age distribution by locality was highly influenced by the presence of institutional households (e.g. Homes for the elderly) Pembroke, Xgħajra and Mtarfa had the smallest average age (less than 35 years) In particular, in Pembroke the average age stood at 33.4 years Age distribution

25 Maltas population was still relatively young compared to the EU Maltas old-age dependency ratio stood at 23.7 per cent, compared to 26.8 per cent across the EU However, a remarkable increase was seen over the past years The old-age-dependency ratio is defined as the proportion of persons aged 65 and over divided by the working-age population of persons aged 15 to 64 Age distribution: Malta within the EU

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27 Marital status and fertility More than half the population aged 16 and over was married (56.2%) The number of persons who were legally separated continued to increase sharply, reaching nearly 16,000, or 4.6% Another 1,984 were divorced On average females gave birth for the first time at age of 25 The average age at first marriage for males was 26.4 years, while for females it stood at 23.9 Both the age at first marriage and the age at first live birth were found to be highly dependent on education

28 Marital status and fertility

29 83,102 persons, or 19.9% of the population, suffered from a long-term illness, disease and/or chronic condition -Of these, 3,943 resided in institutions. Health

30 30,183 persons, or 7.3% of the population, have some form of disability or difficulty -Of these, 2,851 resided in institutions Health

31 Nearly a third of those who had some form of disability or difficulty had a physical disability, which was the most common type of disability Health

32 The literacy rate went up to 93.6%, resulting in 24,074 persons being illiterate (6.4% of persons aged 10 and over) Highest literacy rate was found in the Northern District (96.0%) as opposed to the Southern Harbour District, where the lowest rate was observed (90.7%) However, literacy was found to be highly related to age and in fact, older districts exhibited higher illiteracy rates Education

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35 14.1% of persons aged 15 and over have a Tertiary level of education, while another 5.3% have a Post-Secondary Non- Tertiary level Similarly as for the literacy rate, the highest level of education is also influenced by age, and different patterns emerge at district level 31,998 persons (8.5%) aged 10 and over are not able to communicate in English at all, while another 35,675 (9.1%) speak only a little English 20,260 persons (5.4%) either speak a little Maltese or do not speak it at all

36 Labour Nearly half the population aged 15 and over was gainfully occupied, with 48.3%, or 171,855 persons Contrasting results are observed at gender level: -The majority of males aged 15 or more were gainfully occupied (106,784 or 60.7%) while the majority of females took care of the house or family (75,225 or 41.8%) -Another 65,071 females were gainfully occupied (36.2%) Different patterns were observed when analysing data by age- group with almost similar percentages (42-44%) being observed for persons aged who are gainfully occupied

37 Labour Most females worked as service and sales workers (27.3%), professionals (21.1%) and clerical support workers (17.8%) Most males were employed as craft and related trade workers (17.0%), service and sales workers (15.1%) and technicians and associated professional (14.2%)

38 Labour More than a third of all gainfully occupied persons worked in the Northern Harbour District (34.1%), followed by the Southern Harbour District (24.1%) 17,421 persons or 10.1% did not have fixed place of work, with the majority (85.2%) being males

39 The largest proportion of non-Maltese nationals were males (52.5 per cent) while nearly one-fourth were aged between 25 and per cent resided in the Northern Harbour District as opposed to 28.4 per cent of Maltese nationals A smaller percentage (7.6 per cent) of non-Maltese residents resided in the Southern Harbour District when compared to Maltese residents (19.6 per cent) On average non-Maltese nationals claimed to possess a higher level of education than their Maltese counterparts Characteristics of Non-Maltese nationals

40 Results: Dwellings

41 Dwelling Stock Stock of dwellings in 2011 stood at 223,850

42 Dwelling Stock: Distribution by District Dwelling Stock: 223,850 St Pauls Bay was the locality with the largest number of dwellings (17,593) followed by Tas-Sliema (10,651) and Birkirkara (9,977) Mdina (144), Għasri (370) and San Lawrenz (513) had the lowest number of dwellings

43 Unoccupied: 71,080 (31.8%) Occupied: 152,770 (68.2%) Seasonal or secondary use: 29,848 (42.0%) Completely vacant: 41,232 (58.0%) Dwelling Stock: 223,850 Dwelling Stock: Occupancy Status

