Presentation on theme: "The concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG) Thilak T. Ranasinghe B.Sc. (Agric) Hon., M.Sc., Ph.D. An Urban–Rural Agricultural."— Presentation transcript:
The concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG) Thilak T. Ranasinghe B.Sc. (Agric) Hon., M.Sc., Ph.D. An Urban–Rural Agricultural Continuum in Sri Lanka
was introduced on the World Environment Day - 5 th June 2000 in Sri Lanka The Concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG) In the field of Urban Agriculture (UA)
To convert aspect of gardening into theoretically based sustainable agri-business concept. Aims of the Concept of the FBG To address some poverty issues in generating additional income for food security. To work with better-mix of modern science and indigenous technical know-how (ITK). To make contributions for attempts to improve socio-economic- health- environment aspects of urban communities. To visualize adoptable production systems to new generation of agricultural producers /entrepreneurs.
Expectations of the FBG Scope - not only family nutrition but also additional income source Approach - a process not content, there is no fixed model, it is flexible. System - technology development rather than technology transfer. Means - as commercial agriculture or environment agriculture or both End - physical as well as mental satisfaction in agro entrepreneurship.
Characters of the FBG Flower (Brand) Item Face Value Core Value 1. Main Petal/ Circle & centre Nutrition centered / receptacle good dietary habits 2. Other petals Different in size Scales of interventions & shape could be different 3. Petal fixation Uneven distance Interests are different from one to one 4. Petals + stalk Detached No fixed model 5. Stalk/s Dual-curved stalk Elasticity in approach 6. Why a flower Attractive & simple From Child to Elderly & use of Creativity
Knowledge Management Process: Family Business Garden [FBG] Overall Strategy of the Concept :- CONTINUUM Reuse Contexts WISDOM Store Principles KNOWLEDGE Sort Patterns INFORMATION Capture Relations DATA
Components / Strategies of the FBG i. Family Nutrition ii. Technology Adoption iii. Crop Management iv. Post-Harvest Technology & Value Addition v. Landscaping & Housekeeping ENVIRONMENTAL / COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
i. Family Nutrition Go for Vertical Cultivation Structures in maximizing Low/No-Spaces of homesteads Select Nutritional & Favorite Crops / Livestock (Vegetables,Fruits,Flowers,Yams,Spices,Herbs) (Chicken, Quails, Turkey, Rabbit, Fish) Place priority for simplicity and creativity
Edible Air-scape This component helps to improve dietary habits Cultivation Cradle Cultivation Trolley
Consider available Members & Money Select recommended / new crops / livestock / systems Prepare for future market forces and get ready to work in groups/networks ii.Technology Adoption
This component promotes diversity in creativity Bottle Irrigation Simple Drips Water-Wise Gardening Rain Water Harvesting
iii. Crop Management Management of Soil / Water / Pests / Light or Shade / Waste Recycling of plant Nutrients Integrated Pest Management / Integrated farming Practices
Application of different crop and livestock management systems
This component helps to upkeep physical fitness
iv. Post-Harvest Technology & Value Addition Concern of quality than quantity Produce & product diversification to match consumer demands Concentration of marketing standards / regulations / Laws /Acts
Micro-agro entrepreneurship development for additional income
This component injects diversity for sustainability
v. Landscaping & House Keeping Consider physical as well as mental health promotion along with edible Land / Air-scaping & home management principles Application of gender equality / women issues into micro agro-entrepreneurship Think of future : go for the development of Business Plans in FBG entrepreneurship
Edible gardening from front to back of the homestead in an organized manner
National Goal contributions (i.e., Urban Green Chili production) & International participation
Concept applications by the Private Sector at National & International Contexts
Statement -29 (2003) Implement a special urban agriculture promotion program designed to ensure supply of home consumption needs and environmental protection. * The Sri Lankan National Policy for Urban Agriculture after FBG initiatives Statement -17 (2007) 17.1 Promote home-gardening and urban agriculture to enhance household nutrition and income 17.2 Promote womens participation in home-gardening.
Government Programme for Promotion of Home Gardening (Let us Cultivate to Uplift the Nation) 1. Rural & urban home-gardens 2. School gardens 3. Home-gardens of school children 4. Gardens & model farms in office premises 5.Gardens in security forces camps 6. Private home-gardens of state officials 7. Gardens in office premises of the private- institutions 8. Home-gardens of public representatives
Urban – Rural Continuum
How FBG is friendly with Rural Folks 1.To enjoy on water conservation adaptations so as to cultivate with intensive management under resource poor conditions 2.To cultivate in the dry season (i.e., Yala) in order to continue income generation & food security for better livelihoods 3.To escape from stray and/or wild animal damages with minimal protection measures 4.To raise the levels of fruit and vegetable cultivations among the rural populations in minimizing nutritional drawbacks 5.To reduce rural-urban migration of youth while practicing low labour agricultural production systems.
Sub-urban situations close to Municipalities
Sub-urban situations away from Municipalities
Cultivation structures mainly developed for land-space utilization 1) Cultivation Tower 2) Cultivation Pyramid 3) Cultivation Frame 4) Cultivation Wall 5) Cultivation Arch 6) Cultivation Bangle 7) Cultivation Mat 8) Cultivation Umbrella 9) Cultivation Cage 10) Cultivation Consortium 11) Cultivation Envelope 12) Cultivation Spool Cultivation structures mainly developed for building-space utilization 1) Cultivation Tat 2) Cultivation Ladder 3) Cultivation Rack 4) Cultivation Tripod 5) Cultivation Net 6) Cultivation Trolley 7) Cultivation Cradle 8) Cultivation Holder 9) Cultivation Bag (Standing) 10) Cultivation Shell 11) Cultivation Twig 12) Portable Cultivation Tower Cultivation structures mainly developed for air-space utilization 1) Cultivation Bottle 2) Cultivation Lantern 3) Cultivation Antenna 4) Cultivation Bag (Hanging) 5) Cultivation Key 6) Cultivation String 7) Cultivation Tube 8) Cultivation Plaster 9) Edible Air-scape CULTIVATION STRUCTURES DEVELOPED TODATE under Low/No Space Agricultural Techniques through the Knowledge Management process of the Concept of the FBG
Inventor & Facilitator of the Concept of the FBG Dr. Thilak T. Ranasinghe Consultant / Advisor Urban Agriculture / Rural Livelihoods [Former Director of Agriculture (Western Province, Sri Lanka) : ] (Retired Class I Officer of the Sri Lanka Agriculture Service) 18, Senanayake Road, Issadeen Town, Matara, SRI LANKA Tel: , th November, 2008