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Urban Growth and Decline Stage 5 Geography. Cities are always changing Urban consolidation Urban decline Gentrification Urban renewal Change involves.

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Presentation on theme: "Urban Growth and Decline Stage 5 Geography. Cities are always changing Urban consolidation Urban decline Gentrification Urban renewal Change involves."— Presentation transcript:

1 Urban Growth and Decline Stage 5 Geography

2 Cities are always changing Urban consolidation Urban decline Gentrification Urban renewal Change involves four urban processes

3 Focus: ICT in the Stage 5 Geography Syllabus Geography (Mandatory) Stage 5 requires students to: access, collect and interpret electronic information. critically analyse a website, including the ethics of the site design and create a multimedia presentation or webpage to communicate geographical information to a particular audience, including maps and diagrams as appropriate import data from other ICT applications into student research findings design and create a simple database from student research create a formatted, multiple-paged document containing web-links to communicate geographical information

4 This action research project is to encourage students to: review models, make notes and gather secondary data on urban structure and process. access, collect and interpret electronic information using the Internet, Moodle & SSC Leichhardt Geog Blog use ABS - Sydney a Social Atlas 2006, ABS Community profile statistics, Google Maps, Google Street View Maintain a record of all materials studied in a formatted, multiple-paged document containing web-links to communicate geographical information Import data from other ICT applications into student research findings design and create a simple database from student research

5 This action research project is to encourage students to: critically analyse a website, including the ethics of the site use applications ie. Word/ Adobe Portfolio or OneNote process information using applications such as Excel & Photoshop consult & add to a Delicious network using an agreed set of tags design & create a multimedia presentation or webpage to communicate geographical : Wiki

6 Stage 1 – 31 March to 2 May Stage 2 – 3 May to 23 May Stage 3 – 24 May onwards Implementation of the Program

7 The Research Questions How is the Foreshore being used? How has the land use changed and what is the impact on the biophysical and built environment? What issues have arisen from Urban Growth & Decline? Who is affected by these issues? How are the issues being addressed?

8 The Research Cycle 2. Generate focus questions to Guide the investigation 1. Identify the aim/purpose of the investigation 3. Which primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus questions 4. Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data 5. collect primary and secondary data 6. Process and analyse the data collected 7. Select methods to effectively communicate the research findings 8. Propose individual or group action in response to the findings 9. Where appropriate, take action

9 The Field Study Area Darling Harbour Barangaroo Millers PointWalsh Bay Circular Quay

10 Basic content presented in 7 PowerPoints 1. Basic urban processes 2. Sydneys Development 3. Government stakeholders and their responsibilities 4. Community and commercial stakeholders 5. Changes in the study area from the 19 th to 21 st centuries 6. Field Work 7. Processes operating in the study area

11 Lesson content provided students with a rich preparation for field activities Hickson Rd – The Hungry Mile – Darling Harbour

12 Showing Change in the Area Smith & Gardiners Map of Sydney and Suburbs 1855

13 Robinsons Aeroplane Map of Sydney 1922 Showing Change in the area

14 Google Map of Sydney 2010 Google Map of Sydney 2010 Showing Change in the Area

15 Built using Photoshop

16 Scoping the topic with FreeMind

17 Moodle : supplementing basic content Link to TALE & laptop Wraps A platform of resources OneNote book template Homework posted here

18 SSC Geog Blog Providing additional content Aiming to facilitate interactivity

19 SSC Geog Blog Provide a additional audio materials Pages added for each part of course

20 SSC Geog Blog PowerPoints posted on Blog

21 Stage 1 – Resources and Tools ABS Sydney a Social Atlas 2006 ABS Community profile statistics Google Maps & Street View Models of Urban development Simple Land Use Models Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Camera Digital Tools Delicious SSC Leichhardt Blog Web2.0 Tools

22 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 10 to Wk 1 Finding basic dataPreparation of simple community Profile, identify & photograph urban processes Work on pre-topic assessment using neighbourhood data. 1.Prepare a basic community profile. 2.identify & photograph one or more urban processes in own neighbourhood 3.locate photograph on a neighbourhood map or satellite image Stage 1 - Pre-activity Assessment

