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1 Joining Forces: US and European Best Practices in Promoting Entrepreneurship Education November 14 th, 2010 Columbus, Ohio, USA Presented by: Dana T.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Joining Forces: US and European Best Practices in Promoting Entrepreneurship Education November 14 th, 2010 Columbus, Ohio, USA Presented by: Dana T."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Joining Forces: US and European Best Practices in Promoting Entrepreneurship Education November 14 th, 2010 Columbus, Ohio, USA Presented by: Dana T. Redford, PhD

2 Dana Thacher Redford, PhD Post Doc Visiting Scholar & International Development Assistant Professor of Management Consultant to EU Presidency EU Project Coordinator Associate and Strategic Consultant Director, American Chamber of Commerce International Entrepreneur Lead Market Research Consultants Previously, in Houston, Texas, Market Research Manager of Entrepreneurship & Intrapreneurship Internationalization & Corporate Strategy Government Affairs

3 WHAT IS ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT? 3

4 More than 95% of businesses in most countries are small (<100 employees) In most countries, more than half of all employees work in small businesses In many countries more than half of gross domestic product comes from small businesses They tend to be more flexible and responsive to customers They are more innovative than large businesses Background on Entrepreneurship

5 5 Entrepreneurship as a Strategy Strategies for Entrepreneurs –Competing with BIG Business –Complementing BIG Business –Cooperating with BIG Business Strategies for Big Business –Tool for Accelerating Innovation Strategies for Public Policy The Strategy for 21 st Century in the US & EU

6 6 What is Entrepreneurship? A process Not a person About BIG companies that happen to be small Not about small business Important to BIG business

7 7 Entrepreneurship The pursuit of Opportunity beyond the Resources you currently control Harvard Business School Working Definition

8 CULTURAL DIFFERENCES AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP 8

9 9 Cultural Environmental Factors What People Think About Entrepreneurs What People Think About Entrepreneurs Business Norms and Behavior Business Norms and Behavior Cultural Traditions, Preferences, and Behaviors Cultural Traditions, Preferences, and Behaviors

10 Culture: United States 10

11 Culture: Europe 11

12 12

13 13

14 IN SEARCH OF BEST PRACTICES FOR ENTREPRENUERSHIP EDUCATION IN THE US & EU 14

15 15 Theoretical & Empirical Research Model Higher Education Semi-Governmental Agencies Economic Development Offices National Entities Regional Entities Local Entities Researchers Professors Business Plan Competitions Technology Transfer Offices Administrators Teachers Parents Chambers of Commerce Trade Associations Venture Capitalists Friends, Family & Fools Banks Business Angels Mentor/Counselors Accountants Lawyers Consultants Incubators Technological Parks Journals Television Internet Radio Broadcasters Reporters Self-Employed Small Business Owners Entrepreneurs Foundations Agencies Cross-Industry Associations Entrepreneur Associations Labor Unions Regulatory Bodies Transnational Entities Entrepreneurship Support & Promotion Infrastructure Government Grade-School & Secondary Education Community Organizations (Public) The Media Entrepreneurship Support & Promotion Funding Sources Business Associations Community Organizations (Private) Service Providers Entrepreneurs Think Tank Associations

16 16 The Role of Entrepreneurship Education 1.Show Entrepreneurship as a possible career choice 2.Advocate the mindset and type of creativity employed in entrepreneurial endeavors 3.Give students the technical and business skill- set necessary to have a successful entrepreneurial career 4.Assume the responsibility as educators to advancing the body of knowledge associated with the entrepreneurial phenomenon. Their findings should not only be disseminated to students but also to policy-makers and the public at large Source: Redford, 2007

17 Entrepreneurship Education & Training Public policy solution to solve the deficit of entrepreneurship in Europe –Oslo Agenda for Entrepreneurship –Various European Commission report –Organizations for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Look at public policy models from other countries 17

