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I n t e r n a t i o n a l M a r k e t i n g Integrated Marketing Communications and International Advertising Chapter 16 1 4 t h E d i t i o n P h i l.

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Presentation on theme: "I n t e r n a t i o n a l M a r k e t i n g Integrated Marketing Communications and International Advertising Chapter 16 1 4 t h E d i t i o n P h i l."— Presentation transcript:

1 I n t e r n a t i o n a l M a r k e t i n g Integrated Marketing Communications and International Advertising Chapter 16 1 4 t h E d i t i o n P h i l i p R. C a t e o r a M a r y C. G i l l y J o h n L. G r a h a m McGraw-Hill/Irwin International Marketing 14/e Copyright © 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 16-2 What Should You Learn? Local market characteristics that affect the advertising and promotion of products The strengths and weaknesses of sales promotion and public relations in global marketing When global advertising is most effective; when modified advertising is necessary

3 16-3 What Should You Learn? The effects of a single European market on advertising The effect of limited media, excessive media, paper and equipment shortages, and government regulations on advertising and promotion budgets The communication process and advertising misfires

4 16-4 Global Perspective Barbie Versus Mulan Integrated marketing communications (IMC) –Advertising –Sales promotions –Trade shows –Personal selling –Direct selling –Public relations Objective: successful sale of a product or service Availability of appropriate communication channels can determine entry decisions

5 16-5 Sales Promotions in International Markets Sales promotions –Marketing activities that stimulate consumer purchases and improve retailer or middlemen effectiveness and cooperation –Short-term efforts directed to the consumer or retailer to achieve specific objectives In markets with media limitations the percentage of the promotional budget allocated to sales promotions may have to be increased Product sampling

6 16-6 International Public Relations Public relations (PR) is creating good relationships with the popular press and other media –To help companies communicate messages to customers, the general public, and governmental regulators Bridgestone/Firestone Tires safety recall Global workplace standards Building an international profile Corporate sponsorships

7 16-7 Top 20 Global Advertisers ($ millions) Exhibit 16.1

8 16-8 Top 100 Advertisers Global Spending ($ millions) Exhibit 16.2

9 16-9 Top Ten Advertisers (Russia and China – $ millions) Exhibit 16.3 (A) Russia (B) China

10 16-10 International Advertising 1.Perform marketing research 2.Specify the goals of the communication 3.Develop the most effective message(s) for the market segments selected 4.Select effective media 5.Compose and secure a budget 6.Execute the campaign 7.Evaluate the campaign relative to the goals specified

11 16-11 Advertising Strategy and Goals Marketing problems –Require careful marketing research –Thoughtful and creative advertising campaigns In country, regional, and global markets Increased need for more sophisticated advertising strategies Balance between standardization of advertising themes and customization Consumer cultures

12 16-12 Product Attributes and Benefit Segmentation Different cultures usually agree on the benefit of the primary function of a product or service Other features and psychological attributes of the item can have significant differences –Cameras –Yogurt –Almonds Blue Diamond –Assumes that no two markets will react the same Each has its own set of differences Each will require a different marketing approach and strategy

13 16-13 Regional Segmentation Pan-European communications media highlights need for more standardized promotional efforts Costs savings with a common theme in uniform promotional packaging and design Legal restrictions slowly being eliminated

14 16-14 Global Advertising and the Communications Process If not properly considered, different cultural contexts can increase the probability of misunderstandings Effective communication –Demands the existence of a psychological overlap between the sender and the receiver It can never be assumed that if it sells well in one country, it will sell in another

15 16-15 The International Communications Process Exhibit 16.4

16 16-16 Legal Constraints Comparative advertising Advertising of specific products Control of advertising on television Accessibility to broadcast media Limitations on length and number of commercials Internet services Special taxes that apply to advertising

17 16-17 Linguistic Limitations Language is one of the major barriers to effective communication through advertising Translation challenges Low literacy in many countries Multiple languages within a country In-country testing with the target consumer group avoids problems caused by linguistic differences

18 16-18 Cultural Diversity Knowledge of cultural diversity must encompass the total advertising project Existing perceptions based on tradition and heritages are often hard to overcome Subcultures Changing traditions

19 16-19 Media Limitations and Production and Cost Limitations Media limitations may diminish the role of advertising in the promotional program Examples of production limitations: –Poor-quality printing –Lack of high-grade paper Low-cost reproduction in small markets poses a problem in many countries

20 16-20 Media Planning and Analysis – Tactical Considerations Availability Cost Coverage Lack of market data

21 16-21 Media Planning and Analysis – Tactical Considerations Newspapers Magazines Radio and television Satellite and cable TV

22 16-22 Media Planning and Analysis – Tactical Considerations Direct mail The Internet The New Social Media Other media

23 16-23 Media Penetration in Selected Countries (per 1,000 persons) Exhibit 16.5

24 16-24 Top Ten Websites in Three Countries (visitors per month) Exhibit 16.6

25 16-25 Social Networking Goes Mobile (Percent of Respondents) Exhibit 16.7

26 16-26 Campaign Execution and Advertising Agencies Managed by advertising agencies –Local domestic agency –Company-owned agency –Multinational agency with local branches Compensation –Commonly 15 percent throughout the world –Some companies moving to reward-by-results

27 16-27 Worlds Top Ten Advertising Agency Organizations Exhibit 16.8

28 16-28 International Control of Advertising – Broader Issues Consumer criticism Deceptive advertising Decency and blatant use of sex Self-regulation Government regulations

29 16-29 Summary An integrated marketing communications (IMC) program includes coordination among advertising, sales management, public relations, sales promotions, and direct marketing Currently companies are basing their advertising strategies on national, subcultural, demographic, or other market segments The major problem facing international advertisers is designing the best messages for each market served

30 16-30 Summary The availability and quality of advertising media vary substantially around the world Advances in communication technologies are causing dramatic changes in the structure of the international advertising and communications industries

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