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Water Resources and Education in the United States, The University of Iowa, and IIHR An Overview Ryan AsmanNicole Nyugen Holly MoriartyMichael Schaefer.

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Presentation on theme: "Water Resources and Education in the United States, The University of Iowa, and IIHR An Overview Ryan AsmanNicole Nyugen Holly MoriartyMichael Schaefer."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water Resources and Education in the United States, The University of Iowa, and IIHR An Overview Ryan AsmanNicole Nyugen Holly MoriartyMichael Schaefer May 2007

2 2 22 2 Outline Water Resource projects in the United StatesWater Resource projects in the United States Education in the United StatesEducation in the United States Education at the University of IowaEducation at the University of Iowa In the Classroom In the Classroom Social Events On Campus, Around Town Social Events On Campus, Around Town Dormitory/Apartment Life Dormitory/Apartment Life Graduate Study Graduate Study Education at IIHR-Hydroscience and EngineeringEducation at IIHR-Hydroscience and Engineering

3 3 33 3 3 33 3 Hydraulics in the USA and Iowa

4 4 44 4 4 44 4 Hydraulic Projects Erie Canal Originally 1.2 m deep and 14 m wide with 18 Aqueducts and 83 LocksOriginally 1.2 m deep and 14 m wide with 18 Aqueducts and 83 Locks Total rise of 175 mTotal rise of 175 m 1836-1862 - enlarged to 21 m wide and 2.2 m deep1836-1862 - enlarged to 21 m wide and 2.2 m deep 1903-1918 - 4 m deep and 40-60 m wide1903-1918 - 4 m deep and 40-60 m wide Used mostly for recreationUsed mostly for recreation

5 5 55 5 5 55 5 Hydraulic Projects Hoover Dam Built for 1931-1935 for $49 Million ($676 M Present)Built for 1931-1935 for $49 Million ($676 M Present) Concrete Gravity- Arch Dam on the Colorado RiverConcrete Gravity- Arch Dam on the Colorado River 2,000 MW of electricity generating capacity2,000 MW of electricity generating capacity Creation of Lake MeadCreation of Lake Mead

6 6 66 6 6 66 6 Hydraulic Projects Central Arizona Project 541 km diversion canal in Arizona541 km diversion canal in Arizona Diverts water from the Colorado River to Southern ArizonaDiverts water from the Colorado River to Southern Arizona 1973 Construction began, and major construction was completed in 19931973 Construction began, and major construction was completed in 1993 Provides irrigation and municipal drinking water to desert areasProvides irrigation and municipal drinking water to desert areas

7 7 77 7 7 77 7 Hydraulic Projects Erie Canal Proposed in 1808 and completed in 1825Proposed in 1808 and completed in 1825 Links Lake Erie to the Hudson River, allowing boat traffic from the Great Lakes to the Hudson Bay and Atlantic OceanLinks Lake Erie to the Hudson River, allowing boat traffic from the Great Lakes to the Hudson Bay and Atlantic Ocean

8 8 88 8 Iowa – Water 92% of Iowas public water is ground water.92% of Iowas public water is ground water. The major water quality problem in Iowa is nonpoint source pollution.The major water quality problem in Iowa is nonpoint source pollution. Contamination comes mainly from industry, field runoff, and livestock runoff.Contamination comes mainly from industry, field runoff, and livestock runoff. Iowa has 71,665 miles of streams and rivers and more than 161,000 acres of lakes, ponds and wetlands.Iowa has 71,665 miles of streams and rivers and more than 161,000 acres of lakes, ponds and wetlands.