23 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 2 P 1 Definition of Processes 1.PPT presentation on Urban Processes with examples from Leichhardt Municipality 2.Define Urban Growth, Decline, Renewal, Consolidation and Gentrification 3.Spatial & ecological dimensions Students continue work on pre topic assessment organising neighbourhood map & basic community profile, completing placement of photographs illustrating urban processes. Wk 2 P2 Definition of Processes 1.Sharing of photographs (Bluetooth/USB thumb drive) 2.PPT - patterns of city growth & decline in Australia's urban areas 3. Brainstorm likely issues & the impacts of urban growth on the economy, environment & communities. 1.Discuss impact of Urban Growth & decline on people, economy and environment? 2.Who Are the stakeholders? 3.Lift images from PPT & makes notes using Moodle based resources 4.Present in OneNote or Word & Adobe Portfolio. 5.Post questions/comments on Blog Stage 1- Week 2, Term 2

24 Sydney has changed since 1788 Sydney has grown out from a centre

25 Cities can be represented by circles The area of first settlement Outward growth Cities grow out from areas of first settlement, and as they grow certain processes occur: Some areas Decline In some areas there is Renewal Theres Consolidation of people in some places In other places change in social and economic status occurs - Gentrification

26 Sydney has branched out What might have caused this?

27 Railways greatly influenced Sydneys development 1850

28 2004

29 Trams began to be phased out from the 1950s onwards as car and truck transport developed George St, 1950s

30 Car & Trucks and Buses By the 1960s cars, trucks and buses were major forms of transport in Sydney

31 Lessons: provided basic content Major traffic thoroughfare Port Activities Visible air pollution Waterfront cargo storage Cargo unloaded directly to wharf Horse drawn freezer/meat van Pyrmont bridge: 1903

32 Lessons: provided basic content Port activities confined to ferries and Private boating No visible air pollution Waterfront Hotels & apartments Tourism activities on wharf Pyrmont bridge: 2009

33 View across Darling Harbour 1880s

34 View across Darling Harbour 2010 Can you see anything from the 1880s?

35 Late 19 th century view from Windmill St, Millers Point, looking over Walsh Bay Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Warehouse Wool Store Port and factory workers lived close to work Walsh Bay Wharves

36 Early 20 th century Darling Harbour coal loader – ships needed coal for fuel Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Coal train rolling stock Coal powered steam engine Millers Point

37 Urban decline in the 19 th century Living and Working Conditions Unsealed streets and horse manure a breeding ground for bacteria Horse and cart Children barefooted

38 In the 19 th Century streets were often unsealed and unsanitary Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Hydrated lime barrel. Hydrated lime was used as a disinfectant because it produced a dry & alkaline environment that retard bacterial growth

39 Urban renewal – cleaning out 19 th century drains in 1900 Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Blocked drainage being cleared Bones, horns and old piles unearthed

40 A bubonic plague outbreak led to demolition of some decaying urban areas Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks 1900 Demolition of sub- standard housing

41 Around 1900 retailing was still largely through corner stores and local businesses Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Signs of global industry emerging

42 In the 20 th century the area was still a mix of docks, warehouses, industry & housing Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Large areas of housing demolished to build the Sydney Harbour bridge Walsh Bay finger wharves Balmain Darling Harbour Pyrmont

43 Darling Harbour immediately before the Darling Harbour Urban renewal Project - 1980 Living and Working Conditions 19 Gloucester Street, The Rocks Railway lines removed Empty Wool Stores Now converted to apartments & parking Urban decline – old industrial area Still a working port

44 How is land in the study area now used? No shipping of cargo, Port abandoned Millers Point heritage houses built from 1820 to 1930 Heritage buildings remaining on Gas Works site Modern apartments – urban consolidation High rise office blocks Western Distributor

45 How is land in the study area now used? No longer finger wharves at King St Moorings for private ferries, cruise and charter boats Low energy buildings with small carbon footprint Tourist Hotels Restaurants and bars

46 How is land in the study area now used? Urban consolidation Urban Renewal - Maritime Museum Public Access to foreshore

