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Civil Citation: Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime

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1 Civil Citation: Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime
DISC Village, Inc. Miami-Dade Juvenile Services Civil Citation: Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime

2 What Is the Civil Citation Program?
The Civil Citation Program, derived from Florida Statutes [Formerly ]. Implemented in April 1996, this program offers early intervention, counseling, education, and other appropriate community resources to divert appropriate juvenile misdemeanor offenders from the juvenile justice system. The Civil Citation Program works with other Community Partners in the effort to reduce juvenile crime, and to provide services for at-risk youth. We will discuss the programs administered by: DISC Village, Inc. in Leon County Miami-Dade Juvenile Services Department, Miami-Dade County

3 985.12, Florida Statute for Civil Citation
Civil citation.– (1) There is established a juvenile civil citation process for the purpose of providing an efficient and innovative alternative to custody by the Department of Juvenile Justice of children who commit nonserious delinquent acts and to ensure swift and appropriate consequences. The civil citation program may be established at the local level with the concurrence of the chief judge of the circuit, state attorney, public defender, and the head of each local law enforcement agency involved. Under such a juvenile civil citation program, any law enforcement officer, upon making contact with a juvenile who admits having committed a misdemeanor, may issue a civil citation assessing not more than 50 community service hours, and may require participation in intervention services appropriate to identified needs of the juvenile, including family counseling, urinalysis monitoring, and substance abuse and mental health treatment services. A copy of each citation issued under this section shall be provided to the department, and the department shall enter appropriate information into the juvenile offender information system. (2) Upon issuing such citation, the law enforcement officer shall send a copy to the county sheriff, state attorney, the appropriate intake office of the department, the community service performance monitor designated by the department, the parent or guardian of the child, and the victim.

4 985.12, Florida Statute for Civil Citation
(3)  The child shall report to the community service performance monitor within 7 working days after the date of issuance of the citation. The work assignment shall be accomplished at a rate of not less than 5 hours per week. The monitor shall advise the intake office immediately upon reporting by the child to the monitor, that the child has in fact reported and the expected date upon which completion of the work assignment will be accomplished. (4)  If the juvenile fails to report timely for a work assignment, complete a work assignment, or comply with assigned intervention services within the prescribed time, or if the juvenile commits a third or subsequent misdemeanor, the law enforcement officer shall issue a report alleging the child has committed a delinquent act, at which point a juvenile probation officer shall perform a preliminary determination as provided under s (5)  At the time of issuance of the citation by the law enforcement officer, such officer shall advise the child that the child has the option to refuse the citation and to be referred to the intake office of the department. That option may be exercised at any time prior to completion of the work assignment. History.--s. 5, ch ; s. 1, ch ; s. 23, ch ; s. 45, ch ; s. 19, ch ; s. 19, ch Note.--Former s ; s

5 (j)(5), Florida Statute Juvenile Justice; Interstate Compact on Juveniles Part III: Custody & Intake; Intervention and Diversion (5)  If the screening and assessment indicate that the interests of the child and the public will be best served thereby, the juvenile probation officer, with the approval of the state attorney, may refer the child for care, diagnostic, and evaluation services; substance abuse treatment services; mental health services; retardation services; a diversionary, arbitration, or mediation program; community service work; or other programs or treatment services voluntarily accepted by the child and the child's parents or legal guardian. Whenever a child volunteers to participate in any work program under this chapter or volunteers to work in a specified state, county, municipal, or community service organization supervised work program or to work for the victim, the child shall be considered an employee of the state for the purposes of liability. In determining the child's average weekly wage, unless otherwise determined by a specific funding program, all remuneration received from the employer is considered a gratuity, and the child is not entitled to any benefits otherwise payable under s , regardless of whether the child may be receiving wages and remuneration from other employment with another employer and regardless of the child's future wage-earning capacity.

6 Core Elements of a Successful Civil Citation Program
Central data collection including 24-hour access to JJIS Participation and coordination with law enforcement Comprehensive Assessment Case Management Services

7 Core Elements of a Successful Civil Citation Program
Integrated and Coordinated Systems of Care & Diversion Options Steering Committee consisting of Key Players Service Providers State Attorney Public Defender Judges School System Law Enforcement

8 Civil Citation Program Benefits
Civil Citation Programs increase diversion. Keeps youth that pose no real threat to public safety out of the juvenile justice system.