9 9 99 9 Iowa Water Iowa – Mississippi River ~2,300 miles long~2,300 miles long From 20 feet to 4 miles in widthFrom 20 feet to 4 miles in width From 3 feet to 200 feet in depthFrom 3 feet to 200 feet in depth Over the course of a year, it moves an average of 159 million tons of sediment.Over the course of a year, it moves an average of 159 million tons of sediment. The Mississippi River Watershed drains 41% of the continental United States. 31 states and 2 Canadian provinces are included in the watershed. The total area drained is between 1.2 and 1.8 million square miles.The Mississippi River Watershed drains 41% of the continental United States. 31 states and 2 Canadian provinces are included in the watershed. The total area drained is between 1.2 and 1.8 million square miles.

10 10 Iowa Water Mississippi River (History) On May 8, 1541, Hernando de Soto became the first European to reach the Mississippi River.On May 8, 1541, Hernando de Soto became the first European to reach the Mississippi River. Steamboat transportation was a very important passenger and freight industry from 1812 until the beginning of the twentieth century.Steamboat transportation was a very important passenger and freight industry from 1812 until the beginning of the twentieth century. In 1848, the Illinois and Michigan Canal was built to connect the Mississippi River to Lake Michigan via the Illinois River.In 1848, the Illinois and Michigan Canal was built to connect the Mississippi River to Lake Michigan via the Illinois River. The sport of water skiing was invented on the Mississippi in 1922.The sport of water skiing was invented on the Mississippi in 1922. In 2002, the long-distance swimmer Martin Strel swam the entire length of the river in 68 days.In 2002, the long-distance swimmer Martin Strel swam the entire length of the river in 68 days.

11 11 Iowa Water Mississippi River 29 locks and dams, most of which were built in the 1930s, were designed primarily to maintain a 9 foot (2.7 m) deep channel for commercial barge traffic.29 locks and dams, most of which were built in the 1930s, were designed primarily to maintain a 9 foot (2.7 m) deep channel for commercial barge traffic. Each year millions of people visit the Mississippi to observe wildlife, go camping, participate in environmental education programs, to fish, hunt and enjoy picnicking, boating and skiing.Each year millions of people visit the Mississippi to observe wildlife, go camping, participate in environmental education programs, to fish, hunt and enjoy picnicking, boating and skiing.

12 12 Education in the United States

13 13 Public and Private Universities University of Iowa Public University of DubuquePrivate

14 14 Size, Cost, and Financing Enrollment: less than 1,000 to more than 50,000 studentsEnrollment: less than 1,000 to more than 50,000 students Tuition: $5,000 to $40,000 per yearTuition: $5,000 to $40,000 per year Finances: Most undergraduates receive grants or loansFinances: Most undergraduates receive grants or loans Finances: Graduate students are usually paid for doing research to cover education costsFinances: Graduate students are usually paid for doing research to cover education costs

15 15 Undergraduate Education Usually takes 4 yearsUsually takes 4 years College graduation rate is 25.9%College graduation rate is 25.9%

16 16 Graduate Study 9.4% of the US population holds a graduate or professional degree9.4% of the US population holds a graduate or professional degree Masters degrees generally take 1-2 years of studyMasters degrees generally take 1-2 years of study Ph.D. programs are generally 4-5 yearsPh.D. programs are generally 4-5 years Rate of pay increases (drastically in some fields) for graduate or professional degree holdersRate of pay increases (drastically in some fields) for graduate or professional degree holders

17 17 GlossaryThe GRE A standardized test that is an admissions requirement for most graduate schools in the United States. The GRE is supposed to measure the extent to which undergraduate education has developed an individual's verbal and quantitative skills in abstract thinking.A standardized test that is an admissions requirement for most graduate schools in the United States. The GRE is supposed to measure the extent to which undergraduate education has developed an individual's verbal and quantitative skills in abstract thinking.

18 18 GlossaryThe TOEFL The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non- native applicants at many American colleges and universities.The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non- native applicants at many American colleges and universities.

19 19 GlossarySemester Hours Semester hour: The unit of credit used by colleges in which a credit is granted for the satisfactory completion of a course which requires at least 15 hours of instruction and at least 30 hours of supplementary assignments per semester. For every hour of lecture, two hours of homework and studying are expected.Semester hour: The unit of credit used by colleges in which a credit is granted for the satisfactory completion of a course which requires at least 15 hours of instruction and at least 30 hours of supplementary assignments per semester. For every hour of lecture, two hours of homework and studying are expected.

