Presentation on theme: "Medford Fire Prevention Bureau"— Presentation transcript:
1Medford Fire Prevention Bureau Apartment Fire SafetyIntroductionMedford Fire Prevention Bureau
22009 Medford Structural Fire Statistics Structure Fires by Type:82% Residential18% Commercial
32009 Medford Structural Fire Statistics Residential Structure Fires by Type:64% Single Family Residence7% Duplex19% Multi-Family
42009 Residential Fire Statistics Time of Alarm:9% between 12:00 AM and 3:59 AM6% between 4:00 AM and 7:59 AM10% between 8:00 AM and 11:59 AM24% between 12:00 PM and 3:59 PM28% between 4:00 PM and 7:59 PM23% between 8:00 PM and 11:59 PM
52009 Residential Fire Statistics Areas of Origin:33% kitchens6% common rooms (living room, den, family room)6% exterior originsCauses:80% unintentional10% intentional8% undetermined2% act of natureInitial Ignition Heat Sources:22% radiated/conducted heat from operating equipment14% from powered equipment13% heat from hot ember or ash
62009 Residential Fire Statistics Smoke Alarms:54% present and alerted the residents31% did not alert or were not present
7National Residential Fire Statistics-Primary Victims Children2,500 children aged 14 or younger were injured or killed in residential fires (2002)½ under the age of 5 and 70% under the age of 10Older Adults2,300 adults age 65 or older were injured or killed in residential fires (2002)80% between ages 65-842.5 times more likely to die in a fire than the overall populationSource: USFA
8National Residential Fire Statistics-Primary Victims ChildrenYoung children often hide during firesYoung children may sleep through a sounding smoke alarmOlder AdultsOlder adults may suffer from reduced sensory abilities such as smell, touch, vision, and hearingInability to smell smokeInability to feel if something is hotInability to see fires or notice fire causesInability to hear smoke alarms or fire soundsMay suffer from disabilitiesReduced reaction timesSource: USFA
9Cooking Fires Statistics: Responsible annually for an average of: 100,000 home fires400 deaths5,000 civilian injuries$200 million in property damagePrimary cause-unattended cooking
10Cooking Safety Safety measures: Never leave cooking food unattended Keep combustible material and loose clothing away from open flamesKeep the appliance and cooking area cleanUse extra caution with cooking oils as they can ignite easilyAlways turn the pan handle sideways
11Cooking Fires Statistics: Burns: Cooking is leading cause of burn injuries among older peopleBurns:Treat a burn immediatelyCool a burn with cool water, never iceCover a burn with a clean, dry cloth or bandageDon’t use ointment, spray, or butterIf a burn is larger than your fist, get medical help.If you have questions about burn injuries, the Oregon Burn Center atFor life threatening emergencies, call 9-1-1Source: OSFM; USFA
12Portable Heater Fires Statistics: Responsible annually for an average of:62,200 fires670 deaths1,550 civilian injuries$909 million in property damagePrimary cause-combustibles too close
13Portable Heater Safety Safety measures:Keep heaters a minimum of 36” away from combustiblesPlug directly into a wall outlet. Don’t use an extension cordUse only heaters with built-in high temperature and tip-over shutoff featuresDo not use un-vented fuel-fired heaters indoorsDo not hang combustible items to dry over a heaterTurn off portable heaters when family members are sleeping or leave the houseKeep heaters out of high traffic areas and exit paths
14Candle Fires Statistics: Responsible annually for an average of: 23,600 home fires165 deaths1,525 civilian injuries$300 million in property damagePrimary cause-unattended candles
15Candle Safety Safety measures: Blow out candles before leaving the roomKeep candles away from items that can burnAlways use sturdy metal, glass or ceramic candle holdersPlace candles out of reach of small children and pets
16Electrical Fires Statistics: Safety measures: Homes more than 40 years old are 3 times more likely to catch fire from electrical causes than homes years oldSafety measures:Replace electrical cords that show signs of damage, and never coil or walk on cordsAvoid using extension cords. Use a power strip with a built-in circuit breaker insteadAvoid overloading circuitsHave an electrician check your house if fuses blow or breakers trip frequentlyHave an electrician check your house if you frequently experience dimming of lightingSource: USFA
17Clothes Dryer Fires Statistics: Responsible annually for an average of:15,500 home fires10 deaths310 injuries$84.4 million in property damage.
18Clothes Dryer Fires Safety measures: Clean the lint screen before every useClean out exhaust vents regularly and check for proper airflowUse a smooth metal exhaust vent (avoid using foil or plastic venting)Use a cool-down cycle to prevent the possibility of spontaneous ignitionDo not dry clothing/fabric on which there is anything flammable (alcohol, cooking oils, gasoline, spot removers, dry-cleaning solvents, etc.)Cotton fabrics are susceptible to spontaneous ignition if they have interacted with oils even if they have been laundered with detergent. Any fabric that has been exposed to oils should be stored in a covered metal container.