44 Unoccupied: 71,080 (31.8%) Occupied: 152,770 (68.2%) Dwelling Stock: 223,850 Dwelling Stock: Occupancy Status

45 Unoccupied: 71,080 (31.8%) Occupied: 152,770 (68.2%) Dwelling Stock: 223,850 Dwelling Stock: Occupancy Status

46 Dwelling Stock: 223,850 The highest occupancy rate was recorded in Santa Luċija (95.4%), followed by Pembroke (91.6%) and Mtarfa (90.1%) Żebbuġ [including Marsalforn] had the lowest occupancy rate (19.1%) followed by Munxar [including Xlendi] (27.1%) and St Pauls Bay (42.0%) Dwelling Stock: Occupancy Status

47 Dwelling Stock: Type of dwellings Dwelling Stock: 223,850 Around three-fourths of dwellings in St Pauls Bay (77.5%) and Żebbuġ (74.4%) were flats, apartments or penthouses In contrast, almost half the dwellings in Gozo and Comino (46.7%) were terraced or townhouses

48 In general, the state of repair of dwellings perceived by respondents was good Two out of three dwellings were in a good state 4.4% were in need of serious repairs or dilapidated 3.1% were in shell form Dwellings found in the Northern Harbour District were in the best state as opposed to those in the Southern Harbour District Pembroke had the highest proportion of dwellings in a good state of repair (78.8%) In contrast, Valletta had the lowest proportion of dwellings in a good state of repair (41.4%) Dwelling Stock: State of Repair

49 Distribution of occupied dwellings varied significantly by region: In the Northern and Northern Harbour District the majority of dwellings were flats, apartments or penthouses (39.4% and 38.5% respectively) In the Southern Harbour District the largest share of occupied dwellings were maisonettes or ground floor tenements (35.4%) Terraced houses or townhouses prevailed in the other districts St Pauls Bay ranked first with regard to flats, apartments or penthouses (73.2%), followed by Ta Xbiex (70.2%) and Valletta (63.8%) Occupied Dwellings: Type of Dwellings

50 Malta Gozo and Comino Total Type No.% % % Terraced house/Townhouse 45, , , Semi-detached house 5, , Fully-detached house 2, , Maisonette/ Ground floor tenement 42, , , Flat/Apartment/Penthouse 43, , , Semi-/Fully detached farmhouse 1, , Other The majority of occupied dwellings were terraced or townhouses, followed by flats, apartments or penthouses Occupied Dwellings: Type of Dwellings

51 Nearly three-fourths (74.5%) of occupied dwellings were perceived to be in a good state of repair Ħal Kirkop, Ħal Għargħur, Ħad-Dingli ranked first with regard to the proportion of occupied dwellings in good state of repair Mdina, Valletta and Floriana ranked first with regard to the proportion of dwellings in need of serious repairs Flats, apartments or penthouses (79.0%) ranked first in terms of the highest proportion of occupied dwellings in a good state of repair, followed by semi-detached houses (78.0%) and maisonettes or ground floor tenements (73.0%) State of repair was highly related to the year of construction, and the geographical location of dwellings Occupied Dwellings: State of Repair

52 19 per cent of occupied dwellings were constructed prior to 1946, of which 10.3% were built before 1919 The majority of occupied dwellings constructed before 1991 were terraced houses or townhouses (41.3%) Flats, apartments and penthouses built after 1990 amounted to 47.9% of the occupied dwellings Dwellings in the Northern District were relatively new compared to those in other districts, with those in the Southern Harbour and Northern Harbour Districts being the oldest Nearly two-thirds of occupied dwellings constructed after 2001 were flats, apartments or penthouses Occupied Dwellings: Period of Construction

53 The number of rooms was directly linked to the type of dwelling as well as the period of construction Nearly 50% of occupied dwellings had either five or six rooms The majority of dwellings were composed of two members (27.9%), followed by one member (22.6%) and three members (21.4%) Average number of members in private households stood at 2.7 Younger reference persons were more likely to reside in flats, apartments, penthouses, maisonettes or ground floor tenements Occupied Dwellings: Rooms and members

