Presentation on theme: "IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Session III: The International Development Context and the IAEA Technical Cooperation Programme Geraldine Arias,"— Presentation transcript:
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency Session III: The International Development Context and the IAEA Technical Cooperation Programme Geraldine Arias, Strategy and Partnerships Officer & Susanne Nebel, Programme Planning Officer TCPC, Department of Technical Cooperation
IAEA Session Objectives To describe how technical cooperation projects contribute to the attainment of scientific and technological advancement as a component of wider national, regional and interregional development priorities such as the MDGs. To provide examples of how the IAEA takes part in strategic partnerships, including the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) process. To explore concrete examples of Strategic Partnerships with UN Organizations.
IAEA The Millennium Development Goals The MDGs form a global agenda towards development, setting 8 Goals to be achieved by all nations by 2015. They are a key focus for IAEA Member States, and are highlighted in the GC resolution MDGs are an important element of CPFs and UNDAFs
IAEA IAEA Technical Cooperation: Addressing the MDGs with nuclear science and technology The TC programme provides assistance to MS in the development of national capacities in nuclear science and technology Science and technology play a critical role in achieving national development priorities, thus contributing to reaching the MDG targets. The IAEA provides new knowledge, best practices and research coordination. UN Major Conferences and Summits
IAEA TC projects contribute to the MDGs $ Disb. 2006 % of Total$ Disb. 2008 % of Total MDG16.7m8.6%12.5m15.9% MDG41.5m2.0%2.3m2.9% MDG514.6m18.6%19.4m24.2% MDG614.8m18.9%20.8m26.0% MDG77.2m9.0%13.1m16.3% MDG80.6m0.8%1.8m2.3%
IAEA Human Health: Helping States Enhance Prevention, Treatment and Control of Diseases Cancer: Enhancing treatment Cardiovascular and other Chronic Diseases: Enhancing diagnostics Malnutrition: Finding the facts with isotopes Quality Assurance in Radiation Medicine: Protecting patients and workers
IAEA Food and Agriculture: Helping States Increase Productivity and Quality Crop Production: Producing more with less Insect Pest Control: Protecting food, agriculture, livestock, humans and the environment Livestock Production: Achieving better health and productivity Food Safety and Quality: Focus on the food chain and standards
IAEA Water and Environment: Helping States to Sustain Water and Other Natural Resources Freshwater: Stronger facts for water resources management Oceans: Protecting the marine environment Land: Protecting the terrestrial environment
IAEA Partnerships: Essential for the IAEA 59% of TC projects are in areas where the IAEA does not possess the lead UN mandate 9
IAEA Rationale for Partnerships with UN and Beyond Maximize IAEA impact by building on complementary activities with like-minded organizations. Identify synergies between IAEAs scientific contributions and the work of partners who have the lead. MDGs.Optimize the effectiveness of the nuclear technology delivered and its contribution to the MDGs. Reach outReach out enhance knowledge of IAEAs contributions and generate political support for nuclear technologies for development Greater financial & other resources when necessary
IAEA IAEA Partnerships Target IAEA Member States UN Organizations International and Regional Organizations Levels HQ/ international Regional National Focus Strategic Financial Technical Models Contribution Agreements Practical Arrangements MoUs Joint Planning Networks & Fora
IAEA Partnerships with UN Organizations: UNDAF Process Strategic framework for operational activities of the UN system at country level Strategic framework for operational activities of the UN system at country level Builds on comparative advantages of each organization Builds on comparative advantages of each organization Priorities respond to the countrys national development priorities Priorities respond to the countrys national development priorities It is not a detailed programme, project, or workplan It is not a detailed programme, project, or workplan Includes a target for Resource Mobilization Includes a target for Resource Mobilization Developed in each country by the UN Country Team in collaboration with the Government. Developed in each country by the UN Country Team in collaboration with the Government.