19Smoking Statistics: Safety measures: The leading cause of fire-related deathsAccounts for nearly 1/3 of fire deaths in adults over age 70Safety measures:Always discard smoldering and spent cigarettes properlyUse large non-combustible deep and tip resistant ashtraysNever smoke in bedNever smoke while using oxygen. Warn visitors not to smoke near you.Douse cigarettes with water before throwing them in the trashAlways keep matches/lighters out of reach of children
20Carbon Monoxide Statistics: Safety measures: Responsible annually for an average of:Over 400 deaths per yearOver 20,000 emergency room visitsSafety measures:Install a CO detectorNever use portable fueled/unvented heaters in your home. These will cause a CO buildup and may also deplete the oxygen to dangerously low levels.Never use a gas oven to heat your homeNever use charcoal or propane fueled barbeques indoorsNever idle the car in the garage for extended periods of time or with the garage door closedNever use a generator in your homeHave your chimney checked or cleaned every year. Chimneys blocked by debris can cause CO to build up inside your home or cabin.Have your fuel-fired appliances inspected by a trained technician for proper venting
22Emergency GuideEmergency guide. A fire emergency guide shall be provided which describes the location, function and use of fire protection equipment and appliances accessible to residents, including fire alarm systems, smoke alarms, and portable fire extinguishers. The guide shall also include an emergency evacuation plan for each dwelling unit.Maintenance. Emergency guides shall be reviewed and approved….by the fire code official.Distribution. A copy of the emergency guide shall be given to each tenant prior to initial occupancy.
24Emergency Evacuation Drills Purpose of Fire DrillsTo be ready should an occurrence happen, increasing the chanced of survival. A disorganized evacuation can lead to confusion, injury, death and property damage.When RequiredGroup A: quarterly for employees onlyGroup B: annually500 or more occupants; 100 above or below lowest level of exit dischargeGroup E: monthly complete evacuation.Group I: quarterly each shift for staff only.Group R1: quarterly each shift for staff only.Group R-2 (college and university): quarterly all occupantsGroup R-4 & SR: see IFCHigh Rise: annually employees onlyFrequencySource: (OFC 405)
25Home Fire Escape Drills Plan Ahead and Practice!Establish a safe meeting place.Teach your children to crawl on the floor to avoid smoke and heat. Show them how to feel the door with the back of their hand and to not open the door if it is hot to the touch.Make sure you have two ways out of every sleeping room, and that the windows can be opened easily. If the primary route is blocked by smoke or fire, you may have to escape through a window.Conduct a fire drill at night to determine your child’s response, and practice until it becomes routine.Practice home escape drills with your family monthly.Sleep with bedroom doors closed to provide a barrier of protection from smoke and heat spreading into your bedrooms.
27What to Do in a Fire In case of fire, think “RACE”: Do not: Rescue all persons in immediate areaAlarm: announce the fire- Pull alarm and dial 911Confine the fire by closing doorsEvacuate/Extinguish the fire if possibleDo not:Try to fight the fireAttempt to re-enter a burning homeSources: Oregon Fire Code, NFPA, OSHA, and Numerous Business Emergency Plans.
28What If I Am Unable to Get Out? Create an area of refuge for yourselfSeal the roomUse wet cloth to stuff around cracks in doors and seal up vents to protect against smokeDo not break the windowsFlames and smoke can come back in from the outside. If you need air, open the window a crackStay low under the smokeThe freshest air is near the floor. Keep a wet cloth over your nose and mouth and breath through your nose onlySignal for helpUse the telephone, or hang something out the windowSources: Fire Safety for Older Persons, Seattle Fire Department.
29What about Elevators? Never use elevators in a fire emergency because: Elevators often fail during a fire, trapping occupantsElevator shafts may fill with smokeThe elevator needs to be available for the use of arriving firefightersSources: Fire Safety for Older Persons, Seattle Fire Department.
30How do I Use a Fire Extinguisher? Proper extinguisher use, think “PASS”:Pull trigger pin (Stand back several feet away from fire)Aim low, point the nozzle at the base of the fireSqueeze triggerSweep from side to side until the fire appears to be out
31Smoke Alarms are Essential Provides an early warning of a fire developing in your homeShould be on every level of the home, in the immediate area outside of the sleeping rooms, and in every bedroomShould be tested monthlyProperly placed and maintained smoke alarms increase your chances of surviving a fire by 50%If you discover your child will not wake to a traditional sounding alarm, consider installing a personalized parent voice alarm
32Carbon Monoxide Alarms Are needed when you have fuel-fired appliancesProvide an early warning of a Dangerous CO concentrations developing in your homeAccording to Oregon Administrative Rules, should be located within each bedroom or within 15 feet outside of each bedroom door. Bedrooms on separate floors in a structure containing two or more stories require separate carbon monoxide alarms.Should be installed according to manufacturer’s instructions
33Landlord-Tenant Laws Smoke Alarms Carbon Monoxide Landlord is required to provide working smoke alarm(s) when tenant movesTenant is resposible to test and maintain smoke alarm(s) and to replace dead batteriesCarbon MonoxideFor Units containing or connected to CO source:July 1, 2010Landlord is required to provide working CO alarm(s) when a landlord enters into a rental agreement for a dwelling unit subject to these rules on or after July 1, 2010.April 1, 2011Landlord is required to provide working CO alarm(s) to every dwelling unit by April 1, 2011.
34What Can I Do to Help Make This Facility Safe? Be observantPlan aheadKnow your exitsReport hazardsGet involved