Presentation on theme: "Promotion of Eye donation awareness"— Presentation transcript:
1Promotion of Eye donation awareness & number of Keratoplasty operations:Comparative Study.Dr. Baban C. DolasM.S. (Ophthalm)Nityaseva Eye Hospital& Global Vision Foundation Eye Bank, Pune.
2Introduction: It is a fact that eye donation movement is negligible in our country due to lack of awareness, religious belief& taboos.Increase in Eye donations is need of today butpreparation of minds of patients to undergo keratoplasy& also finding such patients through special camps isof more importance.
3Objectives : To determine effect of Public awareness on eye donation To compare the Eye donation withKeratoplasty operations
4Materials and Methods Eye donation promotion activities adopted by eye banks in Pune and its impact on the rate andquality of tissue procurement was studied prospectivelyfrom Jan 2010 to Mar 2011.Teachers and school children were involved in spreading the message on eye donation by holding poster painting competition, slogans writing etc.
5Corporate sectors involved to participate and sponsor activities like sponsoring grief counselor/Medical Social Workers in major hospitals tomotivate the family members of the deceased todonate his/her eyes.Cable operators involved to Flash messages and putEye donation information through cable network.Religious institutions and leaders were asked to spreadthe message of eye donation.
6Eye donation display board/ banners put on mortuaries, cremation grounds, hospitals and thepublic gathering place like railway stations, busstops etc.Support taken from influential persons such aspoliticians, sports persons and celebrities etc. topromote eye donation.Awareness campaign on Eye donation done throughNGO's, Senior Citizens Group, Youth Associationand Resident Welfare Association etc.
7Public awareness was made through print, audiovisual presentation, involvement of NGOs & social workers, observing eye donation fortnight, mobilization of eye donation pledges etc.Also side by side list of patients required to undergo keratoplasty was prepared by regular OPD & by conducting special camps for such patients.
8Results : Jan 2010 to Mar 2011, 2056 eyeballs received by Donation…Total no. of keratoplasty done were 754
9Total number of public awareness activities taken by Eye banks & District Blindness Control Society fromJan 2010 to Mar were 210. Out of that almost52 were taken during eye donation fortnight (25 August to 8 September) that almost 25% of the activities.As compared to eye donation awareness activities, there were no special efforts to find patients for keratoplasty.There were nil special camps to find out such beneficiaries for keratoplasty.
11List of such beneficiaries was made by routine OPD patients. At some places, special cornea OPDs wereheld to find out such patients but mostly routine OPDpatients were referred to such OPDs.On an average at a given time list of such beneficiarieswere not more than 400 including all eye banks &Government setups.
12Among 2056 eyeballs collected, 38 eyeballs were Received from one eyebank to other due to unavailability or unwillingness of available patientsto undergo keratoplasty.Though total number of collected eyes increasedSteadily proving the benefit of eye donationMovement; Comparatively those patients who require keratoplasty were less & also among those almost 25 % were not willing to undergo procedure.90 % among those 25 % were having unilateralproblems with other eye having good vision (> 6/24).
13DISCUSSION Nearly 10 lacs are corneal blind people in the country. Majority of them are young in the productive agegroup who have lost their vision either due to injuries,infection/ malnutrition or were congenital in natureetc.The sight can be restored only by cornealtransplantation.
14Corneal infection is the most common cause of bilateral corneal blindness. There is a high frequency of involvement of one eye with subsequent involvement of the other eye at a later date. This is more commonly seen in the rural population, particularly in those belonging to a lower socioeconomic stratum and those who are illiterate and tend to be ignorant about proper eye care.Pattern of bilateral blinding corneal disease in patients waiting for keratoplasty in a tertiary eye care centre in northern India. Cornea Mar;29(3): Tandon R, Sinha R, Moulick P, Agarwal P, Titiyal JS, Vajpayee RB. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
15Though there has been progress in Eye Donation, only 42,000 (approx.) eyes were collected last yearwith the efforts of eye banks in Govt. & Non Governmentsectors in India put together, whereas our requirementis around to corneas per year.Collection of donor materials is loweven in metros & big cities where facilities fortreatment of corneal blindness are available.
16India has largest blind population NEW DELHI: India is now home to the world's largest number of blind people. Of the 37 million people across the globe who are blind, over 15 million are from India.What's worse, 75% of these are cases of avoidable blindness, thanks to the country's acute shortage of donated eyes for the treatment of corneal blindness.Kounteya Sinha, TNN Oct 11, 2007, 02.32am IST
17Promoting pledging for Eye Donation has definitely led to increase in public awareness abouteye donation. But, since donation can happen onlyafter death, there is no direct relationship betweenpledging for eye donation and actual collection of thedonated eyes.
18Conclusions & Recommendation: This study concludes that awareness campaigns promote public for Eye donation, so that such activities should be held more frequently.There is also need for preparation of minds of patients to undergo keratoplasy & also finding such patients through special camps is of more importance.
19REFERENCES :1. Pattern of bilateral blinding corneal disease in patients waiting for keratoplasty in a tertiary eye care centre in northern India. Cornea Mar;29(3):2. Tandon R, Sinha R, Moulick P, Agarwal P, Titiyal JS,Vajpayee RB. Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for OphthalmicSciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.3. Kounteya Sinha, TNN Oct 11, 2007, 02.32am IST
20ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:1. District Blindness Control Society, Pune.2. All eyebanks & Eye donation centers, Pune District3. Health Department, statistical section, Maharashtra.4. Dr. Harshal Pandve, M.D.(P.S.M.)