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Housing Commission FY 13/14 Annual Plan & RAD City of Ann Arbor February 11, 2013 Jennifer Hall Executive Director Ann.

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Presentation on theme: "Housing Commission FY 13/14 Annual Plan & RAD City of Ann Arbor February 11, 2013 Jennifer Hall Executive Director Ann."— Presentation transcript:

1 Housing Commission FY 13/14 Annual Plan & RAD City of Ann Arbor February 11, 2013 Jennifer Hall Executive Director Ann Arbor Housing Commission

2 Agenda Recent AAHC Improvements AAHC Funding Challenges HUD funding solution through the Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) Program Annual Plan Family Self Sufficiency program 2

3 Improvements in 2012 Unit Turns Maintenance/New Occupant Previously 190+ days average to turn & occupy Currently 21 day average to turn Currently 45 days average to turn & occupy Occupancy Currently 99% (1-5 vacant units) Previously 95% (12 – 20 vacant units) Hired Facility and Maintenance Manager Received Family Self Sufficiency Grant 3

4 Policies and Procedures Hired Consultant Every policy and procedure for public housing and voucher program reviewed and revised Ensure compliance with HUD, Fair Housing, landlord/tenant laws etc. Maximize efficiency and standardization Updated Lease Created Preventive Maintenance Plan Updated Maintenance Policy Working on Tenant and Staff Manuals for Public Housing Units Working on Disaster Response and Emergency Response Plan

5 Technology Implemented Mobile Maintenance Maintenance Techs use mobile devices to access work orders and enter completions Implemented On-line Waitlist for Vouchers Open for 48 hours Over 15,000 applications Pulled 500 names by random lottery to be on the waitlist Laptops for public housing management staff so that they can hold office hours at remote sites Working on option of on-line payments for tenants and electronic payments for vendors

6 Positive Impact No Longer in Troubled Status REAC Physical Inspection Score Increased score from a 78 to a 81 on the East side Increased score from a 64 to a 86 on the West side Eligible for new HUD grants 6

7 Maintenance Duct cleaning all sites Gutters cleaned and fixed Retaining walls and landscaping Sidewalk grinding and concrete replacement Fire Stops above stoves to prevent stove fires Footing drain disconnects Roof replacement Marmoleum flooring (similar to linoleum) Tuck pointing (brick exterior of buildings) Jetting sewer lines Boiler and A/C maintenance

8 Replace Carpet with Marmoleum Baker LoungeTenants voted for color scheme 8

9 Replace Carpets with Marmoleum Installed in 2012/2013 Funding through HUD Capital Funds $96,000 all common areas at Baker and Miller 9

10 Replaced Asphalt Roof with Steel New Steel Roof installed in 2013 Funding provided by the Downtown Development Authority Initial bid $246,000. Extensive rafter damage increased cost to $305,000 10

11 Green & Energy Efficiency LED and photocell exterior lights Energy Star appliances Water sense bath fixtures and toilets Wrapping duct work and water pipes DTE direct install program for units CFL lighting, aerators and showerheads DTE rebate program Common area energy improvements Low VOC paint Tank-less water heater (pilot) at N. Maple Demand circulating hot water pump Boiler control valve to sequence boilers at Miller Started insulating attic spaces Started replacing windows

12 Additional Needs Air Conditioning all units Health as well as security ($300,000 - $375,000) Roofs and Windows Security Cameras ($200,000 - $300,000) Security Guards ($80,000 - $300,000/year) Energy Efficiency ($900,000 +) Some sites need to be demolished and rebuilt Age, functionally obsolete, flooding

13 Two Funding Problems Annual Operating Subsidy Maintenance Staffing Capital Re-investment Replacing major systems like roof, furnaces etc. 13

14 Federal Funding Historical decline in Congressional support for HUD 1976 HUDs budget was $86.8 billion 2012 HUDs budget was $41.7 billion HUD losing 10,000-15,000 public housing units/year due to disrepair requiring demolition 14

15 AAHC Capital Needs National HUD study Immediate capital repair needs in excess of $25.6B across HUD public housing portfolio, or $23,365/unit Capital Accrual 20–year projection of $82,125/unit AAHC Capital Needs Assessment A 2009 AAHC Capital Needs Assessment indicated $40,337/unit in capital needs over next 15 years At current HUD rates, AAHC will get $18,000/unit Which is $22,000/unit shortfall in capital repair funding 15

