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1 By Marianne Bates May 2011

2 Interview a living person Find someone who lived through an interesting historical event or time period Ask questions Gather information and memories Record their answers

3 Grandparents Other family member Neighbor Family friend An acquaintance from Boy Scouts, church, or a civic organization

4 Face to face Video Tape recording/ MP3 Letter or Telephone call

5 Acquire background knowledge to ask good questions Use a variety of sources Pioneer Library Internet sources Library sources (use subject search) Cite sources Take notes

6 Background Information (3-4) General questions about the time period (3- 4) Specific questions about the persons experiences (5-6) Follow-up questions as needed Ask them to tell stories Do not interrupt or correct what they say

7 Notebook Pens or pencils Tape recorder, video recorder, MP-3 player Background infojog your memory Questions Water

8 Arrive early Set up and test equipment Choose a room without outside noise or distractions Provide a comfortable chair Provide water and refreshments Help the interviewee feel relaxed and at ease Speak slowly, loudly and clearly Start with easy questions

9 Say thank you Chat about what you learned together Tell your interviewee what you will do with the interview Label everything you have information on (video tape, cassette tape, notes, etc.) Make a transcription of your interview Send one to the interviewee with a thank you letter

10 The Great Depression World War II Korean War Vietnam War Cold War Fall of the Berlin War Refugees or Immigrants to the U.S. Gulf War

11 Powell, Kimberly. "Oral history step-by-step." Genealogy 25 Mar 2009.

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