47 Stage 2 – Resources and Tools Government, Corporate and Community websites & reports Images – photos, videos, maps, statistical maps, graphs Processes, Stakeholders, Decisions, Future Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Camera Digital Tools Delicious SSC Leichhardt Blog Web2.0 Tools

48 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 3 P 1 Stakeholders and Their Perceptions 1.PPT Identifying three levels of government stakeholders in Stakeholder levels of govt. CBD & Darling harbour areas? 2.Introduce websites view policies & approaches to the development of Sydney - CBD and Darling harbour areas. 1.Prepare a diagram or table in OneNote or Excel and Adobe Portfolio, based on lesson, summarising the responsiblities of govt in urban issues. 2.Use PPT posted on the Blog & other websites identified through Delicious or Internet. Wk3 P2 Stakeholders and Their Perceptions 1.PTT introducing stakeholder commercial & community organisations interested in urban processes Which have a stake in CBD & Darling harbour areas? Determine their position on the development of Sydney - CBD and Darling harbour areas Prepare a diagram or table outlining the commercial interests and concerns of the different groups Use the PPT & other websites from Delicious or the Internet, Present in OneNote or Excel and Adobe Portfolio Stage 3- Week 3, Term 2

49 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 4 P 1 Decisions making processes and management 1.PT and notes plus some film footage Blog addressing change in City West, Darling Harbour, Millers Pt & Walsh Bay areas in 19th & early to mid 20th centuries. 1.Use the PPT posted on the Blog plus other websites you identify through Delicious or on the Internet, to prepare notes in OneNote or Word & Adobe Portfolio, answering the questions addressed in today's lesson. Wk 4 P2 Decisions making processes and management 1.PT and notes plus some film footage Blog addressing change in City West, Darling Harbour, Millers Pt & Walsh Bay areas in the late 20th & early 21 st centuries. 1.Use the PPT posted on the Blog plus other websites you identify through Delicious or on the Internet, to prepare notes in OneNote or Word & Adobe Portfolio, answering the questions addressed in today's lesson. Stage 3- Week 4, Term 2

50 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 5 P 1 Implications and the Future 1.PPT showing Issues and Implications of Urban Growth & Decline Issues highlighting - Processes, Indicator & Impacts of urban growth and decline 2.List of issues arising from Urban growth & decline under headings Process, Indicator Impact + or - Process, Indicator Impact, who is affected by Urban Growth and decline? Who Are the stakeholders? (Enables students to gather secondary data they will soon investigate in the field) Wk 5 P2 Implications and the Future PPT & notes & some video already posted on Blog about Barangaroo, addressing : Nature & scope of the project Project as urban renewal Stakeholders & Environmental, Economic & Community impacts Also Sydney's transport system. Plans for the future Describe the: Nature & scope of the project Project as urban renewal Stakeholders & Environmental, Economic & Community impacts Using delicious and Internet presented in OneNote or Word & Adobe Portfolio. Stage 2- Week 5, Term 2

51 Government Stakeholders NSW Maritime Planning NSW NSW Road Transit Authority (RTA) NSW Housing Federal Government NSW Government Local Government Sydney City Council NSW Dept of Environment Climate Change & Water Aust Dept of Immigration & Citizenship Aust Dept of Customs & Excise NSW Transport & Infrastructure

52 NSW Road Transit Authority RTAs major stakes in the area are the Cross City Tunnel, the Western Distributor and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Its colour, cladding and architecture were determined in consultation with other Government Departments & stakeholders There is a cross city tunnel ventilation stack located in the Darling Harbour area near Druitt St. The citys major north south traffic route.

53 Planning NSW – NSW Department of Planning Planning NSWs three agencies have a major role in managing the areas NSW Heritage Council Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority Barangaroo Delivery Authority

54 The NSW Governments is committed to the delivery of Barangaroo in a coordinated and financially responsible manner. Established under the Barangaroo Delivery Authority Act 2009 Barangaroo will extend from King St Wharf, along the eastern side of Darling Harbour to Millers Point and around to Walsh Bay. Its a very large area of around 15 central city blocks but most is on the old Patrick's Wharf site in Darling Harbour.