20 20 GlossaryGrade Point Average GPA (Grade Point Average) is a universitys means for measuring the quality of student academic performance. Most US universities, including The University of Iowa, use a 4 point system, which allots a specific number of points for each letter grade (A = 4 points, B = 3 points, etc.). The letter grade earned is multiplied by the credit hours of the course to achieve the grade points earned for each course. Dividing the total number of grade points by the number of credit hours attempted gives the GPA.GPA (Grade Point Average) is a universitys means for measuring the quality of student academic performance. Most US universities, including The University of Iowa, use a 4 point system, which allots a specific number of points for each letter grade (A = 4 points, B = 3 points, etc.). The letter grade earned is multiplied by the credit hours of the course to achieve the grade points earned for each course. Dividing the total number of grade points by the number of credit hours attempted gives the GPA.

21 21 Education at the University of Iowa

22 22 In the Classroom

23 23 In the Classroom University of Iowa Iowa City, IowaIowa City, Iowa Established in 1847Established in 1847 125 major buildings125 major buildings 1,900 acres1,900 acres 29,900 students enrolled29,900 students enrolled Yearly TuitionYearly Tuition Iowa Residents: $6,200 (US) Iowa Residents: $6,200 (US) Non-Residents: $18,400 (US) Non-Residents: $18,400 (US)

24 24 In the Classroom Areas of Study 100+ Undergraduate Majors100+ Undergraduate Majors 107 Graduate Student Areas of Study107 Graduate Student Areas of Study 7 Professional Degrees7 Professional Degrees 11 Colleges:11 Colleges: College of Liberal Arts & Sciences College of Liberal Arts & Sciences College of Dentistry College of Dentistry College of Education College of Education College of Law College of Law College of Nursing College of Nursing College of Pharmacy College of Pharmacy College of Public Health College of Public Health Graduate College Graduate College Henry B. Tippie College of Business Henry B. Tippie College of Business Roy J. & Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine Roy J. & Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine College of Engineering College of Engineering

25 25 In the Classroom College of Engineering DepartmentsDepartments Civil & Environmental Civil & Environmental Mechanical Mechanical Electrical & Computer Electrical & Computer Industrial Industrial Biomedical Biomedical 4-year program4-year program Students:Students: 1,600 enrolled 1,600 enrolled 79% male, 21% female 79% male, 21% female 128 professional, scientific, & merit staff members128 professional, scientific, & merit staff members Research Expenditures: $28.9 million (US)Research Expenditures: $28.9 million (US)

26 26 In the Classroom Registration Meet with advisor to discuss course scheduleMeet with advisor to discuss course schedule Undergraduates take 12-18 semester hoursUndergraduates take 12-18 semester hours Register for courses onlineRegister for courses online Change schedule until first day of classChange schedule until first day of class Classes can be dropped/added within 2 weeks, without affecting transcriptClasses can be dropped/added within 2 weeks, without affecting transcript 11 weeks to withdraw any course11 weeks to withdraw any course Second-grade option, up to 3 coursesSecond-grade option, up to 3 courses

27 27 In the Classroom Typical Class Schedule 12-18 semester hours per semester12-18 semester hours per semester

28 28 In the Classroom Typical Course Lectures meet 2-3 days/weekLectures meet 2-3 days/week 50-75 minutes 50-75 minutes 50 min. discussion meet once/week 50 min. discussion meet once/week 2-3 hour lab meet once/week 2-3 hour lab meet once/week 1-3 homework assignments/week1-3 homework assignments/week Research ReportsResearch Reports Lab ReportsLab Reports 1-3 Midterm Exams1-3 Midterm Exams 1 Final Exam1 Final Exam

