Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Russian History and Culture Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Salem, Virginia.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Russian History and Culture Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Salem, Virginia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Russian History and Culture Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Salem, Virginia

2 Russian History 1861Serfs freed 1861Serfs freed 1904-05: War with Japan 1904-05: War with Japan 1917: Bolshevik Revolution, Czar overthrown 1917: Bolshevik Revolution, Czar overthrown 1924: Lenin dies 1924: Lenin dies 1924-53: Stalin in power, 30 million killed in war/opposition 1924-53: Stalin in power, 30 million killed in war/opposition 1939-45: World War II Great Patriotic War 1939-45: World War II Great Patriotic War 1941-45: Russia allied with US/UK 1941-45: Russia allied with US/UK 1953: Stalin dies, Khrushchev promotes peaceful coexistence 1953: Stalin dies, Khrushchev promotes peaceful coexistence 1955: Warsaw Pact 1955: Warsaw Pact 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis 1964: Brezhnev boots out Khrushchev 1964: Brezhnev boots out Khrushchev 1984 and 1985: Andropov, Chernenko die 1984 and 1985: Andropov, Chernenko die 1985: Gorbachev becomes Premier 1985: Gorbachev becomes Premier 1991: Yeltsin takes over, Russian Federation formed, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) formed 1991: Yeltsin takes over, Russian Federation formed, Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) formed 1993: New Constitution 1993: New Constitution

3 The Gorbachev Era (1985-91) Reforms: Reforms: Perestroikaeconomic restructuring Perestroikaeconomic restructuring Glasnostpolitical reforms/openness Glasnostpolitical reforms/openness

4 Government The Kremlin is Russia's mythic refuge, a self contained city with a multitude of palaces, armories, and churches, a medieval fortress that links the modern nation to its legendary past. All photos on the page from http://www.galenfrysinger.com/moscow_2001.htm http://www.galenfrysinger.com/moscow_2001.htm no copyright

5 The center of Russian Government Red Square in Moscow http://www.coolfamily.com/Siberia/02%20Entering%20Red%20Square.JPG no copyright

6 An example of the rapidly built, pre-fabricated, apartment complexes built throughout the Soviet Union during the rule of the Communist to ensure all people had adequate housing. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

7 Completed apartment building. This is typical of hundreds of apartments built throughout the Soviet Union. The apartments were small and crowded. Families shared bathrooms http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

8 Culture The main religion is the Russian Orthodox Church. The Church architecture is distinguished by the presence of the onion dome. The photo is of St. Basils cathedral in Red Square in Moscow. http://www.galenfrysinger.com/russia.htm no copyright

9 Structure of the Christian Church Created by EJoyce using Inspiration Software

10 Culture Icons are displayed on the walls and on special stands in the Eastern Orthodox Church to remind believers about Jesus Christ and events in his life, and about the saints. Mother of GodJesus Christ People kiss icons and light candles in front of them to show that they love the person who is shown in the icon. These actions are also signs of asking the person shown on the icon for help or for a blessing. http://www.request.org.uk/main/churches/orthodox/christ.jpg No copyright

11 Culture Bolshoy Theatre Bolshoy is considered one of the best opera and ballet theatres in Europe and the world. As with many other things, tickets for foreigners are more expensive than for Russian citizens Bolshoy is considered one of the best opera and ballet theatres in Europe and the world. As with many other things, tickets for foreigners are more expensive than for Russian citizens http://www.nssnt.org/SpaceBallet_files/image005.jpg no copyright information

12 Culture-The circus is popular in Russia http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus- Acrobat3.jpghttp://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus- Acrobat3.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. Used with permission http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Horses-1.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. Used with permission http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Horses-1.jpg http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Acrobat-2.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved Used with permission

13 Culture- The art and architecture of the Moscow metro. A painted mural that honors the workers inside a metro station http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/MetroKomsomolskayaMural-2.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. Used with permission

14 Culture- The Moscow metro stations compete with some of the most beautiful buildings in Moscow http://www.geocities.com/bmetro1/moscow.html permission requested Beautiful photos of the metro can be viewed at this site and inserted on this slide

15 Culture Russian wooden dolls within smaller dolls were called matryoshka. In old Russian among peasants the name Matryona or Matriosha was a very popular female name. Scholars says this name has a Latin root "mater" and means "Mother". This name was associated with the image of of a mother of a big peasant family who was very healthy and had a portly figure. http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=2926072723&category=2391 no copyright

16 Culture Samovar is a Russian tea pot. Tea was introduced to Russia in the 17 th century by the Mongolians. Tea was first used as a medicine for the nobility. http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=3517635552&category=4174 No copyright information

