Presentation on theme: "Livable Cities and Urban Development - a perspective to urban renewal from the city statistics and urban research Mari Vaattovaara Professor of Urban Geography."— Presentation transcript:
Livable Cities and Urban Development - a perspective to urban renewal from the city statistics and urban research Mari Vaattovaara Professor of Urban Geography University of Helsinki
I am not about to discuss livable cities or urban development from the traditional perspectives of my research Segregation Immigration Housing preferences Knowledge and creative industries …. where the help and statistics from the Urban Facts has been very central Thank you Asta Manninen and Pekka Vuori
But rather from a perspective where I think the research and statistics really have made a major contribution not only by adding analytical understanding but also by offering a different perspective
An approach to livable city through urban renewal We - prof. Matti Kortteinen & I together with the researchers and students worked with the world known experts in engineering (VTT) and some of the best architects from Aalto University to create a livable neighbourhood or a suburb.
Role and importance of suburbs – a major issue in terms of urban future or urban sustainability 1/3 of the apartments locate in the suburbs 1/5 of the population lives in suburbs the least energy efficient part of the whole housing stock
The process of urbanisation was late in Finland
Traditional – and as such - more and more advanced way is to start from the technical details and possibilities (Jyri Nieminen VTT)
Heating VTT Jyri Nieminen
Exteriors, doors and windows etc.
Or from architectural or urban planning premises
Potential of the renewal /TKK dept. of architecture
Helsinki University of Technology, Dept. of architecture/ VTT Suunnitelma ja visualisointi: TKK Arkkitehtuurin laitos, Puurakentaminen 2009.
Urban planning pespective
In our case we started from the historical context – why were they built Loads of statistical and planning documentation was retreived from the arcives Peltosaari was born as part of the late but rapid industrialisation of Finland All the future predictions and best calculations expected the industrialisation and construction to continue
The population data and forecasts: Over half of the population was predicted to work in the traditional industries during 1990s
Now the suburb is a part of knowldge intensive, pocket sized metropolitan region And the success or failure depends on the municipalitys and suburbs ability to attract highly educated middle class Municipality of Riihimäki has not succeeded too well in the regional competition according to the indicators that we used Kuva 2. Riihimäen asemaa metropolialueella kuvaavien tilastollisten indikaattorien luokitukset osatehtävän tulosten pohjalta (Helin, Lehto & Stjernberg 2009).
As part of this national restructuring process – several suburbs have lost their position
Male employment rate 2007 Source: Pekka Vuori
Peltosaari is in its own category (unemployment rate)
Housing market position in the Helsinki metropolitan area
Spatial differences are huge
A survey, the results of which were comparable to a similar survey in the capital region was conducted in this neighbourhood. The comparison between Peltosaari and the lowest spatial decile of the suburbs of the capital region - indicated that the problems related to social disorder and insecurity doubled in this suburb compared to suburbs closer to the regional center. Adding to this - the problems in everyday life were mainly related to social disorder and feelings of security
Thus the willngness to move out was especially high among the knowledge workers with high education 55 % out of residents with academic degree
Central challenge is to overcome the rethoric regeneration Part of the literature concerning regeneration comes dangerously close to painting a romantic picture of large public housing estates as products of working class political action (Alan Murie 2009)
The aim should be to develop an area that would (i) support the strategy of the municipality (positioning in the metro- area) (ii) fulfill the requirements of modern construction (ecology, architecture) (iii) take care of the current residents
How? By at least including aside to the technical and architectural thinking the historic context, position in the region (housing market), socio-economic situation and the social life of the neighborhood. Which requires Different approaches, knowledge and methods