16 Decreased Funding Public Housing Operating Fees (rent subsidy) In 2012 HUD reimbursed the AAHC at 95% of the operating fees owed $62,700 less than owed In 2013 HUD is reimbursing the AAHC at 81% due to sequestration Estimated at $262,000 less than owed Capital Funds (building improvements) 2010 Capital Funding from HUD $557, Capital Funding $440, Capital Funding TBD (sequestration) 16

17 Three Options to Fund AAHC Properties 1.No Change Negative impact on units, tenants & neighborhood due to lack of funding, continued deterioration of units 2.City of Ann Arbor provide annual gap funding Cover the gap between HUD funding and shortfall Approximately $500,000/year for capital needs If Sequestration permanent, much greater problem 3.Convert Public Housing to Project-Based Vouchers with private funding reinvestment Immediate rehabilitation of all properties Long-term operating subsidy from different HUD program that has more stable funding by Congress 17

18 Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) HUDs goal is to convert 60,000 public housing units to Project Based Vouchers NEW rent subsidy with vouchers (Operations) NEW access to capital funding Reinvest in physical structures Leverage private capital to preserve assets 18

19 How RAD rent/operating subsidy will be determined 19 Public HousingVoucher At conversion, PHAs will convert funding to a Section 8 rent subsidy (HAP)

20 AAHC RAD Rents First year limited to current per unit funding Annually re-evaluated by HUD and increased (based on operating adjustment factor) Will never be less than first year No longer subject to public housing decreases BedroomsAAHC EASTAAHC WEST 1$466$470 2$567$572 3$713$719 4$734$741 5$844$852 20

21 Rehabilitation Physical Condition Assessment must be completed 20 year schedule all replacement costs in replacement reserve Rehab budget determined by architect/engineer and actual bid Minimum 10% rehab contingency Market competitive upgrades (a/c) must be included Must use energy efficient products as finances allow Must use general contractor 21

22 Pre-Development Work Issued Request for Proposal Co-Developer and Development Consultants Selected Surveys Environmental Reviews Radon, Lead, Asbestos Physical Needs Assessment Energy Audit Title Search Appraisals Architectural Analysis and Scope of Work 22

23 Development Team Dykema Gossett Legal Counsel Recap Real Estate Advisors RAD Consultant Avalon Housing Supportive Housing Consultant Norstar Development Co-developer OBrien Construction General Contractor Mitchell and Mouat Architect Equity Investor/Equity Partner TBD 23

24 How will Construction be financed? Equity from Low Income Housing Tax Credits Grants HOME Community Development Block Grant Federal Home Loan Bank AAHTF DDA Private Foundations MSHDA Community Development Funds Corporation for Supportive Housing Debt 24

25 Low Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC) Created in 1986 pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code Section 42 Incentivize private sector to invest in housing Single largest funding source for affordable rental housing development Tax Credits allocated to States Developers compete for 9% tax credits Developer sells tax credits to private sector Creates Cash (Equity) for affordable property 10 years of tax credits to Equity Investor 25

26 LIHTC Continued Credit is a dollar for dollar credit -10 years Compliance Period of Affordability is minimally 15 years under Section 42 Extended Low-Income Use Period can be greater time period … up to 99 years Limited Partner or Equity Investor will remain partner for that initial compliance period Governed by a MSHDA Regulatory Agreement – a recorded document 26

27 Legal Structure IRS requires Equity Investor to be part of the ownership structure known as equity limited partner or equity member Create a limited partnership or limited liability company with developer/owner known as general partner or co-general partners/ co- members Must be single purpose entity Purpose is to utilize tax credits to invest in a specific property (or group of properties) No cross collateralization & liability with other properties/businesses Under RAD, HUDrequires permanent affordability 27

28 How does current structure work? City of Ann ArborAAHC Public Housing HUD funding & regs 28

29 How will new structure work? Affordable Housing City of Ann ArborAAHC Nonprofit General Partner/ Managing Partner Co-General Partner/ Co-Developer Equity Partner/ Limited Partner Limited Dividend Housing Association, LP or LLC 15 year limited partnership HUD funds & regs 29

30 Phase I Properties Convert under RAD and rehabilitate using Low Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC) if awarded in December 2013 Baker Commons Miller Manor Green/Baxter Hikone S. Maple 30

31 Phase I Properties Convert under RAD and rehabilitate using existing AAHC funds in 2014 Mallets Creek Hillside Manor S. Seventh Upper Platt (Colonial) 31

32 Phase I Properties De minimis or Section 18 disposition Evelyn Court one 3-bedroom single family home W. Washington 1 bedroom units - duplex Oakwood three 5-bedroom single family homes Continuing analysis on whether to dispose of by selling or converting to project based vouchers using AAHC existing vouchers, not RAD vouchers 32