29 29 In the Classroom Graduation Requirements Must complete 128 semester hours towards degreeMust complete 128 semester hours towards degree Required General Engineering Courses:Required General Engineering Courses: Calculus 1&2 Calculus 1&2 Matrix Algebra Matrix Algebra Differential Equations Differential Equations Engineering Problem Solving 1&2 Engineering Problem Solving 1&2 Principles of Chemistry Principles of Chemistry Introduction to Physics Introduction to Physics Statics Statics Electrical Circuits Electrical Circuits Mechanics of Deformable Bodies Mechanics of Deformable Bodies Thermodynamics Thermodynamics

30 30 In the Classroom Graduation Requirements Must complete 21 semester hours in elective focus areaMust complete 21 semester hours in elective focus area 2 Design Courses2 Design Courses Additional RequirementsAdditional Requirements Rhetoric Rhetoric 15 SH of General Education Courses 15 SH of General Education Courses HumanitiesHumanities Social SciencesSocial Sciences GPA of 2.0 or higherGPA of 2.0 or higher

31 31 Social Life

32 32 Social Life Tailgating Saturday mornings in the fallSaturday mornings in the fall 6am to game time6am to game time Students, Alumni, Faculty, FansStudents, Alumni, Faculty, Fans

33 33 Social Life Even Politicians Tailgate

34 34 Social Life Kinnick Stadium Capacity of 70,397Capacity of 70,397 $US 90 Million Renovation$US 90 Million Renovation

35 35 American Society of Civil EngineersAmerican Society of Civil Engineers Engineers for a Sustainable WorldEngineers for a Sustainable World Society of Automotive EngineersSociety of Automotive Engineers Tau Beta Pi, Chi Epsilon, Pi Tau SigmaTau Beta Pi, Chi Epsilon, Pi Tau Sigma Social Life Student Organizations

36 36 Social Life ASCE Concrete CanoeConcrete Canoe Steel BridgeSteel Bridge Road CleanupRoad Cleanup Professional NetworkingProfessional Networking Social EventsSocial Events

37 37 Social Life It Really Floats

38 38 Social Life SAE Baja Car

39 39 Iowa has 33 Club SportsIowa has 33 Club Sports Aikido to Water Skiing Aikido to Water Skiing Mens and Womens Teams Mens and Womens Teams Often self-finance travel expensesOften self-finance travel expenses Some teams travel all across the United States to competeSome teams travel all across the United States to compete Social Life Club Sports

40 40 Iowa Club Team (Competitive)Iowa Club Team (Competitive) Co-ed Recreational Summer LeagueCo-ed Recreational Summer League Social Life Ultimate Frisbee

41 41 Social Life Club Ultimate Frisbee

42 42 Like traditional golf, except…Like traditional golf, except… Baskets instead of holesBaskets instead of holes Special discs instead of balls and clubsSpecial discs instead of balls and clubs Its freeIts free Social Life Disc Golf

43 43 Pedestrian MallPedestrian Mall Many, many barsMany, many bars Bars are always occupiedBars are always occupied FACFriday After ClassFACFriday After Class Social Life Nightlife

44 44 Friday Night Concert SeriesFriday Night Concert Series Jazz FestJazz Fest Large Music FestivalsLarge Music Festivals Bonnaroo Bonnaroo Lolapalooza Lolapalooza Social Life Live Music

45 45 Social Life Outdoor Recreation CampingCamping Rock ClimbingRock Climbing CanoeingCanoeing CyclingCycling SleddingSledding SkiingSkiing

46 46 Registers Annual Great Bike Ride Across IowaRegisters Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa 8,500 Participants8,500 Participants Average 760 km RouteAverage 760 km Route Ride in 7 DaysRide in 7 Days Longest, Largest, and Oldest Touring Bicycle Ride in the WorldLongest, Largest, and Oldest Touring Bicycle Ride in the World Social Life RAGBRAI

