Presentation on theme: "Modern Methods of Solid Household Waste Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Modern Methods of Solid Household Waste Management Almaty Waste Management Project – Principal Investment Parameters
2 Project OverviewProject is constituted of the construction of the following facilities in Almaty: Plant for Mechanical and Biological Treatment (MBT) of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), new Sanitary Landfill, and Waste Transfer Station (TS). Project is aimed to the improvement quality and reliability of waste removal services and compliance with environmental standards.Key principle of applied technology is MSW separation and recovery of recyclable and biodegradable fraction. The latter will be utilized for anaerobic digestion with production of biogas and further combustion of biogas for generation of green energy.The other Project objective is integrated development of MSW sector in Almaty including institutional reforms to make this sector commercially attractive and bring private investments into its development.
3 Almaty MSW sector at a glance PopulationpeoplePercentage of population in multi-appartment houses62% MSW from households (2011)tonMSW from commercial sector (2011)Total volume of MSW (2011)MSW from households, per capita (2011)580kg per pers.Total MSW per person per day (2011)1.35kg per pers. Per dayNumber of landfills4*Number of waste collecting companies49**Percentage of processing/sorting (of total MSW amount)3%Number of containers for separate collection of recyclables400 Tariff for households (apartments)300KZT/pers./monthTariff for households (private houses)341Tariff for commercial sector1 4128 472KZT per m3KZT per ton49 private waste collection companiesOperating main landfill in Karasaiskiy DistrictWaste collection rate is close to 100%MSW recycling/treatment rate is only 3%97% of total collected MSW is delivered to over-filled landfillNon-operating waste sorting plant (“Vtorma Ecology Co”)* 80% of MSW are transported to the main landfill in Karasaiskiy District** Market share of principal MSW collection company (“Tartyp” LLP) is 70%
4 General Principles of MSW management and Technical Concept for Project Implementation Maximizing of recyclables recovery from wasteMinimizing of biodegradable waste disposal at the landfillApplying feasible and efficient technologiesEnvironmental protection and improvementTariffs’ affordability for populationPhase implementation of MSW Management SystemCompliance with RoK legislation and Environmental ConceptCompliance with objectives of EU Directives related to environmental protection and sustainable developmentTechnical ConceptApplying waste sorting technologyAnaerobic digestionCompostingProduction of “green energy”Construction of sanitary landfill equipped with landfill gas collection systemClosure and rehabilitation of old landfills and dumping sitesUpgrade of waste collection system
5 Preferable Option for Waste Treatment and Final Disposal New sanitary landfill in Iliyskiy DistrictTransfer Station (TS) and MBT Plant close to the city at the same site together with WWTPDelivery of whole MSW amount to the MBT Plant and TS located close to the city, integrated treatment of biodegradable fraction of MSW and WWTP sludge
6 Scheme of location of WWTP and new landfill 1 – Site for planned allocation of new sanitary landfill2 – Area of Almaty Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP);3 – Boralday Village (the closest big settlement to WWTP);4 – Almaty city border (traffic junction between “Northern Ring” and Almaty-Kapshagai highways).
7 Waste from other sources Process flowchart for integrated treatment of MSW biodegradable fraction and WWTP sludgeWaste from householdsWaste from other sourcesSludge from WWTP100%50%
8 Capital expenditures and utilization of investments according to the preferable Option CAPEX itemAmount, million USDTotal investments (VAT exclusive)179.7Construction of the new sanitary landfill27.8Equipment and machinery for the landfill2.6Construction of MBT Plant77.3Equipment and machinery for MBT Plant62.4Construction of TS and vehicles for waste transportation9.6
9 Operational and financial parameters of the preferable option UnitValue(preferable option)Total MSW generation,Tons per year, average for the period1,125,000Total waste volume sorted at source,130,000Total waste volume directly disposed at the landfill,495,000Total MSW volume accepted for MBTTons per yearPercentage of recyclables recovery at MBT plant or other facilities,%, average for the period6.0Percentage of residues for disposal (after treatment) of total MSW volume,80.0Electricity production - capacityMW8,6-12,0Revenue from recyclables (2016)Million USD4,4Revenue from electricity (2016)20,5Operational & maintenance costs for the landfill (2016)3.0Operational & maintenance costs for MBT Plant (2016)26,2
10 Tariff implications after implementation of the preferable option Parameter Value(preferable option)Tariff for the households, apartments, KZT per person per month (2016, nominal price)617Tariff for the households, private houses, KZT per person per month (2016, nominal price)701Tariff for commercial enterprises and organisations, KZT per ton (2016, nominal price)17,400Share of payments for MSW collection services in per capita income, households - apartments / households – private houses1.29%/1.36%Perskaiciuoti
11 Advantages of MBT Plant location close to the city and WWTP In case of construction of MBT Plant and TS at the same industrial site within 30 km from the city this option is preferable one since it provides annual cost saving in the amount 1.8 million USD (and even 2.6 million USD if these Facilities are located within 20 km from the city).In case of construction MBT Plant and TS close to WWTP additional advantages can be achieved. Utilization of biodegradable fractions from WWTP (mainly, the sludge) will significantly increase the generation capacity of green electricity. This will improve the economic and financial results of the Project implementation. In addition, this option will help to achieve rational land use since no additional land plots would be required for the drying and disposal of waste sludge from WWTP.