Presentation on theme: "Catholic Social Teaching & Its Key Principles"— Presentation transcript:
1Catholic Social Teaching & Its Key Principles Sandie Cornish
2Outline 3 Elements What is Catholic Social Teaching? 4 Sources Principles for ReflectionCriteria for JudgmentGuidelines for Action4 Key PrinciplesHuman DignityThe Common GoodSubsidiaritySolidarityWhat is Catholic Social Teaching?4 SourcesScriptureReasonTraditionExperience
3What is Catholic Social Teaching? Sums up the teaching of the Church on social justice issues.Brings the light of Gospel to bear on the social dimension of life.Is part of the field of applied moral theology.A formal body of modern social teachings developed during 19th & 20th centuries.
5ScriptureThe roots of Catholic Social Teaching’s vision of a just society can be found in the Bible.Catholics do not read the Scriptures literally, looking for detailed rules to regulate our behavior.Since Vatican II, Scripture has played a more prominent role in Catholic Social Teaching.
6ReasonNatural law thinking holds that God’s will can be discerned by using our reason to examine the world.The philosophical language associated with natural law thinking has become less prominent in the post Vatican II teachings.Reason continues to play an important role in Catholic ethics.
7TraditionTradition refers to the Church’s previous reflection & teaching on social issues. It includes:Teaching documents by Popes, the Pope in Council, Bishops, and groups of Bishops (these are known as the social magisterium)The lived witness and writings of the saints, Doctors of the Church, and great leaders of the Early ChurchWisdom gathered from the experience of ordinary Christian communities as they have struggled to witness to the Gospel in their own times and places.
8ExperienceWe draw on experience because we believe that God continues to communicate with us through the people, places and events of history.We examine social issues by collecting information using the social sciences and any other relevant sources of human wisdom.Experience is closely connected with both tradition and reason.
9Principles for Reflection 3 ElementsPrinciples for ReflectionCriteria for JudgmentGuidelines for Action
10Principles for Reflection Perennial principles apply in all times and places.International Church documents identify four perennial principles. Other principles and criteria may be derived from these key principles.Principles operate at a high level of generality.They are the most authoritative element of the teachings.
11Criteria for JudgmentThe criteria for judgment provide ‘middle axioms’ that relate the principles and actual social issues.They develop from the dialogue of the principles with reflection on the experience of different times, places and issues.They are less authoritative than the principles, but more authoritative than the guidelines for action.
12Guidelines for Action These vary for different times and places. They involve practical judgments about socio-economic and political matters.Local teachings may give more specific guidelines for action while the international teachings tend to be more general.This element of the teachings is the least authoritative, & least binding on consciences.
134 Key Principles Human Dignity The Common Good Subsidiarity Solidarity
14Human DignityEach person is made in the image and likeness of God and has an inalienable and transcendent human dignity which gives rise to human rights.People are always more important than things. People are never a means or an instrument to be used for the benefit of another.Each person is equal in dignity and rights, and every human community, every race and culture is equal in dignity and rights. We are one human family because we are all children of the one God.
15Human DignityRelated ThemesQuote“Respect for the human person entails respect for the rights that flow from his [sic] dignity as a creature. These rights are prior to society and must be recognized by it. They are the basis of the moral legitimacy of every authority; by flouting them, or refusing to recognize them in its positive legislation, a society undermines its own moral legitimacy ...”Catechism of the Catholic Church, n 1930Unity of the human familyDefense of lifeHuman rightsNon discriminationPriority of labour over capitalIntegral human development
16Human Dignity Key Question: What is happening to people? “People are less important than the things that give profit to those who have political, social, economic power? What point have we come to? To the point that we are not aware of this dignity of the person …”Pope Francis, Homily 1 May 2013, Feast of Joseph the WorkerKey Question:What is happening to people?
17The Common GoodWe are all really responsible for each other and must work for social conditions which ensure that every person and every group in society is able to meet their needs and realize their full potential.Every group in society must take into account the rights and aspirations of other groups, and of the well being of the whole human family.God intended the goods of creation for the use of all, and so everyone has a right to access the goods of creation to meet their needs.
18The Common GoodRelated ThemesQuote“The dignity of the human person requires the pursuit of the common good. Everyone should be concerned to create and support institutions that improve the conditions of human life.”Catechism of the Catholic Church, n 1926The universal destination of goodsOption for the poorIntegrity of creationRole of the statePromotion of peace
19The Common Good Key Questions: “… the Church always works for the integral development of every person ... the common good should not be simply an extra … tacked onto political programs. The Church encourages those in power to be truly at the service of the common good of their peoples ... to take account of ethics and solidarity.”Pope Francis, address for the New Non-Resident Ambassadors to the Holy See,16 May 2013.Key Questions:Is every group able to share in the benefits of life in society?Are some groups excluded?
20Subsidiarity Everyone and every group has something to contribute. Responsibility should be kept as close as possible to the grassroots. The people or groups most directly affected by a decision or policy should have a key decision making role.More encompassing groups should only intervene to support smaller, more local groups in case of need, and where this is necessary in order to coordinate their activities with those of other groups in order to promote the common good.
21SubsidiarityRelated ThemesQuote“... the principle of subsidiarity must be respected: a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the later of its functions, but rather should support it in case of need and help to coordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view to the common good.”John Paul II, Centesimus Annus, n 48ParticipationThe role of the StateInternational community
22Subsidiarity Key Questions: Who is making the decisions? “We are speaking about a group of consultants … a gesture of great relevance that means to signal the modality in which the Holy Father intends to carry out his ministry. We must not forget that the first task assigned to the group of eight cardinals is to assist the Pontiff in the governance of the Universal Church.”Key Questions:Who is making the decisions?Can everyone participate?Archbishop Angelo Becciu, Substitute of the Secretariat of State, 1 May 2013.
23SolidarityHuman beings are social by nature – we are made for relationships.We can not survive without others and can only grow and achieve our potential in relationship with others.Our salvation is bound up with that of each other.Solidarity is a firm and persevering determination to commit oneself to the common good.
24Solidarity Role of the economy Integral human development Related ThemesQuoteRole of the economyIntegral human developmentOption for the poor“Today we can say that economic life must be understood as a multi-layered phenomenon: in every one of these layers, to varying degrees and in ways specifically suited to each, the aspect of fraternal reciprocity must be present…Solidarity is first and foremost a sense of responsibility on the part of everyone with regard to everyone and it cannot therefore be merely delegated to the State.”Benedict XVI, Caritas in Veritate, n 38
25Solidarity Key Questions: Who do we really care about? “The Pope loves everyone, rich and poor alike, but the Pope has the duty, in Christ’s name, to remind the rich to help the poor, to respect them, to promote them. The Pope appeals for disinterested solidarity and for a return to person-centred ethics in the world of finance and economics.”Pope Francis, address for the New Non-Resident Ambassadors to the Holy See,16 May 2013.Key Questions:Who do we really care about?Would we like this to happen to us?
26CST Helps Us to Promote Justice by … Engaging with the data of human experience.Analyzing issues and situations by drawing on reason and other sources of human wisdom, such as the social sciences.Providing principles and criteria by which to judge issues and situations and discern alternative responses.Calling us to act for justice and peace.
27For each key principle, think of an example where: The principle was respected or put into action?The principle was not respected or put into action?How might these principles be better integrated into decision making in your family, workplace or community life?FOR REFLECTION