55 NSW Maritime a State Government Authority responsible for: marine safety, regulation of commercial & recreational boating and oversight of port operations property management of submerged lands in Sydney removal of rubbish in the interests of the tourist industry, harbour-side local government, the recreational boating public, operators of commercial vessels, waterfront property holders and the public using Sydney Harbour.

56 Storm Water Management in the Study Area Sydney Water works in conjunction with local councils to manage stormwater quality SQID Stormwater Quality Improvement Devices. Managed by Sydney City Council under the CBD SQID Stormwater Quality Improvement Devices. Managed by Sydney Water in Blackwattle Bay

57 NSW Transport & Infrastructure Sydney Ferries is a NSW Government agency operating regular ferry passenger services on Sydney Harbour and its tributaries Sydney Ferries

58 Visitors – Darling Harbour 54% 31% 9% 5% Almost 150 million people have visited Darling Harbour since it opened in 1988. Source: Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre | fact file February 2009

59 Darling Harbour Tenants The Sydney Harbour Foreshore Authority manages 97 tenancies in Darling Harbour Source: The Darling Harbour Authority - http://www.shfa.nsw.gov.au/sydney-Our_places_and_projects-Darling_Harbour.htmhttp://www.shfa.nsw.gov.au/sydney-Our_places_and_projects-Darling_Harbour.htm Who is the main stakeholder?

60 Cruise Boat and Charter Operators Who are the stakeholders?

61 Rather than just saying dont do that, we try saying what about this. It doesnt always work and sometimes we just have to grin and bear it. But its much harder for them (the council and government) to deny an idea if you offer other real alternatives. Millers Point Residents Action Group Millicent Chalmers OAM, Chair Who are the stakeholders?

62 Stage 3 – Resources and Tools Board of Studies examples of student work – on Moodle Teamwork Roles and responsibilities defined Research Action Plan integrating primary & secondary data Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Audacity, Premier Elements, GPS, Camera Digital Tools Delicious SSC Leichhardt Blog Web2.0 Tools

63 Wk Per FocusContentStudent task Wk 6 P 1 Fieldwork: integrating Primary & Secondary data 1.Introduce Research Action Plan as an animated PPT 2.PPT on Secondary data - reviewing sources already used 3.PPT on Primary data collection - cameras, digital video, gathering noise samples, measuring wind speed, temperature, GPS. 4.Review Field Work Format 5.Allocate data collection tasks Practice: Testing sound levels (Audacity) Taking photos with cameras Using digital video Wk 6 P2 Fieldwork Wk 7 on Following Fieldwork Ongoing: Interested students to edits video Interested students post findings to Wiki Stage 3 - Week 6, Term 2

64 The Research Cycle 2. Generate focus questions to Guide the investigation 1. Identify the aim/purpose of the investigation 3. Which primary and secondary data are needed to answer the focus questions 4. Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data 5. collect primary and secondary data 6. Process and analyse the data collected 7. Select methods to effectively communicate the research findings 8. Propose individual or group action in response to the findings 9. Where appropriate, take action

65 Stage 3 – Resources and Tools Assembling of primary materials Students writing and posting findings to Wiki Students post to Delicious Construction of Wiki & Delicious Tags Excel, Word, Adobe Portfolio or OneNote, Photoshop, Audacity, Premier Elements, GPS, Cameras Digital Tools Delicious SSC Leichhardt Blog SSC Leichhardt Wiki Web2.0 Tools

66 A Students Work from the Field Study 8. Processes, indicators, impacts and management Part of the old gasworks on Hickson Rd New high rise apartments The process is Urban Consolidation shown by apartments, building with small ecological footprint and preservation of heritage Photo by Gieun The Bond Building. 6 Green Star rating

67 A Studentso Community Profile

68 Urban Processes in a Students Neighbourhood

69 Video Clips

70 Wiki Watch this space

71 A Footnote follows

72 Blog Visits

73 Timetable & Calendar Issues 15 Periods available for Issues in the Australian Environment


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