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Chapter © 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning Renting a Residence Housing Choices The Renting Process 21
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 2 Chapter 21 Lesson 21.1 Housing Choices GOALS List and describe several rental housing alternatives. Discuss potential living arrangements. Explain how to plan a successful move into a rental property.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 3 Chapter 21 Housing Alternatives You will soon have to make a choice about where to live. You may choose to get a job, live at home with your parents, and move out later. You may decide to commute to college or live on campus. Or, you may choose to work and move away from your parents home.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 4 Chapter 21 On-Campus Housing Dormitories A dormitory is an on-campus building that contains many small rooms that are rented out to students. Sororities and fraternities Housing cooperatives When you live in a co-op, you get a room similar to one in a dormitory at lower cost but with added responsibilities. Married student housing
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 5 Chapter 21 Off-Campus Housing Apartments A studio apartment, also known as an efficiency apartment, has one large room that serves as the kitchen, living room, and bedroom. A townhouse is a living space that has two or more levels.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 6 Chapter 21 Off-Campus Housing Duplexes A duplex is a building with two separate living units. Condominiums A condominium or condo is an individually owned unit in an apartment-style complex with shared ownership of common areas. Houses (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 7 Chapter 21 Living Arrangements To share expenses, you may wish to have a roommate. Be sure you are compatible with your potential roommate before you move in together. Discuss possible areas of disagreement that may cause trouble if not settled in advance.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 8 Chapter 21 Where to Live The decision of where to live will depend largely on finances. Other things to consider include: Deposits and fees A security deposit is a refundable amount paid in advance to protect the owner against damage or nonpayment. Length of time you plan to stay Distance from work or school Distance from services Repairs and maintenance
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 9 Chapter 21 Furnished or Unfurnished Rental housing can come furnished or unfurnished. A furnished rental means that the basics are providedbed, dresser, sofa, chairs, lamps, dining table and chairs, and essential appliances. An unfurnished rental may or may not include basic kitchen appliances such as a stove and refrigerator.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 10 Chapter 21 What to Take You can buy or rent furnishings. Compare purchase and rental payments carefully before you make a decision. With a rent-to-own option, you rent furniture with an option to buy. You will need basic household and personal items necessary for setting up housekeeping.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 11 Chapter 21 Planning Your Move Have savings. Have income. Have supplies. Think ahead. Make reservations.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 12 Chapter 21 Group Financial Decisions Group budgeting allows for the careful allocation of expenses, so that each person pays his or her share. The budget should be prepared and put into writing following a good discussion. Its important for each person to understand and agree to his or her responsibilities.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 13 Chapter 21 Moving Costs Moving costs include the time and money spent in packing, loading, transporting, unloading, and unpacking. Professional movers charge according to the amount you have to move, the distance traveled, and whether or not they do the packing. You can save money by: Doing your own packing Renting a truck or trailer and using your own labor for loading, driving, and unloading
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 14 Chapter 21 Installation Charges When you move into a new residence, you will pay some installation charges, such as for telephone, Internet, and cable TV services. You may be able to save money if you can bundle these services. Bundling is combining services into one package.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 15 Chapter 21 Lesson 21.2 The Renting Process GOALS List the advantages and disadvantages of renting a place to live. Describe the elements of the rental application, rental inventory, and lease forms. Discuss landlord and tenant responsibilities.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 16 Chapter 21 Renting a Place to Live Most people begin their independent lives as renters. Renting is the process of using another persons property for a fee. A landlord is the owner, or owners representative, of rental property. A person who rents property is called a tenant or renter.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 17 Chapter 21 Advantages of Renting Mobility Convenience Minimal responsibilities Social life Lower cost
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 18 Chapter 21 Disadvantages of Renting Noise Lack of privacy Small living space Lack of storage space Scarcity of parking
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 19 Chapter 21 Rental Contracts Whenever you rent a place to live, you will have to fill out a rental application. The purpose of the application is to allow the landlord to verify your income, previous rental experience, credit rating, and so on. The landlord does this to assure that you are a good riskthat you will likely pay your rent and be a good tenant.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 20 Chapter 21 Leases A lease is a written agreement that allows a tenant to use property for a set period of time at a set rent payment. The landlord is called the lessor, or person responsible for the property. The tenant is called the lessee, or person who will take possession of the property. You may sign a lease for six months, a year, or longer. During this time, rent remains constant. If you decide to move before the lease expires, you are still responsible for the remaining rent.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 21 Chapter 21 Month-to-Month Agreements A rental agreement is a written agreement that allows you to leave anytime as long as you give the required notice. These are often called month-to-month agreements. The agreement does not bind you to pay rent for a period of time longer than a month. Renting by the month also does not establish the rent amount for more than one month. The landlord can raise the rent anytime or ask you to leave anytime.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 22 Chapter 21 Rental Inventory The rental inventory is a detailed list of current property conditions.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 23 Chapter 21 Landlord and Tenant Responsibilities Most states have passed landlord/tenant laws. Both landlords and tenants should understand their legal rights and obligations.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 24 Chapter 21 Landlord Obligations Housing laws in most states require that landlords provide a dwelling that is habitable (livable) at all times.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 25 Chapter 21 Habitable Dwelling Characteristics The exterior is weatherproof and waterproof. Floors, walls, ceilings, stairs, and railings are in good repair. Elevators, halls, and stairwells meet fire and safety regulations. Adequate locks are provided for all outside doors, working latches are provided for all windows, and exits meet fire and safety regulations.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 26 Chapter 21 Habitable Dwelling Characteristics Plumbing facilities comply with local and state sanitation laws and are in good working condition. Water supply provided is safe and adequate. Lighting, wiring, heating, air conditioning, and appliances are in good condition and comply with local and state building and safety codes. Buildings and grounds are clean and sanitary; garbage receptacles are adequate. (continued)
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 27 Chapter 21 Tenant Obligations Tenant obligations usually are stated specifically in the lease or month-to- month agreement.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 28 Chapter 21 Additional Tenant Obligations Read, understand, and abide by the terms of the rental contract. Pay the rent on or before the due date. Give at least 30-days notice of intent to move. Keep the premises in good, clean condition to prevent unnecessary wear and tear or damage to the unit. Use a rental unit only for the purpose for which it is intended. Allow the landlord access. Obey the rules.
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning SLIDE 29 Chapter 21 Eviction Eviction is the legal process of removing a tenant from rental property. Eviction is often reported to credit bureaus, reflecting poorly on ones creditworthiness and making it difficult for a person to rent property in the future.
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