IAEA Overview of the UNDAF Process 1. Common analysis undertaken 2. Areas for UN support defined based on NDP 3. Outcomes and Outputs developed 4. Agency-specific programmes developed Throughout this process: - Constant government and stakeholder involvement - Constant government and stakeholder involvement - Role of RC: strategic-level coordination - Role of RC: strategic-level coordination
IAEA Kazakhstan UNDAF 2010–2015 The UNDAF is addressing three inter-related priority areas to assist Kazakhstan in achieving its national competitiveness agenda: (1) Economic and Social Well-Being for All (2) Environmental Sustainability (3) Effective Governance The IAEA, through its TC programme, is contributing to the first two areas by providing support in: the health sector (nuclear medicine), environmental monitoring of radiological hazards agriculture (sustainable crop intensification through mutation breeding).
Engagement with UN at country level Region IAEA Outreach to UN Resident Coordinators UNDAFs signed by IAEA AFRICA3113 ASIA & THE PACIFIC 192 LATIN AMERICA 203 EUROPE 115 TOTAL8123
IAEA Implications and Opportunities for IAEA Engagement with UN at Country Level UNDAF Process serves as an entry point, but is not an end in itself. UNDAF Process serves as an entry point, but is not an end in itself. Moving towards concrete strategic and technical partnerships with UN organizations based on thematic priorities Moving towards concrete strategic and technical partnerships with UN organizations based on thematic priorities
IAEA Green Economy - Thematic Global Priority The greatest challenge of our time: mitigating and adapting to climate change, whilst reducing poverty. climate change UN - Partnerships The Green Economy Initiative – UNEP (policy analysis, advisory services and partnerships) Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production – UNIDO National Cleaner Production Centers - More than 45 Centers worldwide since 1994 (UNIDO, UNEP)
IAEA The Contribution of Nuclear Technology to Cleaner Industrial Production Nuclear Analytical Methods: Neutron activation, Radiotracers Detection of pollution in air, water, and soil including POPs, PCBs. Radiation Processing: Ionizing radiation is a treatment process that is removing or breaking down harmful compounds, and disinfects and remediates - a true technical solution.
IAEA Radiation Processing for Cleaner Industrial Production Processes Cleaning flue gases and producing fertilizer as a by- product Treatment of wastewater Breaking down or removing POPs Disinfecting sewage sludge and enhancing composting Remediating contaminated soil (dioxin)
IAEA Nuclear Analytical Methods for Cleaner Industrial Production Checking structural integrity e.g. non- destructive testing, wear and corrosion monitoring In-service inspecting e.g. in mineral processing and wastewater treatment plants Enhancing oil field production and coal mining Heavy industrial manufacturing e.g. testing welds, castings and assembled machineries
IAEA Radiation Processing for Optimizing Industrial Products Sterilization e.g. pharmaceuticals, disposable medical devices and implants Producing films and packaging, cable insulators and medical hydrogels Curing e.g. surface coatings and adhesives Producing grafted membranes and absorbents e.g. for fuel cells and removal of toxic substances Manufacturing lubricants Enhancing recycling and reuse of plastics
IAEA TC Thematic Pilot: Cleaner Industrial Production National Cleaner Production Centers (NCPC) Promotion of nuclear industrial technology and capacity building in NCPCs of Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia and Philippines (INT2010/26); South Africa, Egypt, Kenya (RAF2010/27) in cooperation with industries, PPP model exploration. Waste Water Treatment in Cambodia complementary to UNIDOs TEST Programme Needs assessment and national workshop (national project on water resources management). Demonstration plant (cooperation with Korea)
IAEA Benefits of Thematic Approach Cleaner Industrial Production Improved socio-economic impact of TC projects by reaching end users and beneficiaries outside the laboratory through National Cleaner Production Centers SME Programme, and TEST Programme Improved public understanding of how nuclear technology and the TC Programme contributing to a clean environment and green growth Enhanced knowledge of the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, thus improving public perception.
IAEA Lessons of Thematic Approach Partnerships through Partnerships with UN Agencies, (FAO farmers field schools) we can have an impact on real lives Key development priorities (such as Green Economy and Cleaner Industrial Production) serve as entry point for partnership building Speak the language of your partners
IAEA Technical cooperation: delivering results for peace and development