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Evidence-Based Practices for Promoting the Literacy Development of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Rebecca Holland-Coviello, Ph.D. American Institutes.

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Presentation on theme: "Evidence-Based Practices for Promoting the Literacy Development of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Rebecca Holland-Coviello, Ph.D. American Institutes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evidence-Based Practices for Promoting the Literacy Development of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschoolers Rebecca Holland-Coviello, Ph.D. American Institutes for Research Washington, DC Anya Robyak, M.Ed. Orelena Hawks Puckett Institute Asheville and Morganton, NC Presentation made at the West Virginia Celebrating Connections Conference Charleston, West Virginia February 20, 2008

2 Purposes of the Presentation Describe the major goals of the Center for Early Literacy Learning (CELL) Describe early literacy development in children birth to five Provide materials on how to implement evidence- based practices supporting the early literacy development of children with developmental delays and disabilities. Discuss ways CELL Practice Guides can be disseminated and used by parents, practitioners and technical assistance providers.

3 The Center for Early Literacy Learning Funded by the Department of Educations Office of Special Education Programs Partners: Orelena Hawks Puckett Institute American Institutes for Research PACER Center AJ Pappanikou Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities

4 CELL website: What youll find there: CELLpapers are articles that provide background information about the conceptual frameworks used to guide Center for Early Literacy Learning activities and the results of evaluation and research studies conducted by CELL staff.CELLpapers CELLreviews are practice-based research syntheses of early communication, language, and literacy development. These syntheses involve systematic analysis and integration of small bodies of research that have investigated the same or similar practices having the same or similar outcomes.CELLreviews CELLnotes are one- to two-page summaries of the findings from practice-based research syntheses. These summaries, written in a user-friendly format, are designed specifically for practitioners and parents.CELLnotes CELL Practice guides and CELL Toolkits as they become available.

5 CELL Aims Synthesize research evidence on effective early literacy learning practices and interventions Develop evidence-based practices from the findings of this research Implement and evaluate the use of evidence-based practice guides Conduct general and specialized technical assistance promoting the adoption and use of evidence-based early literacy learning practices

6 Phonological Awareness Oral Language Print Awareness Listening Comprehension Written Language Alphabet Knowledge Text Comprehension Domains of Early Literacy

7 Alphabet Knowledge

8 Listening Comprehension

9 Oral Language

10 Phonological Awareness

11 Print Awareness

12 Text Comprehension

13 Written Language

14 Early Factors Influencing Literacy Learning Literacy-Rich Environments Instructional Practices Child Interests Literacy Skills

15 Cycle of Mastery Mastery Interest Engagement Competence Literacy Activities

16 Hierarchy of Early Literacy Learning Early Childhood Intervention Practices Specialized Practices Instructional Practices Literacy-Rich Learning Opportunities

17 Status of Early Literacy Learning Practices in Part C Early Intervention and Part B(619) Preschool Special Education Programs National survey of the desired and actual use of early literacy learning practices Study participants 230 parents of preschool children in Part C and Part B(619) programs 508 Part C and Part B(619) practitioners 140 Part C and Part B(619) technical assistance providers/trainers

18 Parents

19 Early Intervention and Preschool Special Education Practitioners

20 Procedure for Linking Research to Practice Practice-Based Research Syntheses Isolating the Practice Characteristics That Matter Most Evidence-Based Practice Guides

21 Framework for Developing Evidence-Based Practice Guides Print- Related Abilities INTERVENOR CATEGORIES OF LITERACY LEARNING STAGE OF LITERACY LEARNING Linguistic Processing Abilities PreliteracyEmergent LiteracyEarly Literacy Practitioner Parent

22 CELL Practice Guide Interventions Promote literacy-rich learning opportunities that are contexts for skill acquisition. Contain the instructional practices that can be used to promote early literacy learning. Include adapted practices that support the literacy learning of children with disabilities or learning difficulties who require more specialized interventions.

23 Categorization Scheme of CELLs Instructional Practices InformalFormal Implicit InstructionExplicit Instruction Caregiver ResponsivenessContingent Responsiveness Responsive TeachingIncidental Teaching Response ElaborationEmbedded Instruction ImitationModeling Parent ScaffoldingPractitioner Scaffolding Parent-Mediated Child LearningTeacher-Mediated Child Learning

24 Literacy Practice Guides What is the practice? What does the practice look like? How do you do the practice? How do you know the practice worked?


26 What is the practice? This section gives a one- or two- sentence description of the experience or opportunity used to promote a childs production of literacy-related behaviors or skills. It includes: A general statement of the practice A statement of the benefits of the practice

27 What is the practice? Age-old and well-loved fingerplays and nursery rhymes provide infants many different kinds of opportunities to hear sounds and be part of fun and enjoyable activities. The activities in this practice guide include ideas for how to introduce and use simple fingerplays and nursery rhymes with your child for her to learn sounds and become part of storytelling.

28 What does the practice look like? This section paints a picture of what one would see when observing the practice being implemented. It includes: A description of the childs behavior or action A description of the consequence(s) of the childs behavior or action

29 What does the practice look like? Long before infants learn to say words, they use gestures and other movements to tell us what they want and what they enjoy. Infant fingerplays and simple nursery rhymes are especially enjoyable ways of adding sounds and words to movements in fun ways. Made-up fingerplays as well as many you can find on the Web by searching infant fingerplays are likely to be sure winners for your child.