9 Civil Citation Program Benefits
Civil Citation Programs Save Time & Money Costs of Processing Youth; reducing time spent by law enforcement, state attorneys, public defenders, probation, court personnel, etc. Frees up resources to focus on more serious and violent offenders.

10 DISC VILLAGE, INC. (Leon County)
Civil Citation DISC VILLAGE, INC. (Leon County)

11 How Does the Program Work?
Leon County: How Does the Program Work? Any youth who commits a misdemeanor or violates a county or municipal ordinance and has no prior arrests or juvenile sanctions is eligible for the Civil Citation Program. The law enforcement officer contacts the Juvenile Assessment Center to determine if the youth has any prior charges. The JAC Technician checks the Juvenile Justice Information System (JJIS) and reports the information to the officer. If there is no prior history, a civil citation may be issued at the discretion of the law enforcement officer. The child and the parent/legal guardian must agree to participate in the program and abide by the rules of the supervision process and must contact the program within seven (7) days of citation issuance. The program sets an assessment appointment with the youth and parent/guardian to complete program admission and further explain the program requirements. The youth receives the appropriate sanctions and begins work with the program and is assigned services based on the offense.

12 Services Provided By Civil Citation in Leon County
GAIN-Q (Replaces an internal Biopsychosocial Assessment) Treatment Recommendations & Referrals Case Management Services Chemical Education Groups Urinalysis Testing

13 Crime Index – Leon County
Affray Alcoholic beverage possession by a minor Alcoholic beverage selling, giving or serving to minor Assault Battery Carrying a concealed weapon Criminal mischief* ($200-$1000 damage) if no restitution involved. Disturbing schools and religious assemblies False fire alarm False report Indecent exposure – public Loitering or prowling Petit theft Possession of marijuana (Less than 20 grams) Possession of narcotic equipment

14 Crime Index Resisting without violence Resisting a merchant
Trespass – property other than structure/conveyance Trespass – structure or conveyance

15 Juvenile Assessment Center Referral History

16 Civil Citation Referral History

17 Leon County Stats – Quick Facts

18 Leon County Stats – Quick Facts

19 Leon County Stats – Quick Facts

20 Program Sanctions The issuing officer will designate the number of community service hours to be completed, which will not exceed 50 hours. The Intervention Coordinator/Case Manager will determine where the juvenile will complete the hours and set a due date. The Law Enforcement Officer will also inform the client that additional sanctions and/or services may be assigned by the Civil Citation Program. The client must complete the hours and any additional sanctions/services to be considered successful.

21 Community Service Hours

22 Community Service Worksites
American Red Cross Tallahassee Parks and Recreation Leon County Public Library Volunteer Leon Tallahassee Museum of History & Natural Science Runway International Ministries/Productions Goodwill Industries United Way Mothers Against Drunk Driving Habitat for Humanity YMCA Second Harvest Of the Big Bend LeMoyne Art Foundation Jefferson County Humane Society Chattahoochee Leon County Division of Operations Various Recreation and Community Centers Brynwood Center (Nursing Home) Meals on Wheels St. Thomas Moore Howard Middle School Boys & Girls Club Palmer Monroe Teen Center Dick Howser Center

23 Program Sanctions Youth Education on Shoplifting (Y.E.S.) Program - a home study packet Anger Management - a home study packet Urinalysis - available throughout the entire program duration Chemical Education Classes—a 3 week class Outpatient Counseling - ongoing services Jail Tour Write a letter of apology Essays Assignment to various Community Services Work sites

24 Program Sanctions All services are provided free of charge to the youth and their families. DISC Village, Inc. provides case management services while the youth is in the program. The law enforcement officer and the youth’s parent/guardian are notified in writing when the youth has completed the program.

25 Program Sanctions It should also be noted that if the youth receives a ten-day suspension from their school due to a drug or alcohol related citation, the Civil Citation program will submit a letter to the school advising them of the youth’s participation in the program. The letter is a waiver from a ten-day suspension to a five-day suspension. However, the school does retain authority regarding the suspension and can enforce a full ten-day suspension.

