3Objectives:At the end of the session the student shall have knowledge of :Concept of ergonomics and occupational environmentOccupational hazards and related occupational diseasesMeasures for health protection of workers.Measures for prevention of occupational diseases.
4DefinitionPromotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of the workersPrevention amongst workers’departures from healthProtection from risksPlacing and maintenance
5Ergonomics Fitting the job to the worker Ergon = work Designing machines, tools, equipment, processesLayoutMethods of works and environmentErgon = workNomos=
6Occupational Environment Man and physical, chemical and biological agentsMan and machinesMan and man
7Occupational Hazards Hazards Physical Chemical Biological Mechanical Psychological &Social
8Occupational diseases Due to physical agentsheat, cold, light, pressure, noise, radiation, mechanical factors, electricityDue to chemical agentsGases, dusts (organic/ inorganic), metals, chemicals , solventsDue to biological agentsBrucellosis, leptospirosis, anthrax, tetanus etc.Occupa-tional cancersOf skin, lung, bladdertional dermatitisDermatitis, eczemaPsycho-logical origionHypertension, peptic ulcer
9Pneumoconiosis Dust particles 0.5 – 3 micron Chemical composition , fineness, concentration, period of exposure, individual susceptibility.Inorganic and organic dusts
14Occupational hazards of agricultural workers Zoonotic diseasesAccidentsToxic hazardsPhysical hazardsRespiratory diseases
15ACCIDENTS IN INDUSTRY Prevention- SICK ABSENTEEISM LEAD POISONING Causes-physical, physiological, psychologicalenvironmentalPrevention-SICK ABSENTEEISMCauses-Economic, social, medical,non occupationalPrevention-LEAD POISONINGExposure,Clinical picture,Diagnosis,Preventive measures,ManagementRADIATION HAZARDSEffects of radiationPreventive measures
16HEALTH PROBLEMS DUE TO INDUSTRALISATION 1.Environment sanitation problems2.Communicable diseases3.Food sanitation4.Mental health5.Accidents6.Social problems7.Morbidity and mortality
17MEASURES FOR HEALTH PROTECTION OF WORKERS 1.Nutrition2.Communicable disease control3.Environmental sanitationWater supply, food, toilet, general plant cleanliness, sufficient space, lighting, ventilation, protection against hazards, housing.4.Mental health5.Measures for women and children.6.Health education7.Family planning
18PREVENTION OF OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES. MEDICAL MEASURESENGINEERINGMEASURESLEGIS-LATION
19MEDICAL MEASURES 1.Preplacement examination 2.Periodic examination 3.Medical and health care services4.Notification5.Supervision of working environment6.Maintenance and analysis of records7.Health education & counselling
20ENGINEERING MEASURES 1.Designs of building 2.Good housekeeping 3.General ventilation4.Mechanisaton5. Substitution6.Dusts7.Enclosure8.Isolation9.Local exhaust ventilation10.Protective devices11.Environmental monitoring12.Statistical monitoring13.Research
21LEGISLATION 1. FACTORIES ACT,1948 Scope, health, welfare Employment, Hours of work, Occupational diseases, Hours of work,, Employment in hazardous proc.2. ESIS ACT, 19481.Medical2.Sickness3.Maternity4.Disablement5.Dependents benefit6.Extra benefitsExtended sickness, Limbs, F.P., Protection against dismissal, Funeral expenses, Rehabilitation expenses, Retirement.
22E.S.I. CORPORATION Vice Chairman Members Chairman Representatives of employees organisations, medical profession,parliamentChairmanUnion minister for labourVice ChairmanSecretary to Government of India,Ministry of LbourCeo,Director General ESIInsurance, Medical, Finance ComissionerMedical Benefits CouncilChairman DGHS