54 : 29,505 (19.3%) 1945 or earlier:29,085 (19.0%) 1945 or earlier:29,085 (19.0%) : 51,371 (33.6%) : 19,423 (12.7%) : 23,386 (15.3%) Occupied dwellings: 152,770 Occupied Dwellings: Period of Construction 19 per cent of occupied dwellings were constructed prior to 1946, of which 10.3% were built before 1919 The majority of occupied dwellings constructed before 1991 were terraced houses or townhouses (41.3%) Flats, apartments and penthouses built after 1990 amounted to 47.9% Dwellings in the Northern District were relatively new compared to those in other districts, with those in the Southern Harbour and Northern Harbour Districts being the oldest Nearly two-thirds of occupied dwellings constructed after 2001 were flats, apartments or penthouses

55 85.4% of the occupied dwellings in Gozo and Comino were owned freehold; this stood at 50.1% in the Southern Harbour District Almost a third of dwellings located in the Southern Harbour District were rented, compared to 23.4% in the Northern Harbour District and 6.8% in Gozo and Comino Dwellings used free-of-charge in Gozo and Comino amounted to 4.4% while in Malta this was equal to 2.6% Occupied Dwellings: Tenure Status More than three-fourths of occupied dwellings were either owned freehold or with ground rent (76.4%) District level

56 Occupied Dwellings: Tenure Status Locality level Ta Kerċem (90.6%), Ta Sannat (89.5%) and Xewkija (89.5%) ranked first with owned freehold occupied dwellings More than a third (34.8%) of occupied dwellings in Fgura were owned with ground rent Valletta (66.8%), Cospicua (62.8%) and Ħal Tarxien (61.5%) had the highest proportion of rented unfurnished dwellings Nearly a quarter (24.5%) of occupied dwellings in St Pauls Bay were rented furnished Żebbuġ had the highest proportion of used free-of-charge (9.8%)

57 56,296 dwellings paid some form of rent or emphtyeusis to a landlord Of these, 71.2% paid a private landlord, 26.2% the government and 2.6% the church Tenure Status Southern Harbour Northern Harbour South Eastern WesternNorthern Gozo and Comino Ground rent Rented unfurnished Rented furnished2,1034,2003,0003,600 2,520 Held by emphyteusis Rented Occupied Dwellings: Tenure Status

58 Rent varied significantly by locality, with the largest rents for unfurnished dwellings in Malta being observed in Swieqi (3,600), St Pauls Bay (2,400) and Marsascala (1,062) Highest rates for furnished property were recorded in Swieqi and Ħal Lija (6,000) and St Julians (5,741) In Gozo and Comino, the highest rates for furnished and unfurnished dwellings were recorded in Ta Kercem (3,592) and Qala (4,752) respectively

59 On a national level, nearly all occupied dwellings (over 99%) had most basic amenities, including: kitchen/kitchenette, bath/shower, toilet facilities, water supply system 536 dwellings had no kitchen/kitchenette while 564 had no bath/shower (highest proportions observed in the Southern Harbour District) Another 103 dwellings did not have any toilet facilities (the majority being observed in Gozo and Comino) 38 dwellings did not have any connection to a public or private water source The availability of such amenities was related to the number of members residing in the dwelling, the age of reference person and the type of dwelling Availability of Amenities

60 Availability of Household Appliances

61 Members residing in 56,713 dwelling (37.1%) owned at least one garage, while 13,593 (8.9%) rented at least one garage Of those who rented one garage, 68.7 per cent lived in maisonettes, ground floor tenements, flats, apartments or penthouses Owned and Rented Garages

62 12,450 holiday dwellings were enumerated, of which more than half were located in the Northern District (52.3%) and Gozo and Comino (25.6%) Another 283 dwellings, or 2.3%, were located overseas The largest proportion of holiday dwellings were flats or apartments or penthouses, with 8,052 units or 54.7% Maisonettes or ground floor tenements and garages or boathouses followed with 1,625 and 1,143 respectively 92.5% of such dwellings were either owned freehold or with ground rent, while 3.7% were rented Holiday dwellings

63 Out of 71,080 unoccupied dwellings, more than half (53.0%) consisted of flats, apartments or penthouses Terraced houses, townhouses, maisonettes or ground floor tenements followed with 26.2% and 15.5% respectively The majority of vacant dwellings were found in St Pauls Bay (10,196), Tas-Sliema (4,353) and (3,376) Żebbuġ More than two out of every three vacant dwellings were in a good state of repair or needed minor repair Less than 10.0% were in a dilapidated state or needed serious repairs Unoccupied dwellings

64 Thank You


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