26 Program Benefits Keeps the youth out of the juvenile delinquency system and from incurring a juvenile record. Provides youth and family with a full assessment to address risks and needs. Provides for treatment needs and referrals. Provides services at no cost to client or family. Saves money by keeping the youth out of circuit court and state delinquency system.

27 Program Success Successful completion of the program is determined by the youth’s completion of the assigned community service hours as well as any other additional sanctions that are completed within the required time frames. Unsuccessful completion of the program is determined by the youth’s failure to complete their assigned community services hours and sanction or if they are charged with another crime while they are in the program.

28 Program Success  It is the goal of the Civil Citation that a minimum of 85% of those who successfully complete the program will not re-offend for at least six months following program discharge. The following chart illustrates the success rate for the last eight years.

29 Satisfaction Rates Youth and their parents/guardians are given an initial satisfaction survey at the time of the assessment. They are also mailed a final satisfaction survey with a self-addressed stamped envelope. It is the goal of the Civil Citation program that at 75% or more of the families of the program participants that complete a satisfaction survey will report satisfaction with the program services. The following chart shows the level of overall satisfaction with the program over the last four years.

30 Leon County Program Staff
DISC Village, Inc. employs 2 full-time staff persons for the Civil Citation program: 1.0 FTE Civil Citation Coordinator/Case Manager 1.0 FTE Case Manager Program cost is dependent on the size of the district, number of youth served and number of staff persons employed.

31 Top Cops During the quarterly JAC Steering Committee Meeting, the Civil Citation program recognizes the law enforcement officers from the Tallahassee Police Department and the Leon County Sheriff’s Office who issued the most citations. Each officer is given a certificate of appreciation and a gift certificate to a local restaurant. A plaque with the officer’s name is also displayed in the Civil Citation program office.

32 Miami-Dade Civil Citation Program
Presented by: Morris Copeland, Director Cathy Burgos, LCSW, Clinical Director

33 Civil Citation Program
Represents Systemic change- Reforms the protocol on how police and the community address juvenile first-time and second time misdemeanor offenders. How it works- All children who have committed a minor first or second time misdemeanor offense will have the opportunity to participate without being arrested. Rather than issuing an arrest, police officers refer eligible children to JSD where they will receive an assessment and application of appropriate, targeted interventions without the baggage of an arrest. If not offered by the officer, JSD will provide the eligible child the opportunity to participate in Civil Citation when they arrive at the JAC. Law Enforcement Participation- First utilized in April 2007 with the Miami-Dade Public Schools Police and the Miami-Dade County Police Department. All 37 local arresting agencies have signed on to participate.

34 Benefits of Civil Citation
Represents a true systemic prevention model- Allows troubled youth to attain complete and targeted treatment services outside of the systems that currently exist and without the shame of a criminal record. Protects personal information- Prevents entry of personal information into criminal databases which may be released even if the record is sealed or expunged. Addresses disproportionate minority contact- Over 95% of participants are minorities. Reduces Arrests- JSD predicts a 30% reduction in arrests with this initiative Cost Savings- Intake and Screening process time reduced by over 60%. Paperwork significantly reduced, resulting in savings of time and money. Court fees are eliminated because no court appearance is required.

35 Excluded Charges: Ineligible for Civil Citation Initiative:
Any misdemeanor that involves the possession/use of a firearm. Any misdemeanor that involves exposure of sexual organ or other sexual related behavior (i.e. prostitution, lewd and lascivious behavior). Any misdemeanor that is directly related to (or part of) gang activity.

36 Off-Site Referral Flow Chart
Officer apprehends a juvenile in the scene for a minor offense. Officer runs the juvenile history for eligibility in CJIS. If youth is eligible, then, Officer completes the Arrest Affidavit, Release Agreement and Civil Citation form in lieu of the Arrest. All forms are signed. Youth is released in the field to either parent, legal guardian or responsible adult. Police Officer will then mail the original Arrest Affidavit and carbon copies of the Civil Citation form and Release Agreement for Referral Reduction Coordinator to prepare a recommendation package and assign case to a Case manager for services.