30 How do you do the practice? This how to section tells what a parent or practitioner can do to engage a child in an activity that provides a context for literacy-related behavior expression. It includes: The child interest-based features of the practice The literacy-related context (environment) of the learning opportunities The instructional practice(s) best suited for promoting child production of literacy-related behavior What or how the parent or practitioner can make adaptations or accommodations (if appropriate) to the practice

31 How do you do the practice? This practice is simple and straightforward. Find different kinds of movements and gestures your child enjoys and incorporate short, repetitive nursery rhymes into the movements and gestures. Start by identifying the movements and gestures your child makes in response to being touched. Does your child like to be tickled? Will your child let you put her hands together like clapping? Does your child like having raspberries blown on her tummy? Be sure your child is in a comfortable position. Lying on her back is often best when first using fingerplays and nursery rhymes. If your child is a sitter, that position will work just as well. Fingerplays and nursery rhymes that involve body parts are generally the easiest and best to do. Play Pat-a- Cake by gently putting your childs hands together and saying the nursery rhyme. This Little Piggy is a good game for infants because they get to see a parent touch the childs toes while hearing the nursery rhyme. A babys first fingerplays and nursery rhymes should be short and very repetitious.

32 How do you know the practice worked? This section includes the criteria used to measure the benefits or results of using the practice guide. The outcomes are described in terms of changes in literacy-related behavior or skills.

33 How do you know the practice worked? Does your child try to make any move- ments when she hears the nursery rhyme? Does your child try to get you to play the game again? Does she make sounds more often while hearing the rhymes?

34 StageType of Practice GuideNumber PreliteracyPrint-Related17 Linguistic Processing14 Emergent LiteracyPrint-Related 7 Linguistic Processing 7 Early LiteracyPrint-Related 9 Linguistic Processing 8 Draft Practice Guides Developed-to-Date

35 Practice Guide Examples Parent/infant games (Sure Winner Lap Games) Scribbling for toddlers (Get Write On It) Oral language for toddlers (Toddlers as Storytellers) Computer-based literacy for preschoolers (Wired to Read) Alphabet toys for preschoolers (AlphaFun)

36 Shared reading DVD

37 Scaling up CELL Practices in your program

38 CELL Definition of Scaling-Up The adoption of policies, practices, and implementation strategies that promote widespread, sustained use of evidence-based early literacy learning practices by early childhood intervention programs and practitioners serving young children, birth to 5 years of age, and their families to achieve outcomes that are socially and developmentally important and valued

39 CELL Conceptual Model for Scaling-Up V e r t i c a l S c a l i n g - U p Horizontal Scaling-Up Local End- Users End- Users End- Users End- Users Regional State National

40 Specialized Technical Assistance Helps stakeholders adopt policies, practices, and implementation strategies that promote the effective and sustained use of CELL practices Information Sharing Communities: states share experiences, discuss needs, and explore solutions to early literacy learning challenges Statewide Training Assistance: individual states develop their own training programs for using CELL Toolkits and Practice Guides to improve early literacy outcomes

41 Building Capacity to Scale Up CELL Practices Vision Leadership Team Needs Assessment Outreach and Training Self-Evaluation

42 State Vision What is your vision for early literacy learning in West Virginia? Target groups Goals Agencies involved Timeline

43 State Leadership Team Who should be involved on a state leadership team? State agencies Programs Local representatives Parent representatives Others?

44 Your Vision Define target groups Set goals

45 Your Leadership Team Diversify: teachers, supervisors, parents... Think about funding authority, access to key groups. Set up team administrative procedures Meeting schedule Communication Documentation

46 Assessing Your Needs Program level Ask staff Ask parents Discuss with other program site administrators/leaders Curriculum Gaps: early literacy goals vs. guidance on instructional practices Examine against WV Language and Literacy Early Learning Standards Child and family needs Child assessment data Strengths and weaknesses Desired goals and activities

47 Outreach Make a plan with a timeline Include follow-up and evaluation in your plan (more later) Share needs assessment, goals, and plan with stakeholders Justify need Seek input and revise plan

48 Consider: Target age/s Current needs Program needs Curricular strengths and gaps Child and family needs in the program Select Practice Guides

49 Planning for Implementation Incorporate CELL practices into programs Revisit needs assessment, gaps, and strengths Formal activities may fill gaps; informal activities may be added to enhance existing practices Integrate CELL practices rather than adding Avoid piecemeal approach with other strategies, practices Focus on enhancing rather than changing Increase the odds that the practices will achieve intended effects Increase the quality and quantity of existing practices Refine current practice; become more skillful Increase attention to natural formal and informal activities that make a difference

50 Dissemination & Training From whom will implementers get the CELL Practice Guides? Staff Supervisors, literacy coaches, professional development provider Families Teacher, parent educator, interventionist How will implementers get the CELL Practice Guides? Staff Printed copies, electronic copies ( In-service training, staff meeting Families Printed copies, demonstration/modeling Home visits, parent meetings/workshops

51 Follow-up: Ongoing How do staff get their questions about the practices answered? Who follows up to answer questions and help with problems? When? Staff meeting, classroom visits, newsletter What is the procedure for informing new staff?

52 Follow-up: Periodic Are the practices being implemented as intended? Clarify and summarize issues that come up frequently from various sources: Address them universally Evaluate implementation Observe teachers/children: count frequency, practice checklist (How do you do the practice?) Survey staff: self report, report on families Survey families: self report, report on providers Child assessment Respond to evaluation Further training/retraining? Change in approach with families? Change in dissemination approach?

53 Follow-up: Annual Revisit plan, timeline, and goals Plan a procedure and timeline for evaluating: Progress Achievement of goals Questions to consider: Was progress timely? Why or why not? Were goals achieved? Why or why not? What should the next goals, plan, and timeline be? Consider: What did we learn worked well? What did we learn was not effective?

54 Thank you! Please fill out the evaluation! We use the data to help us improve our presentations. Remember, for updates on CELL, visit Send any questions to Rebecca at

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