Presentation on theme: "Bunun Tribe And Other Indigenous Peoples in Taiwan."— Presentation transcript:
Bunun Tribe And Other Indigenous Peoples in Taiwan
Overview Motivation and Purpose Taiwans Aborigines Introduction to Bunun Tribe Aboriginal Activities involved in Crises Faced by Aboriginal Tribes Conclusion and Reflections References
Motivation The reason why we are interested in this topic is because our classmate, Savi, is a Bunun girl from Hualien. Bunun is one of the aboriginal tribes in Taiwan. Whats impressed us is that Savi has made a great effort to promote her culture by attending several aboriginal activities and winning competitions, which makes us curious and want to know more about her tribe and culture.
Purpose Savi has performed brilliantly by intro- ducing and promoting her Bunun tribe culture, therefore, our purpose in this project is to specifically explore more about her tribes history, culture, feature, customs, languages and simultaneously get to know more about other indigenous peoples in Taiwan.
Jia-Shin, with the name Savi in Bunun Language Savi won the prizes in the Taipei and island- wide aboriginal language speech contests.
Atayal Tribe Population: 83,000 Over a larger area than any other aboriginal people Feature: Facial tattooing Tattoos on both men and women as a MARK of adulthood or honor
Truku (Toroka) Tribe Population: 20700 In the mountain of Hualien, a subtribe of the Atayal Feature: Tattooing Facial tattoos is a sign of adulthood. They used to hold animistic beliefs.
Amis Tribe Population: 138,000 On the plains, along sea shores, river banks, the largest population of all aboriginal tribes Feature: Harvest festival Generally held in every village in July or August
Sakizaya Tribe Population: 5,000~10,000 In Hualien County villages and urban areas of northern Taiwan Feature: worship ceremony Holding ceremonies to memorize ancestors and worship Palamal, the god of fire
Tsou Tribe Population: 6,500 In the west of the Central Mountain Ranges central section Feature: Mayasvi festival TO welcome warriors returning from their hunting and mark mens adulthood
Paiwan Tribe Population: 65,000 In the south of the Central Range Mt. and eastern coastal mountain area Feature: Hereditary system Tattooing tribe once with class distinctions of chieftain, nobility and commoners
Rukai Tribe Population: 9000 In the mountains on the southern tip of the Central Mt. Range Feature: Lily head ornament Given by the chieftain because of their bravery and chastity
Puyuma Tribe Population: 9,600 On the plains to the south of the Taitung valley Feature: Rite and festival Including adulthood ceremonies, warrior training and colorful sophisticated woven fabrics
Yami Tribe Population: 4,300 In the villages on Orchid Island, 78 kilometers to the southeast of Taiwan Feature: Flying Fish Festival Including the blessing of the boats, praying for a bountiful catch, fish storing ceremony ceremonies, etc.
Saisiyat Tribe Population: 4,200 In the Northwest of the Central Mt. Range, in Hsinchu and Miaoli border Feature: Pastaai ceremony Worshipping negritos and receiving the returning souls in the full moon of the lunar October
Thao Tribe Population: 500 Mostly on the banks of Sun Moon Lake in central Taiwan Feature: Pestle music Using the wooden pestle as an instrument to play music and entertain the tourists in Sun Moon Lake Area
Kavalan Tribe Population: 1,145 Originally in Yilan area and now in Hualien and Taitung Feature: Tribe ceremonies Including victory celebrations, funerals and ancestor worship ceremony
Sedig Tribe Population: Over 5,000 Mostly in Renai Township of Nantou County Feature: Subtribe of Atayal Became Taiwans 14th officially recognized tribe in 2008
History of Bunun Tribe Known as the Vonum The last tribes to be "pacified" during the Japanese rule (1895-1945) Concentrating in mountainous regions of the Central Mountain Range Then being forced to migrate to lowland villages with small family units after resistance against Japanese
Nowadays Population: 39,000 Spreading to Nantou, Kaoshiung, Hualien and Taitung counties due to the massive migrations
The Best-known Feature Sophisticated polyphonic vocal music, also called Eight-part Harmonic Singing
Unique Polyphonic vocal music Japanese scholar Kurosawa Takatomo presented recordings of Bunun music in Paris in 1943. It has caught western ethnomusicologists attention.
Festivals in Culture Ear and planting Festivals
A rite of male adulthood and passage ceremony Holding between March and April Prohibiting women from attending Before the festival, every adult male would go to the mountains to hunt. Ear Festival
Planting festival Telling ancestry spirits of the planting and praying for dilas harvest in November and December
Customs Musical culture is closely tied to singing and dancing. Customs, heritage, festivals, rituals, daily life and living environment developed all involve singing and dancing.
Bunun Tribe Celebrities Famous pop singers & Golden Song Award Winners
Winning the English Singing Contest Held in Taipei City Savi
Bunun language promotion Savi teaches our school students Bunun aboriginal language during Taiwan Heritage and Culture time on Friday through our campus announcement System on Friday through our campus announcement System.
Bunun language Learning Mihumisang = Hello Uninang = Thank you Sumanai = Sorry Tama = Dad Tina = Mom
Promoting Bunun aboriginal Culture in South Africa SAVI
Crisis Faced by Aboriginal Tribes Aboriginal Tribes
Crises Faced by Aboriginal Tribes Population decreasing and migration to other locations or urban areas Mountain regional exploitation and development Sinicized by Han People in Taiwan
Bunun Tribe in Siu-Lang, Hualien The Village set up aboriginal signs, sculpture poles to preserve Bunun Culture.
Flagstone Houses in Bunun Tribe Flagstone houses preserved in Bunun Villages
Conclusion and Reflections Should be proud of our own culture and promote it just like Savi does Increasing our respect to multicultures and their origins Profoundly understanding more about Taiwans aborigines in Taiwan, specifically Bunun tribe Should explore more about our own family backgrounds and roots
References I Yahoo: http://tw.yahoo.com Google http://www.google.com.tw Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page http://formosa-force-games.blogspot.com/2009/10/blog-post.html http://www.museum.org.tw/index.htm http://www.apc.gov.tw/portal/
References II The History of Formosan Aborigines Bunun Taiwan Aboriginal Art : Field Study The culture & legend about ten minority tribes