47 47 Dormitory and Apartment Life

48 48 Dorm and Apartment Life DormsOn campus Housing Traditional students usually live in the dorms for at least one yearTraditional students usually live in the dorms for at least one year 10 dorms at Iowa10 dorms at Iowa 140-1,000 people in each dorm, totaling more than 5,000 for all the dorms140-1,000 people in each dorm, totaling more than 5,000 for all the dorms

49 49 Dorm and Apartment Life DormsCosts and Rules Room ranges from about $3,300-$8,000 per academic yearRoom ranges from about $3,300-$8,000 per academic year No drinking alcohol and no co-ed roomsNo drinking alcohol and no co-ed rooms Board costs about $2,200 per yearBoard costs about $2,200 per year

50 50 Dorm and Apartment Life Inside a Dorm Room

51 51 Dorm and Apartment Life Dormitory Food Court

52 52 Dorm and Apartment Life Apartments – Off campus Students usually live in apartments after their sophomore yearStudents usually live in apartments after their sophomore year Rent -$3,500 to $8,500 per academic yearRent -$3,500 to $8,500 per academic year Usually more freedom than dorms or fraternity housesUsually more freedom than dorms or fraternity houses

53 53 Dorm and Apartment Life Inside a Student Apartment

54 54 Dorm and Apartment Life Fraternity Houses – Off campus Students who are in a fraternity or sorority may choose to live in their respect houseStudents who are in a fraternity or sorority may choose to live in their respect house Room and board cost approximately $3,000 per year, although membership dues are also required which may also be several thousand dollarsRoom and board cost approximately $3,000 per year, although membership dues are also required which may also be several thousand dollars

55 55 Dorm and Apartment Life Inside a Fraternity House

56 56 The University of Iowa

57 57 Graduate Study Preparing for Graduate SchoolPreparing for Graduate School Types of AppointmentsTypes of Appointments Research & Course RequirementsResearch & Course Requirements Social LifeSocial Life Career SearchCareer Search

58 58 1.Standard Testing 2.Statement of Purpose 3.Transcript 4.Work Experience Graduate Study Preparation

59 59 Graduate Study Preparation Law School Admissions TestLaw School Admissions Test Medical College Admissions TestMedical College Admissions Test Graduate Management Admissions TestsGraduate Management Admissions Tests Dental Admissions TestDental Admissions Test Graduate Record ExamGraduate Record Exam Test Of English as Foreign LanguageTest Of English as Foreign Language Lawyers Doctors Business People Dentists Everyone Else All International Students Standardized Test Profession1

60 60 Graduate Study Preparation Statement of Purpose Introduce yourself What you want to study Why you want to study it Career goals and objectives How will this school help you achieve your goals? Include Resume or Curriculum Vitae detailing previous work experience 23 4

61 61 FellowshipFellowship Most competitive, awarded by large agencies Most competitive, awarded by large agencies Research AssistantshipsResearch Assistantships Offered through the institution, part-time paid researcher Offered through the institution, part-time paid researcher Teaching AssistantshipsTeaching Assistantships Assist in the teaching of a course, part-time paid assistant Assist in the teaching of a course, part-time paid assistant Graduate Study Appointments

62 62 Graduate Study Research/Course Requirements 20 hours per week of research20 hours per week of research Most do more than this Most do more than this Keep up with course workKeep up with course work 3 or 4 classes at a time 3 or 4 classes at a time Some more demanding than others Some more demanding than others Masters DegreeMasters Degree 8 classes plus a thesis 8 classes plus a thesis PhD RequirementsPhD Requirements 24 classes plus a dissertation 24 classes plus a dissertation

63 63 Education at IIHR

64 64 IIHR Mission of IIHR Understanding of the physics of flow and flow-related processesUnderstanding of the physics of flow and flow-related processes Development of analysis, modeling and simulation skillsDevelopment of analysis, modeling and simulation skills Use of state-of-the-art equipment, instrumentation and computer methodsUse of state-of-the-art equipment, instrumentation and computer methods Appreciation of environmental, economic, social and international issuesAppreciation of environmental, economic, social and international issues Communication skills for a successful professional careerCommunication skills for a successful professional career 64 Computational Fluid Dynamics

