Presentation on theme: "And Other Indigenous Peoples"— Presentation transcript:
1 And Other Indigenous Peoples Bunun TribeAnd Other Indigenous Peoplesin Taiwan
2 Overview Motivation and Purpose Taiwan’s Aborigines Introduction to Bunun TribeAboriginal Activities involved inCrises Faced by Aboriginal TribesConclusion and ReflectionsReferences
3 MotivationThe reason why we are interested in this topic is because our classmate, Savi, is a Bunun girl from Hualien. Bunun is one of the aboriginal tribes in Taiwan. What’s impressed us is that Savi has made a great effort to promote her culture by attending several aboriginal activities and winning competitions, which makes us curious and want to know more about her tribe and culture.
4 PurposeSavi has performed brilliantly by intro-ducing and promoting her Bunun tribe culture, therefore, our purpose in this project is to specifically explore more about her tribe’s history, culture, feature, customs, languages and simultaneously get to know more about other indigenous peoples in Taiwan.
5 Jia-Shin, with the name Savi in Bunun Language Savi won the prizes in the Taipei and island-wide aboriginal language speech contests.
9 Atayal Tribe Population: 83,000 Feature: Facial tattooing Over a larger area thanany other aboriginalpeopleFeature: Facial tattooingTattoos on both men and women as a MARK of adulthood or honor
10 Truku (Toroka) Tribe In the mountain of Hualien, a subtribe Population: 20700In the mountain ofHualien, a subtribeof the AtayalFeature: TattooingFacial tattoos is asign of adulthood.They used to holdanimistic beliefs.
11 Amis Tribe On the plains, along sea shores, river banks, the Population: 138,000On the plains, along seashores, river banks, thelargest population of allaboriginal tribesFeature: Harvest festivalGenerally held in everyvillage in July or August
12 Sakizaya Tribe In Hualien County villages and urban areas of northern Population: 5,000~10,000In Hualien County villagesand urban areas of northernTaiwanFeature: worship ceremonyHolding ceremonies tomemorize ancestors andworship Palamal, the god offire
13 Tsou Tribe Population: 6,500 Feature: Mayasvi festival In the west of the CentralMountain Range’s centralsectionFeature: Mayasvi festivalTO welcome warriorsreturning from theirhunting and markmen’s adulthood
14 Paiwan Tribe Population: 65,000 Feature: Hereditary system In the south of the CentralRange Mt. and easterncoastal mountain areaFeature: Hereditary systemTattooing tribe once withclass distinctions ofchieftain, nobility andcommoners
15 Rukai Tribe Population: 9000 Feature: Lily head ornament In the mountainson the southern tip ofthe Central Mt. RangeFeature: Lily head ornamentGiven by the chieftainbecause of their braveryand chastity
16 Puyuma Tribe Population: 9,600 Feature: Rite and festival On the plains to thesouth of the TaitungvalleyFeature: Rite and festivalIncluding adulthoodceremonies, warriortraining and colorfulsophisticated wovenfabrics
17 Yami Tribe Population: 4,300 Feature: Flying Fish Festival In the villages on Orchid Island, 78 kilometers to the southeast of TaiwanFeature: Flying Fish FestivalIncluding the blessing of the boats, praying for a bountiful catch, fish storing ceremony ceremonies, etc.
18 Saisiyat Tribe Feature: Pasta’ai ceremony Population: 4,200 In the Northwest of the CentralMt. Range, in Hsinchu andMiaoli borderFeature: Pasta’ai ceremonyWorshipping negritos andreceiving the returning soulsin the full moon of the lunarOctober
19 Thao Tribe Sun Moon Lake in central Taiwan as an instrument to play Population: 500Mostly on the banks ofSun Moon Lake in centralTaiwanFeature: Pestle musicUsing the wooden pestleas an instrument to playmusic and entertain thetourists in Sun MoonLake Area
20 Kavalan Tribe Population: 1,145 Feature: Tribe ceremonies Originally in Yilan area andnow in Hualien and TaitungFeature: Tribe ceremoniesIncluding victorycelebrations, funerals andancestor worship ceremony
21 Sedig Tribe Population: Over 5,000 Mostly in Renai Township of Nantou CountyFeature: Subtribe of AtayalBecame Taiwan’s 14thofficially recognized tribe in2008
23 History of Bunun Tribe The last tribes to be "pacified" during the Known as the VonumThe last tribes to be "pacified" during theJapanese rule ( )Concentrating in mountainous regions ofthe Central Mountain RangeThen being forced to migrate to lowlandvillages with small family units afterresistance against Japanese
24 Nowadays Population: 39,000 Spreading to Nantou, Kaoshiung, Hualien and Taitung countiesdue to the massivemigrations
25 The Best-known Feature Sophisticated polyphonic vocal music,also called Eight-part Harmonic Singing
26 Unique Polyphonic vocal music Japanese scholar Kurosawa Takatomopresented recordings of Bunun music inParis in 1943.It has caught western ethnomusicologists’attention.
38 Crises Faced by Aboriginal Tribes Population decreasing and migrationto other locations or urban areasMountain regionalexploitation anddevelopmentSinicized by HanPeople in Taiwan
39 Bunun Tribe in Siu-Lang, Hualien The Village set up aboriginal signs, sculpture poles to preserve Bunun Culture.
40 Flagstone Houses in Bunun Tribe Flagstone houses preserved in Bunun Villages
41 Conclusion and Reflections Should be proud of our own culture andpromote it just like Savi doesIncreasing our respect to multicultures andtheir originsProfoundly understanding more aboutTaiwan’s aborigines in Taiwan, specificallyBunun tribeShould explore more about our own familybackgrounds and roots
42 References I Yahoo: Google Wikipedia: 台灣原住民服飾介紹 順益台灣原住民博物館 行政院原住民委員會 GoogleWikipedia:台灣原住民服飾介紹順益台灣原住民博物館行政院原住民委員會
43 References II 台灣原住民史布農族史篇 台灣原住民藝術田野筆記 The History of Formosan Aborigines Bunun台灣原住民藝術田野筆記Taiwan Aboriginal Art : Field Study台灣先住民腳印The culture & legend about ten minority tribes