37 Law Enforcement Instructions
When transporting an eligible Civil Citation juvenile to the JAC: If the Officer decides to transport the youth to the Juvenile Services Department’s JAC for positive identification and Civil Citation processing, the officer will sign the Civil Citation form, and complete all of the required forms and paperwork for booking a juvenile into the JAC. The officer will then bring the pink copy of the A-form to the SAO located at the JAC.

38 95% of Civil Citation participants are minorities

39 Civil Citation in Miami-Dade

40 Comprehensive Assessment
The Leon County and Miami-Dade County Civil Citation program utilize an assessment that addressed seven (7) domains: Family/Social Supports Self Concept Peers/Activities Educational/Vocational Substance Use Psychological / Psychiatric History Physical Health History The Comprehensive Assessment focuses on identifying reasons for the problem behavior and the needs of the youth and their families, while maintaining a high degree of responsibility and accountability for youths’ actions.

41 Clinical Oversight: Clinical expertise is provided throughout intake, assessment and case-management services by Licensed and Masters Level Mental Health Professionals, allowing for clinically sound decisions throughout the process Mental Health Professions provide case-consultation, file reviews, and on-going training in Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Case-management protocol  Licensed clinicians provide 24/7 support to staff, including crisis intervention, assessment file review and recommendation of services

42 Clinical Protocol for the Young Offenders Process (YOP):
The Young Offenders Process (YOP) goal is to implement a coordinated system of service delivery for young offenders that is sensitive to their unique developmental needs, is gender specific and that reduces their risk for re-offending. Evidence-based tools used: Early Assessment Risk List (EARL) items involving risk factors identified by research as influencing children’s propensity to engage in future antisocial behavior. The Behavioral Assessment System for Children 2nd edition (BASC) focuses on important areas of emotional, behavioral, and social functioning.  There is a self-report, parent, and teacher version of the BASC School Guidance Counselor Summary provides important information on the child’s school functioning, critical for scoring items on the EARL.

43 Young Offenders Process
The process is customized for children 12 and under- Implemented Special Protocols for children 12 and under Work with police to prevent arrests by offering services instead of arrests Provide Age Appropriate, Gender-Specific, Evidence Based Assessments for children 12 and under to identify their specific needs and risks. Early age at first offense is one of the strongest predictors of re-offending 2 to 3 times more likely to become serious, violent, and chronic offenders (Loeber, Farrington, & Petechuk, 2003). Work with the child, parent(s), and/or family to address the child’s individual needs. Prevent Arrests for Children

44 SNAP® (Stop Now And Plan)
Many children are exhibiting angry, aggressive, and antisocial behaviors in schools, homes, and daycare centers at an increasingly young age. Worked with the Child Development Institute to provide young at-risk children the opportunity to develop specific skills and techniques to monitor and control their own behavior SNAP® is a cognitive behavioral strategy developed at the Child Development Institute and is taught to children in groups that are an integral part of the multifaceted interventions. SNAP® helps kids to regulate their angry feelings and to think before they act. It helps them to avoid fighting, handle peer pressure, stop stealing and play fairly. SNAP® parenting helps parents to reduce the frequency and intensity of their children's behavior problems. It helps them to monitor, encourage, reward and punish contingently.

45 Clinical Protocol for 12 and over:
This process includes research-based tools to determine the youth’s psychosocial and risk level needs.  The assessment results are used to determine intensity of services, create treatment plans and provide appropriate case-management services. Evidence-based tools used in the process: Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN-Q) is an interview based tool organized to explore the following sections: General Factors, Source of Stress, Physical Health, Emotional Health, Behavioral Health, Substance Related Issues. Youth Level of Services/Case-Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) produces a detailed survey of the risk and need factors of the youth and provides a relationship between these factors and the development of a treatment plan.   Areas explored:  behavior, education, peer relations, substance use, family, attitudes/ orientation.

46 Developing the Service Constellation
After completing the GAIN-Q and the YLS/CMI a JSD case manager accesses the service constellation. The service constellation is a detailed matrix developed by national researchers which combines the results of the assessment tools and recommends the appropriate level of supervision and monitoring.