17 CultureFaberge Eggs http://users.vnet.net/schulman/Faberge/eggs.html#illus no copyright Around 1885, Russian jeweler Peter Carl Fabergé took the decoration of eggs to new heights. He volunteered to create a jewelry egg for Czar Alexander III to give his wife, Marie. Fabergé kept the egg a secret, but delighted the royal family with an ordinary looking "egg," but with tiny surprises made of gold, enamel, and precious gems inside. Alexander III

18 Russian Village http://www.coolfamily.com/Siberia/22%20Buryat%20village-Khuzhir.JPG no copyright

19 Portable Yurts are homes for nomads in northern Russia http://www.dreamchange.org/library/yurt.jpg no copyright

20 Natural gas is transported through pipelines in the taiga forest. Natural gas is transported through pipelines in the taiga forest. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/misc/ used with permission for educational purposes Shipping Natural Resources

21 Citizens at work in the USSR An assembly line worker workers on the axel of the car. Every workplace in the Soviet Union provided more than just work they also provided a variety of social services related to work and pro-actively built a sense of community among workers. (circa 1980s) An assembly line worker workers on the axel of the car. Every workplace in the Soviet Union provided more than just work they also provided a variety of social services related to work and pro-actively built a sense of community among workers. (circa 1980s) http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

22 Citizens at work in the USSR A worker operates a silk spinning machine. A worker operates a silk spinning machine. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

23 Citizens at work in the USSR A forklift operator. (circa 1980s) http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

24 Citizens at work in the USSR A worker and his family float timber down the river. (circa 1950s A worker and his family float timber down the river. (circa 1950s http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

25 Citizens at work in the USSR Men working beside women, lever a section of the Trans-Siberian railroad track into place. In some places the track cannot be used for two years because the permafrost will move and settle the tracks. The railway crossed seven mountain ranges, spanned 3,700 gorges, swamps, streams and rivers.. Men working beside women, lever a section of the Trans-Siberian railroad track into place. In some places the track cannot be used for two years because the permafrost will move and settle the tracks. The railway crossed seven mountain ranges, spanned 3,700 gorges, swamps, streams and rivers.. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission

26 The results of unchecked pollution Magnitogorsk, Russia. 1993 - On winter Sundays, men gather to drill fishing holes in the thick ice covering the Ural River. Knowing that the river is highly polluted by waste water from one of the worlds largest steel plants, they often sell their catch rather than consume it themselves http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

27 The results of unchecked pollution Moscow, Russia. 1993 - Several clusters of children with missing forearms were discovered in Moscow like the eight shown here. All these hemi-melia births, as scientists call them, occurred between 1985 and 1990 in two neighborhoods. Although no certain links can be drawn between these birth defects and Moscow's bewildering mix of pollutants (dioxin, military plants, trash incinerators etc.), most scientific research points to pollution as a cause. http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

28 The results of unchecked pollution Semey, Kazakhstan. 1993 - Blind and disfigured from birth, 13- year-old Berik Sysdykov lives downwind of the old Semipalatinsk test site in northeastern Kazakhstan, where inhabitants attribute a plague of birth defects to nuclear fallout. Between 1949 and 1989 nearly 500 nuclear devices were detonated here. most scientific research points to pollution as a cause. http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

29 The results of unchecked pollution Kiev, Ukraine. 1993 - Baffling cases of allergies and dermatological diseases among children like this one afflicted with skin disease, are raising alarm among parents and doctors who attribute the rise in the number of diseases to the Chernobyl accident and pollutants from nearby industrial centers. http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

30 The results of unchecked pollution Baku, Azerbaijan. 1993 With forests of oil rigs in their back yard the children of suburban Baku have learned to use the vicious pools of runoff from dilapidated and leaky pumps as substitutes for missing playgrounds. http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

31 The results of unchecked pollution People collect kerosene that leaks from underground tanks. It is so much kerosene that people have started to dig wells and ditches in the ground to collect about 600 liters per day. The "kerosene-exploration" has become a commercial venture. Students or pensioners are employed to work in shifts around the clock, and a certain percentage of the profit goes to the local mafia. A teacher said that 2 days of collecting kerosene equals his monthly salary. http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes

32 The results of unchecked pollution http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes In Novokuznetsk, Russia, KMK (Kuznetsk Metallurgical Kombinate) a huge steel plant and the main polluter in town, is belching thick smoke filled with carbon monoxide into the Siberian sky.


Download ppt "Russian History and Culture Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Salem, Virginia."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google