18 Research into Dutch Public Policy From 2006 to 2012, 97 million 75,000 students, 4,400 teachers in over 500 schools Stimulate the creation of entrepreneurship centers that join several universities Holland Program on Entrepreneurship (HOPE) –HOPE = Erasmus U Rotterdam, TU Delft, U Leiden, mayor companies, 100+ entrepreneurs Accompany national develop with monitoring and research 18 Dutch Model for Entrepreneurship Education

19 The Dutch Model 2000 Upcoming awareness 2005 Partnership Leren Ondernemen An initiative of 2 ministries: –Ministry of Economic affairs –Ministry of Education 19

20 Dutch Model Continues 2007 Stimulating projects on EE Primary and secondary schools - 5 million Higher education - 12 million (Centers of Entrepreneurship) 2008 Developing an Actionprogramme: More structure, quality: organizing joined efforts 20

21 Dutch Model Today 2009 Actionprogramme Education and Enterprise 33 million ( ) Versus Other countries or regions? ??? -,, - ??? ??? - $,$$$,$$$ - ??? ??? - Timeframe - ??? 21

22 Range in Europe – Grade & High School The Netherlands (16.3 million pop.) 500 schools 75,000 students Portugal (10.5 million pop.) 98 schools & ~ 4,700 students 22 Source: Redford, 2009 & 2010

23 Interconnection is Key Conceptualizing the Relations 23 Schools

24 24 Research into American Public Policy Has existed in the United States since 1982 Vision: An organization recognized as the national leader in advocating entrepreneurship education as a lifelong learning process. Mission: The Consortium Champions Entrepreneurship Education and Provides Advocacy, Leadership, Networking, Technical Assistance, and Resources nationally across all levels and disciplines of education, promoting Quality Practices and Programs. Website: The Consortium for Entrepreneurship Education

25 Creation of Best Practices in Portugal 25 Centro de Educação do Empreendedorismo em Portugal Policy Advocacy & Development IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL RESEARCH Training of Teachers Dont reinvent the wheel – take good practices from other countries and organizations

26 Global Best Practices 26 One of Eight Good Practices in Entrepreneurship Education in the OECD in 2010 Masters – Entrepreneurship, Leadership and Opportunity Recognition

27 Researching Student Attitudes Track Students Attitudes towards Entrepreneurship –81.2% want to work for others and only 16.1% want to create their own business Track Students Attitudes related to Risk and Obstacles –49.9% of the respondents point to the bureaucracy of governmental entities and fears going bankrupt (58%) 27 Source: Redford, 2009

28 Researcher Career Choices & Education During 2005/2006 only 826, or 0.2%, of students at the post-secondary level participated in an entrepreneurship class in Portugal Only 14.8% of students believe that the Portuguese educational system develops a state of mind that encourages the creation of new firms 63.7% of students believe in the possibility of owning their own business in the future After graduation only 16.1% want to create their own business whereas 81.2% want to work for others 28

29 29 Learning about Obstacles for Students Starting Early in the Educational Cycle & Educating for the Future 63.7% of students believe in the possibility of owning their own business in the future Risk Taking Need for a Discussion of Risk 49.9% of respondents point to the bureaucracy of governmental entities and fear going bankrupt (58%) Practical Experiences in Class Experiential learning practices for class assignments

30 Further Policy Considerations Youth Employment and Entrepreneurship Regional and Socio-Economic Differences Gender Consideration in Entrepreneurship Prominence of the Public Sector in the Mindset of Post-Secondary Students Advancing Entrepreneurship Education as part of the EUs Lisbon Strategy 30

31 31 Conclusions: Policy Development Benchmarking and Evaluation Educational System and Entrepreneurship Promotion Capacity Building of Entrepreneurship Education Post-Secondary, Secondary and Primary Education – Entrepreneurship Offerings Students Attitudes towards Entrepreneurship Students Attitudes related to Risk and Obstacles

32 32 Thank You Professor Dana T. Redford


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