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And Other Indigenous Peoples

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Presentation on theme: "And Other Indigenous Peoples"— Presentation transcript:

1 And Other Indigenous Peoples
Bunun Tribe And Other Indigenous Peoples in Taiwan

2 Overview Motivation and Purpose Taiwan’s Aborigines
Introduction to Bunun Tribe Aboriginal Activities involved in Crises Faced by Aboriginal Tribes Conclusion and Reflections References

3 Motivation The reason why we are interested in this topic is because our classmate, Savi, is a Bunun girl from Hualien. Bunun is one of the aboriginal tribes in Taiwan. What’s impressed us is that Savi has made a great effort to promote her culture by attending several aboriginal activities and winning competitions, which makes us curious and want to know more about her tribe and culture.

4 Purpose Savi has performed brilliantly by intro-ducing and promoting her Bunun tribe culture, therefore, our purpose in this project is to specifically explore more about her tribe’s history, culture, feature, customs, languages and simultaneously get to know more about other indigenous peoples in Taiwan.

5 Jia-Shin, with the name Savi in Bunun Language
Savi won the prizes in the Taipei and island-wide aboriginal language speech contests.

6 Taiwan’s Aborigines

7 Taiwan’s Aborigines Sedig Saisiyat Bunun Thao Tsou Rukai Paiwan

8 Atayal Kavalan Truku Amis Sakizaya Puyuma Yami

9 Atayal Tribe Population: 83,000 Feature: Facial tattooing
Over a larger area than any other aboriginal people Feature: Facial tattooing Tattoos on both men and women as a MARK of adulthood or honor

10 Truku (Toroka) Tribe In the mountain of Hualien, a subtribe
Population: 20700 In the mountain of Hualien, a subtribe of the Atayal Feature: Tattooing Facial tattoos is a sign of adulthood. They used to hold animistic beliefs.

11 Amis Tribe On the plains, along sea shores, river banks, the
Population: 138,000 On the plains, along sea shores, river banks, the largest population of all aboriginal tribes Feature: Harvest festival Generally held in every village in July or August

12 Sakizaya Tribe In Hualien County villages and urban areas of northern
Population: 5,000~10,000 In Hualien County villages and urban areas of northern Taiwan Feature: worship ceremony Holding ceremonies to memorize ancestors and worship Palamal, the god of fire

13 Tsou Tribe Population: 6,500 Feature: Mayasvi festival
In the west of the Central Mountain Range’s central section Feature: Mayasvi festival TO welcome warriors returning from their hunting and mark men’s adulthood

14 Paiwan Tribe Population: 65,000 Feature: Hereditary system
In the south of the Central Range Mt. and eastern coastal mountain area Feature: Hereditary system Tattooing tribe once with class distinctions of chieftain, nobility and commoners

15 Rukai Tribe Population: 9000 Feature: Lily head ornament
In the mountains on the southern tip of the Central Mt. Range Feature: Lily head ornament Given by the chieftain because of their bravery and chastity

16 Puyuma Tribe Population: 9,600 Feature: Rite and festival
On the plains to the south of the Taitung valley Feature: Rite and festival Including adulthood ceremonies, warrior training and colorful sophisticated woven fabrics 

17 Yami Tribe Population: 4,300 Feature: Flying Fish Festival
In the villages on Orchid Island, 78 kilometers to the southeast of Taiwan Feature: Flying Fish Festival Including the blessing of the boats, praying for a bountiful catch, fish storing ceremony ceremonies, etc.

18 Saisiyat Tribe Feature: Pasta’ai ceremony Population: 4,200
In the Northwest of the Central Mt. Range, in Hsinchu and Miaoli border Feature: Pasta’ai ceremony Worshipping negritos and receiving the returning souls in the full moon of the lunar October

19 Thao Tribe Sun Moon Lake in central Taiwan as an instrument to play
Population: 500 Mostly on the banks of Sun Moon Lake in central Taiwan Feature: Pestle music Using the wooden pestle as an instrument to play music and entertain the tourists in Sun Moon Lake Area

20 Kavalan Tribe Population: 1,145 Feature: Tribe ceremonies
Originally in Yilan area and now in Hualien and Taitung Feature: Tribe ceremonies Including victory celebrations, funerals and ancestor worship ceremony

21 Sedig Tribe Population: Over 5,000 Mostly in Renai Township of
Nantou County Feature: Subtribe of Atayal Became Taiwan’s 14th officially recognized tribe in 2008

22 Introduction to Bunun Tribe

23 History of Bunun Tribe The last tribes to be "pacified" during the
Known as the Vonum The last tribes to be "pacified" during the Japanese rule ( ) Concentrating in mountainous regions of the Central Mountain Range Then being forced to migrate to lowland villages with small family units after resistance against Japanese

24 Nowadays Population: 39,000 Spreading to Nantou, Kaoshiung, Hualien
and Taitung counties due to the massive migrations

25 The Best-known Feature
Sophisticated polyphonic vocal music, also called Eight-part Harmonic Singing

26 Unique Polyphonic vocal music
Japanese scholar Kurosawa Takatomo presented recordings of Bunun music in Paris in 1943. It has caught western ethnomusicologists’ attention.

27 Festivals in Culture Ear and planting Festivals

28 Ear Festival A rite of male adulthood and passage ceremony
Holding between March and April Prohibiting women from attending Before the festival, every adult male would go to the mountains to hunt.

29 Planting festival Telling ancestry spirits of the planting and praying for dilas harvest in November and December

30 Customs Musical culture is closely tied to singing and dancing.
Customs, heritage, festivals, rituals, daily life and living environment developed all involve singing and dancing.

31 Bunun Tribe Celebrities
Famous pop singers & Golden Song Award Winners

32 Aboriginal Activities involved in

33 Winning the English Singing Contest Held in Taipei City

34 Bunun language promotion
Savi teaches our school students Bunun aboriginal language during Taiwan Heritage and Culture time on Friday through our campus announcement System.

35 Bunun language Learning
Mihumisang = Hello Uninang = Thank you Sumanai = Sorry Tama = Dad Tina = Mom

36 Promoting Bunun aboriginal Culture in South Africa

37 Crisis Faced by Aboriginal Tribes

38 Crises Faced by Aboriginal Tribes
Population decreasing and migration to other locations or urban areas Mountain regional exploitation and development Sinicized by Han People in Taiwan

39 Bunun Tribe in Siu-Lang, Hualien
The Village set up aboriginal signs, sculpture poles to preserve Bunun Culture.

40 Flagstone Houses in Bunun Tribe
Flagstone houses preserved in Bunun Villages

41 Conclusion and Reflections
Should be proud of our own culture and promote it just like Savi does Increasing our respect to multicultures and their origins Profoundly understanding more about Taiwan’s aborigines in Taiwan, specifically Bunun tribe Should explore more about our own family backgrounds and roots

42 References I Yahoo: Google Wikipedia: 台灣原住民服飾介紹 順益台灣原住民博物館 行政院原住民委員會
Google Wikipedia: 台灣原住民服飾介紹 順益台灣原住民博物館 行政院原住民委員會

43 References II 台灣原住民史布農族史篇 台灣原住民藝術田野筆記
The History of Formosan Aborigines Bunun 台灣原住民藝術田野筆記 Taiwan Aboriginal Art : Field Study 台灣先住民腳印 The culture & legend about ten minority tribes

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