Presentation on theme: "Energy policy and development in last years Slovakia 25.11.2010."— Presentation transcript:
Energy policy and development in last years Slovakia 25.11.2010
ZA MATKU ZEM (For Mother Earth Slovakia) Energy program RES Energy savings Nuclear energy Climate program – Slovak Climate Coalition A/ legislation – preparation of laws, comments to the legilation, information distribution among the stakeholders B/ public awareness – campaigns – publications, lectures, exhibitions... C/ cooperation with municpalities and business D/ media work
Consumption of primary energy sources 2001-2008 = 7-8% decrease
Actual situation of RES in Slovakia Share of RES on primary energy consumption = 7-8% Commitment of Slovakia in 2020 – RES 14% (EÚ – 20%) CO 2 emissions - EÚ = -20%, SVK = +13% (to emissions from 2005) Weak legislation for a real support of RES (RES act addopted in June 2009-bariers) Taxes are on a high level (19%) Government was and still is strongly pushing against the wind and photovoltaics. Political decision makers are not in favour of renewables what is bringing our country to one of the worst places in the EU.
Renewable energy sources Our estimations RES – technical potential – app. 382 PJ = 50% of gross energy consumption (in y.2010)
Barriers of RES development Policy – pressure on one specific source of electricity (nuclear, coal) Legislation Missing financial support mechanisms (70 mil. EUR in 2009 for biomass heaters and solar panels) Access to customers (no real market with the energy) Administration process (licensing, EIA, access to grid connection...) Technical barriers PR – public campaigns, promotion...
Energy savings potential Potential 20% of primary sources by the year 2020 Of the 471 PJ = 94 PJ 9.4 PJ per year 50% of the consumption of primary resources till y. 2050 Of the 471 PJ = 235 PJ (or 382 PJ of gross inland consumption (761 PJ) 6 PJ per year Action Plan for Energy Efficiency Energy savings target y.2008-2010 to 3% of final energy consumption = 12.4 PJ 4.1 PJ per year r.2016 = 37.2 PJ (9% of final energy consumption)
Necessary measures - The amendment to the Energy Efficiency Act - Information campaigns, training programs and counseling centers energy - Energy Education in government buildings - Monitoring system for energy efficiency - Energy efficiency in public procurement Not only price, but also how much energy will be used for... -Fund to promote energy efficiency 100 to 200 million. Per year (Action Plan from y.2007 was speaking about only 5 million EUR for y.2008, 8.3 million EUR for y.2009 and 7 million. EUR for y.2010 – was not established) -State budget, emissions trading, CO2 tax, etc.... -Private Sector - HTU (regional governments) and local governments budgets
Renewable energy sources + energy savings y.2050 382 PJ from RES 382 PJ energy savings and EE Biomass Action Plan: "The amount of available energy in biomass is comparable to the amount of energy produced by three nuclear reactors with installed capacity of 440 MW (30% of electricitz consumption) Exploitable potential for electricity generation is (according to the Energy Policy), 1540 GWh (5% of electricity consumption in Slovakia), but the current level of use is only 0.1 GWh Water PP – already now 14-17% Wind – ZVES – potential of 1,3-1,5 TWh/y in 2020 = 5% Plans of new GPP = 1969 MW (420 MW Malzenice, 800 MW Slovnaft, 17 + 58 MW Bratislava, 89 MW Levice, 2*50 MW Panicke Dravce, 125 MW Kosice, 40 MW Zilina – COGEN, 200 MW Zilina - GPP, 2*120 MW Lucenec). Thats more than 4 nuclear units in Mochovce
The biggest energy challenges for next 5 years: Reform of the RES act Fund for support of RES and EE (money from CO2 auctions) Diversification of gas supplies Ensure that the prices of nuclear energy are real (historical deficit in the National Nuclear Fund (NNF), sufficient fees into the NNF) Serious studies about the NPP decommissioning and Spent nuclear fuel storage Stop to mystify nuclear energy Stop to underestimate the potential of RES Finish subsidies into coal mining and nuclear energy Massively invest into solar and geothermal energy Stop to attack wind energy
Thank you for your attention For more information: Pavol ŠIROKÝ o.z. ZA MATKU ZEM, Slovak Climate Coalition Radlinského 39, P.O.Box 93, 814 99 Bratislava Tel./fax: +421-2-52454515, Mobile: +421-903-791060 firstname.lastname@example.org@zmz.sk, www.zmz.skwww.zmz.sk www.alternativy.skwww.alternativy.sk, www.klimatickezmeny.sk, www.usporyenergii.skwww.klimatickezmeny.skwww.usporyenergii.sk