4 EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION born on July 28, 1951 in a town of benimamet, near Valencia, Spain.From the age of 8, he also attended the arts and crafts school,At the age 13 he was an exchange student in France and traveled to study in Switzerland.He earned a degree in architecture and took a post-graduate course in urbanism.Being attracted by mathematics, calatrava decided to pursue post-graduate studies in civil engineering, so he was enrolled in the federal institute of technology in Zurich, Switzerland in 1975.he received his doctor rate in 1979, during that period he met and married his wife, who was a law student in Zurich.
5 A r c h I t e c t A r t I s t E n g I n e e r Santiago calatrava is a man of his time; an architect of public space, who has total conscience of the political and social function as well as the aesthetics of it. He is a ‘monumental’ architect. This comes out of the result exactly because he knows what public space and modernism means.-evangelos venizelos Minister of cultureCalatrava is not just an architect, he is an engineer and an artist a homo universalize of the 21st century dimitrios pantermalisprofessor of classical archaeology
7 INSPIRATIONS The works of gothic Works of antony Gaudi human figure and nature’s creativityExperimentation with materials and their propertiesopera de TenerifeSan Sebastian - Bodegas Ysios
8 STYLESblends impressive visual style and the strict rules of engineeringSymbolic AND recognizable the world over for the sense of movement captureD in a stationary object.long sweeping lines, stark white materials and a flawless use of glass and light.Had a definite vision of inside and outside, the concave and convex, of how we face the specific world
10 HSB Turning Torso is one of the tallest residential buildings in Europe and holds apartments, offices and meeting facilities.The vision of HSB Turning Torso is based on a sculpture called Twisting Torso by Santiago Calatrava himself.Inspiration from the human body in a twisting motion.
13 BUILDING FACTS 190 metres high Consists of nine cubes with five floors each.Together with intermediate floors atotal of 54 floors.Each floor has 400m² of available space.147 apartments from cube three to nine.meeting facilities on the two top floors.Each floor consists of a square part around the core and a triangular part which is supported by an external steel structure.The entire construction twists 90 degrees on its way up with each floor tilting by 1.6 degrees
14 KEY DATES MAY 2003 Ground breaking 14th Feb 2001 Construction started June 2001Casting of foundation March 2002Foundations complete August 2002Completion date November 2005JAN 2004
23 FACADE ROTATION OF FLOORS facade is a glass and aluminum construction 2,800 panels and 2,250 windowsFollow the twist of the building, the windows are leaning either inwards or outwards by 0 to 7 degrees.ROTATION OF FLOORSForms for the floors were rotated approx. 1.6 degrees for each floor in order to create the characteristic twist of the building.
24 OUTER STEEL SUPORT AND SPINE The steel support is a welded construction with a very thorough paint treatment for optimal protection against corrosion.The outer steel support consists of a steel column and 20 horizontal and 18 diagonal ”steel cigars”
25 LIFTS3 lifts service the residential part of the building and HSB Turning Torso MeetingsTwo separate lifts service the offices :ensures high capacity and minimum waiting even during “rush hour” and in the instances when a lift is closed for maintenance.
28 SHEETING & FOUNDATIONS Foundation: built directly on the limestone bedrock.Profiled steel plates, forming the foundation shaft, were driven 15 m. into the ground and a further 3m into the limestone bedrockConcrete beams, poured at regular intervals on the inside of the sheeting to stabilize the steel lining against the pressure of the soil outsideConcrete construction was poured onto the bedrock, 30 meters in diameter and 7 meters thick
29 CLIMBING FORMS AND BEAMS each cube were made with so-called self-compacting concrete.Because of its flow capacity, this type of concrete does not need vibrating.
30 PANAROMIC VIEW FROM THE 3RD CUBE: 1ST APARTMENT LEVEL
42 COMMERCIAL SPACEThe total commercial space is approximately 4,000 m² in the lower two cubes i.e. 10 floors.The commercial area has its own lifts and all conceivable comforts in heating, cooling and IT systems.
43 HSB Turning Torso Meetings On the two top floors, 53rd and 54th.attractive and inspiring meeting facilities.
44 SOME OF CALATRAVAS MOST FAMOUSE STRUCTURE ALL AROUND THE WORLD.
58 APPRAISALThe elemental and lyrical forms of Calatrava’s architecture, known and loved across the globe.Santiago Calatrava exemplifies sculptural expression and engineering through architecture. Calatrava’s work is like music: well orchestratedAlthough his buildings were known for their aesthetics,they never compromised on the grounds of functionalitybuilt energy efficient structuresThe fact that much of his work is centred aroundwater which adds a further dimension to his work.
59 CRITICISM Often criticized for impracticality the mechanical instability of the structure and the excessive weight of the bridgeEconomyThe trainstation Gare do Oriente in Lisbon is known for being very uncomfortable, especially with wind and rainy weather.TRANSTATION GARE DO ORIENTE, LISBON, PORTUGAL