33 Phase II Properties Demolition and new construction LIHTC N. Maple Estates and Duplexes Lower Platt Evaluating whether demolition and new construction or rehabilitation LIHTC Broadway White/State/Henry LIHTC application in

34 Impact Reinvestment in properties Increased energy efficiency Remedy structural problems Higher quality living conditions for residents $25 - $45 Million economic impact Construction, professional services, tenant jobs Diversifies & Stabilizes AAHC revenue More stable source of rent (operating) subsidy AAHC staff continue to manage properties 34

35 Impact on Tenants Improved units AAHC pays for any short-term or long-term relocation if needed to fix up unit Lower utility costs (unless rates increase significantly) Tenants still pay 30% of income on rent Still permanently affordable, cant turn into market rate units

36 Impact on Tenants AAHC cannot re-screen tenants, must allow current tenants who are compliant with lease to stay in units Public Housing type grievance policies which are more favorable to tenants Continue to receive services Peace, CSTS, ROSS, CAN etc. Can continue to have Resident Councils $25/unit stipend if follow HUD rules

37 PBV – Project Based Vouchers Tenant can voluntarily request a tenant- based voucher after 1 year of residency 100% of units will be designated as receiving services HQS inspections – focus on inside of units Termination notification consistent with public housing requirements

38 Next Steps Feasibility Analysis of every property Phase I projects - Scope of work Phase II - Rehab or demo & new construction Resident Meetings Council approval of PILOT Council approval of a Resolution to transfer the properties to AAHC, with contingencies Apply for financing 38

39 Examples of Norstar, OBrien, and Avalon Affordable Housing Projects Partnerships with Public Housing Authority & non-profits using Low Income Housing Tax Credits

40 Carrot Way Apartments 30 units & Community Center $5.5 million Total Cost Tax credit syndication: Great Lakes Capital Fund, limited partner equity MSHDA HOME Funds City of Ann Arbor HOME Funds Religious Action for Affordable Housing Federal Home Loan Bank Affordable Housing Program General Partner Equity Avalon Housing Developer, Owner, Property Manager 40

41 Arbordale Apartments 39 units $4.6 million Total Cost Tax credit syndication: National Equity Fund, limited partner MSHDA HOME Funds City of Ann Arbor HOME Funds Ann Arbor Housing Trust Funds General Partner Equity Federal Home Loan Bank Affordable Housing Program Washtenaw County General Funds Avalon Housing Developer, Owner, Property Manager 41

42 BEFORE: Herman Gardens Public Housing – Detroit MI 42

43 490 Rental Units $109.5 million Total Cost Tax credit syndication: Great Lakes Capital Fund & Bank of America, limited partner equity HUD Hope VI Funds Neighborhood Stabilization Funds MSHDA Tax Exempt Loan Brownfield Tax Credits MSHDA HOME loan NORSTAR Developer hired by Detroit Public Housing Commission OBrien Construction AFTER: Garden View Estates 43

44 BEFORE: 1630 Dewey Ave – Rochester NY Former Dry Cleaning Factory – view from the front 44

45 80 Rental Units $16 million Total Cost Tax credit syndication: Goldman Sachs, limited partner equity NYS Homes and Community Renewal Urban Initiative NYS Housing Trust Fund Corporation NYS Homeless Housing Assistance Program City of Rochester HOME Funds HUD Continuum of Care Grant Federal Home Loan Bank JP Morgan Chase Bank NORSTAR Developer hired by Common Ground Nonprofit AFTER: 1630 Dewey 45

46 Risks/FAQs Unable to secure capital funds to make project work Continues as public housing instead of converting to Project Based Vouchers Cost of pre-development activities absorbed by AAHC Co-developer and AAHC disagree on … Master Developer Agreement executed regarding roles & responsibilities Equity Partner wants to remove AAHC from partnership AAHC cannot be removed unless egregiously fail to perform per contract Same as current situation with HUD. HUD can remove if egregiously fail to perform 46

47 Risks/FAQs Continued Co-developer or Equity Partner want to convert to market rate Cannot be done. HUD has regulatory agreement that precedes all other agreements and financing. MSHDA also has LIHTC regulatory agreement Construction costs exceed budget Use contingency, secure additional funds, change scope of work, or costs paid for from developer fee Construction problems cause delay Norstar provides construction and LIHTC completion guarantees Liquidated damages in general contractor agreement to share in costs 47

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