65 65 IIHR IIHR Facilities Computational & physical model experimentation laboratoriesComputational & physical model experimentation laboratories High speed computer facilityHigh speed computer facility Low-turbulence wind tunnelLow-turbulence wind tunnel Vortex-dynamics laboratoryVortex-dynamics laboratory Ship model towing tankShip model towing tank 3-D scanning elastic lidar3-D scanning elastic lidar And many more labsAnd many more labs 65

66 66 IIHR Research Opportunites Atmospheric & climate processesAtmospheric & climate processes Biofluid mechanicsBiofluid mechanics Computational hydraulicsComputational hydraulics Computational fluid dynamicsComputational fluid dynamics Environmental hydraulics & fluid mechanicsEnvironmental hydraulics & fluid mechanics Hydraulic engineeringHydraulic engineering Hydraulic-structure designHydraulic-structure design Hydrologic engineeringHydrologic engineering HydrometeorologyHydrometeorology Ice mechanicsIce mechanics Industrial & aeronautical fluid mechanicsIndustrial & aeronautical fluid mechanics River engineeringRiver engineering Ship hydrodynamicsShip hydrodynamics Urban hydrology & hydraulicsUrban hydrology & hydraulics Watershed processes & managementWatershed processes & management Water-resources engineering & managementWater-resources engineering & management 66

67 67 IIHR Graduate Studies Funding Graduate Research AssistantshipsGraduate Research Assistantships IIHR Graduate FellowshipsIIHR Graduate Fellowships UI FellowshipsUI Fellowships International fellowships (for short term graduate studies)International fellowships (for short term graduate studies) 67

68 68 IIHR Graduate Student Offices

69 69 IIHR Masters Degree Requirements 24 Semester Hours (8 Classes) plus thesis24 Semester Hours (8 Classes) plus thesis Must take:Must take: Probabilistic Methods in Hydroscience Probabilistic Methods in Hydroscience Intermediate Mechanics of Fluids Intermediate Mechanics of Fluids Flow in Open Channels Flow in Open Channels Hydrometeorology Hydrometeorology Must also take 4 other electivesMust also take 4 other electives Dozens of electives to choose fromDozens of electives to choose from

70 70 IIHR Ph.D. Requirements 90 Semester Hours plus dissertation90 Semester Hours plus dissertation Up to 25 hours may be for researchUp to 25 hours may be for research Examples of other courses offered:Examples of other courses offered: Coastal Hydrodynamics Coastal Hydrodynamics Environmental Dispersion Processes Environmental Dispersion Processes Computational Hydraulics Computational Hydraulics Viscous Flow Viscous Flow Inviscid Flow Inviscid Flow

71 71 Social Life Students of IIHR Regularly go out for pizzaRegularly go out for pizza Monthly bigger activityMonthly bigger activity Ski trip Ski trip Visit to historical site in hydraulics Visit to historical site in hydraulics

72 72 Social Life Students of IIHR

73 73 Social Life Students of IIHR Oldest hydroelectric plant in the worldOldest hydroelectric plant in the world Located on the Mississippi River, 1.5 hours from IIHR- Hydro-science and EngineeringLocated on the Mississippi River, 1.5 hours from IIHR- Hydro-science and Engineering

74 74 Social Life Students of IIHR

75 75 Career Search The lab is well-networkedThe lab is well-networked Employers often contact professors looking for graduatesEmployers often contact professors looking for graduates Many go into consultingMany go into consulting Minimum salary Minimum salary Usually at least $50,000 per year Usually at least $50,000 per year

76 76 College Life in the U.S. Questions? Ryan AsmanNicole Nyugen Holly MoriarityMichael Schaefer May 2007 http://www.iihr.uiowa.edu


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