47 Results – YOP : January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2010

48 Results – YOP: January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2010
Total of 504 YOP children assessed Assessment Results are determined by the EARL B and G, with data gathered from all YOP tools

49 Results – Clinical Protocol (ages 12 and over) April 16, 2007 – December 31, 2010
Top 5 Charges Petty Theft Simple Battery Possession of Marijuana Retail theft Trespassing Total of 6,005 children assessed

50 Results – Clinical Protocol (ages 12 and over)
April 16, 2007 – December 31, 2010 Risk Classifications

51 JSD Referral Agencies JSD refers juveniles to over 50 agencies
Kristi House Concerned African Women (FEP) Center For Family Studies Adolescent Substance Abuse and Co-Occurring Here’s Help (North) AYUDA INC (FEP) Hialeah ICFH- Functional Family Therapy (Institute for Child and Family Health) Here’s Help (South) The Children’s Bereavement Center ICFH- Intensive Individual Therapy (CIX) (Institute for Child and Family Health) The Village Life Program Community Action Agency (CAA FACE) ICFH- FEP / Sunset Unit (Institute for Child and Family Health) Regis House ( South) Family Partnership for Our Girls Future South Miami Hospital / Addiction Treatment Program Citrus Health Network Jewish Community Services Dade Family Counseling ( Little Havana Office) Psych-Solutions Work America Inc ( FACE) ICFH-FEP / Hialeah (Institute for Child and Family Health) Informed Families Children’s Substance Abuse Providers New Horizons Community Mental Health Center Chrysalis Center Center for Family and Child Enrichment New Horizons Community Mental Health Center (FACE Program) EPIP Community Health of South Dade (CHI) Sweet Vine Dade Family Counseling ( North Office) Jackson North Community Mental Health Center Girl Power Dade Family Counseling (Central Office) Dominican American National Foundation ( FEP) Young Parents Project Dade Family Counseling (Hialeah Office) ICFH-SNAP (Institute for Child and Family Health) ADGAM ( FEP) ICFH-Emancipation Program Institute for family Centered Services ( Central Office) Jobs for Miami Miami Behavioral Health Center Institute for family Centered Services ( North Office) Switchboard of Miami The Village (Residential Treatment) Institute for family Centered Services ( South Office) Youth Co-Op The Alliance for GLBT Youth ICFH -Gang Exit Strategies Program (GUESS) Teen Court Social Rehab Group/ CFCE Professional Health Network (3 Locations) AYUDA INC (FEP) South New Era Health Center Inc. AYUDA INC (FEP) North Regis House FEP ( North) JSD refers juveniles to over 50 agencies

52 Civil Citation Initiative
RESULTS Over 8,300 participants since April 2007 Reduced Arrests 20% 95% of participants are minorities 82% Successful Completion Rate 9% Recidivism (FY08-09) 25% Offsite Referrals

53 Staffing/Questions

54 Juvenile Services Department Cathy Burgos, LCSW, Clinical Director
Contact Information DISC Village, Inc. (Leon County) Miami-Dade County Juvenile Services Department Tom Olk, Chief Executive Officer 3333 West Pensacola Street Suite 300 Tallahassee, FL (850) Telephone (850) Fax Lisa Sherry, BSW Juvenile Services Coordinator 536 Appleyard Drive (850) Telephone (850) Fax Morris Copeland, CPM, Director 275 NW 2nd Street, 2nd Floor Miami, Florida (305) Telephone (305) Fax Cathy Burgos, LCSW, Clinical Director

55 The following materials are included on the Seminar CD
A copy of this power point presentation “Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime” paper DISC Village Adolescent Biopsychosocial Assessment DISC Village Parent/Guardian Questionnaire DISC Village Interpretive Summary form MHSF-III Screening Tool and Instructions DISC Village – Juvenile Assessment Center FY Q4/Year End Report DISC Village – Civil Citation Intervention Plan form DISC Village - Civil Citation Completion Requirements Tallahassee Police Department Executive Orders & Civil Citation form DISC Village Civil Citation Brochure Miami Dade Civil Citation Brochure Miami Dade LEO Instructions Package Miami Dade Civil Citation Monthly Referral Report (December 2010)

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