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Promoting Employment and Entrepreneurship for Rural Youth: The Case of the Farmer Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) Dr. Peter Wobst - Senior Economist Economic.

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Presentation on theme: "Promoting Employment and Entrepreneurship for Rural Youth: The Case of the Farmer Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) Dr. Peter Wobst - Senior Economist Economic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Promoting Employment and Entrepreneurship for Rural Youth: The Case of the Farmer Field and Life Schools (JFFLS) Dr. Peter Wobst - Senior Economist Economic and Social Development Department 19 th CTA Brussels Rural Development Briefing - 16 June 2010 Youth and Rural Development

2 UN System-wide policy coherence System-wide commitment Second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2008-2017): Full Employment and Decent Work for All ECOSOC resolution 2008/18 Promoting full employment and decent work for all MDG target 1.B (2005): Achieving full and productive employment and decent work for all including women and young people. System-wide initiatives Plan of Action (2 nd Poverty Decade) 2009 CEB Crisis Initiatives: Global Jobs Pact and Social Protection Floor Initiatives

3 Rural Employment Team FAO Global Goals: Reduction of hunger Elimination of poverty Sustainable management of natural resources Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division (ESW) FAOs New Strategic Framework G Markets, Livelihoods, Rural Development IIEE (2007) recommendation: Refocus FAOs work on value addition and employment for income generation and food access

4 Strategic Objective G Enabling environment for markets to improve livelihoods and rural development Organizational Result 2 Rural employment creation, access to land and income diversification are integrated into agricultural and rural development policies, programmes and partnerships Unit Result G0209 The enabling environment in support of decent rural employment is improved Decent work Country-based strategic approach Youth employment Decent Work Agenda Employ creation Rights at work Social Protection Social Dialogue Institutions Gender Equity Sub-areasPrinciplesConsiderationsTopics Smallholder trans Globalization Climate change Econ & fin crises Outcomes Enabling Environment More and better jobs Increased incomes and livelihoods Food security & poverty reduction Others... Child labour prevention Migration Economic & social empowerment Land / NR Decent rural employment

5 CEB Gobal Jobs Pact and Social Protection Floor Initiative Second UN Decade for the Eradication of Poverty (2008-2017) CAADP process Other regional frameworks ILO Decent Work Country Programmes UNDAF Country support approach Country profiles Specific policy advice and technical assistance on rural employment (e.g. JFFLS via UNJPs) Strategic country support approach

6 Share of rural youth in total population

7 Country data snapshot (Malawi) Share of youth living with less then 2 US$ per day 66.3% Typical Malawi youth LocationSexAgeLiterateAttending school Rural87%Female52%19Yes63%No40% Working youth population National / rural Female 23% (94.6% in agriculture) Male 19% (88.6 % in agriculture)

8 Acquisition of skills and bargaining power Reduced child labour Reduced migration Rural youth employment Poverty reduction Social integration Income generation More skilled and productive youth Food production Empowerment Food security Better health Purchasing power Youth employment, FS and poverty

9 Lack of access to and control over productive resources (e.g. land and capital) Inadequate skills (e.g. production, processing and business skills) Generational gap (e.g. transfer of indigenous farming knowledge from adults to young) Labour market discriminations often result into higher unemployment rates for young girls Globalization (e.g. uncertainties, variability in prices) Few countries have included employment promotion strategies in their PRSPs Many challenges for rural youth

10 JUNIOR FARMER FIELD AND LIFE SCHOOLS Agriculture techniques COMBINED WITH life and business skills JFFLS: Creating jobs and engaging people crop cycle follows creation of Youth Farmers Associations JFFLS graduates one year cycle

11 JFFLS training modules Land preparation Planning in agriculture and in life Growing up healthy Agriculture diversity Protection (IPM and personal protection) How to face threats and loss Food processing and conservation Entrepreneurship – business skills Water for life Land and property rights Child labour prevention (FAO-ILO module) Monitoring and Evaluation toolkit

12 AGRICULTURAL SKILLS LIFE-BUSINESS SKILLS PLANNING IN AGRICULTURE (planning a cropping calendar) PLANNING IN LIFE (importance of setting goals) WATER MANAGEMENT (irrigation methods) WATER IN LIFE – HYGIENE – HEALTH (quality of water and nutrition) CHARATERISTICS OF SOIL CONDITION (methods of sowing and preparation) PERSONAL CHARATERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT HOW TO PROTECT YOUR CROPS AND PROPERTY HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF (child labour, rights and property rights) WHEN TO HARVEST AND WHAT TO DO WITH IT (demands from the market) AGRICULTURE AS A BUSINESS (business and marketing skills) ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS (sustainable and diversified agriculture) MAINTANANCE IN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY Innovative JFFLS curriculum

13 Ministry of Youth Ministry of Education FAO Institutional Support Youth Clubs - Schools Vocational Training Centers Capacity Building Norms and Standards Innovation Programmes Inclusion of agric. skills in MoYDS - MoE curriculum Creation of Youth Farmers Associations Farmers Organizations & Cooperatives Rural Finance Institutions National ownership - Up-scaling to all MoYDS clubs and MoE schools & Farmers Cooperatives + + = = Institutionalization

14 Implementing countries Burundi, Cameroon, DRC, West Bank and Gaza Strip, Ghana, Honduras, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe Foreseen next Comoros, Haiti and Niger Youths trained19,000 Facilitators trained 2,000 JFFLS mapping

15 National Government UNDP ILOUNICEFWFPFAOWHOUNAIDSUNIFEM National Government + UN Country Team (UNCT) United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) = UNJPs in Comoros, Nepal, Honduras, Tunisia, Mozambique, Gaza & West Bank, Sudan and Malawi National ownership Partnership Comparative advantage Maximum effectiveness and accountability UN-wide system coherence: Delivering as ONE

16 The way forward Undertake core activities under areas of gender equality and rural employment, youth employment promotion, child labour prevention and migration Seek financial support for developing and applying a strategic country support approach JFFLS as integral part of an inclusive FAO country approach on decent rural employment Expand country and regional coverage of JFFLS Enhance institutionalization of JFFLS Link rural youth employment work to UN country teams and inter-agency mechanisms: CEB Joint Crisis Initiatives: Global Jobs Pact and Social Protection Floor Initiative UNDAFs, UNJPs, NEPAD/CAADP, DWCPs Collaboration with ILO Continued UNJPs cooperation (UN-wide approach) Link to other development partners and policy areas Contact: /

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