Presentation on theme: "Designing the Age Friendly Workplace1 Health Promotion."— Presentation transcript:
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace1 Health Promotion
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace2 Key Points Health Promotion Health is an aging issue Promoting health throughout life can prevent chronic illness Promoting health can keep chronic illnesses under control Promoting health can reduce health care costs
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace3 The Health of Our Nation A Discussion What are the three leading causes of death in the United States? What are the three leading causes of disability in the United States? Of the six… – How many can be prevented? _____ – How many can be managed? _____ – How many are related to age? _____ – How are they related to age?
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace4 Leading Causes of Death*, 2005 * In the United States of America Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace5 Leading Causes of Disability, 1999 Among adults in the United States of America (18+) Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace6 Chronic Illness An Aging Issue Many chronic illnesses become more common with age Chronic illnesses usually take a long time to develop, which means… They start developing when were young! Source: National Health Interview Survey
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace7 Diabetes An Example of an Aging Issue Diabetes comes in different types – Type I - Primarily due to genetics – Type II - Is related to aging, diet and exercise Can be prevented Formerly called adult onset diabetes Diabetes is an aging issue
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace8 Increasing Rates of Diabetes An Aging Issue 1.7 4.4 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace9 Chronic Illness What To Do Develop or enhance a health promotion program at your workplace Focus your energy on programs and policies that have been proven to work Provide incentives Involve employees Track your results – Health outcomes – Costs and savings Health Promotion information influenced by Jeff Harriss work at the UW Health Promotion Research Center
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace10 Three Levels of Health Promotion 1.Prevention – Stop the disease before it starts! – e.g. vaccines, seat belts 2.Detection – Catch it early – e.g. cancer screening tests 3.Management – Keep it from getting worse – e.g. a diet for someone with diabetes Cost-Effectiveness Rule of Thumb
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace11 Prevention Proven Approaches The Guide to Community Preventive Services Covering Clinical Services with Insurance – Smoking cessation counseling – Coverage of OTC smoking medication – Vaccines (e.g. influenza) Promoting Health in the Workplace – Physical activity – Nutrition – Smoking cessation
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace12 Prevention Existing Programs LEAN Works! – Leading Employees to Activity and Nutrition – Workplace-based obesity prevention program – Can be found at www.cdc.gov/leanworks built – Building trades Unite to Ignite Less Tobacco – Smoking cessation program developed for blue-collar workers in the construction trades
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace13 Prevention Existing Programs Diabetes Prevention Program – Changes to physical activity and diet can prevent or delay Type II diabetes – Can be found by googling Diabetes Prevention Program
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace14 Prevention Providing Incentives Having a health promotion program on paper is not enough to ensure your workers health Implementing health protections increases participation in health promotion activities Workplace incentives to exercise and eat well – Exercise is available on-site and/or can be done on the clock – A variety of healthy food is affordable and accessible on-site – Health information on-site is widely available (e.g. point-of- decision prompts) – Individually-adapted behavior change programs – Sharing the cost of gym memberships – Eliminating co-pays for smoking cessation counseling and OTC smoking cessation medication
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace15 Prevention Tracking the Results Health-based measures (direct) – Disease rates – Weight or Body Mass Index (BMI) Participation-based measures (indirect) – Hours of exercise per week – Numbers of employees enrolled in a particular program or service – Numbers of employees who complete a given program – Vegetable and fruit sales in the cafeteria or vending machine Web-based tracking
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace16 Preventive Health Services Proven Approaches The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services Influenza vaccinations Screening tests are available for… – Various types of cancer – Heart disease – Diabetes – Musculoskeletal conditions (e.g. back pain) – And more… Chronic disease management protocols
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace17 Health Promotion in Washington Percent of WA Insurance Policies that Cover … …and the percent that dont. 94% 90% 45% 32% 20% From Jeff Harris, MD, U. of Washington, May 21, 2007 2180 employers. Bondi et al. Am J Health Promot. 2006;20:214-22.
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace18 Health Promotion in Washington WA Workers Could Be Doing Better, Too Note: 40 percent of Washingtonians are already overweight or obese by ages 18- 24. Rises to 65 percent for those ages 45-54. From Jeff Harris, MD, U. of Washington, May 21, 2007 Source: Hughes, Hannon et al. WA BRFSS; Workers w/ Ins., age 18-64, 2004-5.
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace19 Health Promotion in Washington We Know What To Do, But… Employers under-purchase preventive services Employees miss opportunities to promote their own health When preventive services are offered, employees dont take advantage as much as they should From: Employment Based Prevention of Chronic Disease in Washington State University of Washington Health Promotion Research Center December 2005
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace20 Preventive Services Providing Incentives Eliminate co-pays for effective preventive services – Especially for cost-effective services like smoking cessation counseling & medication, flu vaccines, colonoscopies & mammograms Provide flu vaccinations at your organization Health care provider visits for preventive services – On the clock – Travel reimbursement – Have a nurse practitioner or physician assistant come to your organization Education about the importance of preventive care
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace21 Health Promotion Summary Health is an aging issue – Older workers are more likely to have chronic health problems – Health promotion should start with younger workers We know how to prevent many chronic diseases Workplace health promotion programs can save lives and money – Prevention: Physical activity, nutrition, smoking cessation programs and vaccines – Detection and Management: Changing insurance to cover preventive services
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace22 Time for a Break…
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace23 Health Promotion What To Do 1 1.Identify your priorities 2.Create a plan to address your priorities 3.Implement your plan and build on it 1 Planning approach adapted from The Breakthrough Strategy, developed by Robert Schaeffer
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace24 1.Identify a Health Promotion Priority What Will Make a Difference? What Is Your Priority? – Whats important for the future of your organization? – What will people in your organization really care about? Obesity Prevention Smoking Cessation Flu Vaccinations Disease Screening Insurance Coverage
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace25 2.Create a Plan How Do You Achieve Your Objectives? How will you measure success? ________ – Pick a good way to measure your top priority – How much will you change? ________ – Hint: Start small to generate momentum Do you have a baseline? Who is accountable? – Who is the champion? _______________ – Is it a team effort? If so, whos on the team?
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace26 2.Create a Plan How Do You Achieve Your Objectives? What is the timeline? – When will it all be done? ____/ ____/ ______ – How often will you need to meet for progress updates? What, exactly, do you need to do to make it happen? – Step 1:__________________________________________ – Step 2: _________________________________________ – Step 3: _________________________________________ – Step 4: _________________________________________ – Etc.
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace27 2.Create a Plan How Do You Achieve Your Objectives? What might get in the way? How will you respond? ChallengeResponse
Designing the Age Friendly Workplace28 Type of GoalGoal How It Will Happen Who Will Ensure It Does When It Will Finish Challenges & Responses The Work Environment Health Promotion Work/Life Balance - In the Workplace - In the Community The Age Friendly Workplace