Presentation on theme: "Civil Citation: Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime"— Presentation transcript:
1 Civil Citation: Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime DISC Village, Inc.Miami-Dade Juvenile ServicesCivil Citation: Getting Smarton Juvenile Crime
2 What Is the Civil Citation Program? The Civil Citation Program, derived from Florida Statutes [Formerly ]. Implemented in April 1996, this program offers early intervention, counseling, education, and other appropriate community resources to divert appropriate juvenile misdemeanor offenders from the juvenile justice system. The Civil Citation Program works with other Community Partners in the effort to reduce juvenile crime, and to provide services for at-risk youth.We will discuss the programs administered by:DISC Village, Inc. in Leon CountyMiami-Dade Juvenile Services Department, Miami-Dade County
3 985.12, Florida Statute for Civil Citation Civil citation.– (1) There is established a juvenile civil citation process for the purpose of providing an efficient and innovative alternative to custody by the Department of Juvenile Justice of children who commit nonserious delinquent acts and to ensure swift and appropriate consequences. The civil citation program may be established at the local level with the concurrence of the chief judge of the circuit, state attorney, public defender, and the head of each local law enforcement agency involved. Under such a juvenile civil citation program, any law enforcement officer, upon making contact with a juvenile who admits having committed a misdemeanor, may issue a civil citation assessing not more than 50 community service hours, and may require participation in intervention services appropriate to identified needs of the juvenile, including family counseling, urinalysis monitoring, and substance abuse and mental health treatment services. A copy of each citation issued under this section shall be provided to the department, and the department shall enter appropriate information into the juvenile offender information system. (2) Upon issuing such citation, the law enforcement officer shall send a copy to the county sheriff, state attorney, the appropriate intake office of the department, the community service performance monitor designated by the department, the parent or guardian of the child, and the victim.
4 985.12, Florida Statute for Civil Citation (3) The child shall report to the community service performance monitor within 7 working days after the date of issuance of the citation. The work assignment shall be accomplished at a rate of not less than 5 hours per week. The monitor shall advise the intake office immediately upon reporting by the child to the monitor, that the child has in fact reported and the expected date upon which completion of the work assignment will be accomplished.(4) If the juvenile fails to report timely for a work assignment, complete a work assignment, or comply with assigned intervention services within the prescribed time, or if the juvenile commits a third or subsequent misdemeanor, the law enforcement officer shall issue a report alleging the child has committed a delinquent act, at which point a juvenile probation officer shall perform a preliminary determination as provided under s(5) At the time of issuance of the citation by the law enforcement officer, such officer shall advise the child that the child has the option to refuse the citation and to be referred to the intake office of the department. That option may be exercised at any time prior to completion of the work assignment.History.--s. 5, ch ; s. 1, ch ; s. 23, ch ; s. 45, ch ; s. 19, ch ; s. 19, ch Note.--Former s ; s
5 (j)(5), Florida Statute Juvenile Justice; Interstate Compact on Juveniles Part III: Custody & Intake; Intervention and Diversion(5) If the screening and assessment indicate that the interests of the child and the public will be best served thereby, the juvenile probation officer, with the approval of the state attorney, may refer the child for care, diagnostic, and evaluation services; substance abuse treatment services; mental health services; retardation services; a diversionary, arbitration, or mediation program; community service work; or other programs or treatment services voluntarily accepted by the child and the child's parents or legal guardian. Whenever a child volunteers to participate in any work program under this chapter or volunteers to work in a specified state, county, municipal, or community service organization supervised work program or to work for the victim, the child shall be considered an employee of the state for the purposes of liability. In determining the child's average weekly wage, unless otherwise determined by a specific funding program, all remuneration received from the employer is considered a gratuity, and the child is not entitled to any benefits otherwise payable under s , regardless of whether the child may be receiving wages and remuneration from other employment with another employer and regardless of the child's future wage-earning capacity.
6 Core Elements of a Successful Civil Citation Program Central data collection including 24-hour access to JJISParticipation and coordination with law enforcementComprehensive AssessmentCase Management Services
7 Core Elements of a Successful Civil Citation Program Integrated and Coordinated Systems of Care & Diversion OptionsSteering Committee consisting of Key PlayersService ProvidersState AttorneyPublic DefenderJudgesSchool SystemLaw Enforcement
8 Civil Citation Program Benefits Civil Citation Programs increase diversion.Keeps youth that pose no real threat to public safety out of the juvenile justice system.
9 Civil Citation Program Benefits Civil Citation Programs Save Time & MoneyCosts of Processing Youth; reducing time spent by law enforcement, state attorneys, public defenders, probation, court personnel, etc.Frees up resources to focus on more serious and violent offenders.
10 DISC VILLAGE, INC. (Leon County) Civil CitationDISC VILLAGE, INC.(Leon County)
11 How Does the Program Work? Leon County:How Does the Program Work?Any youth who commits a misdemeanor or violates a county or municipal ordinance and has no prior arrests or juvenile sanctions is eligible for the Civil Citation Program. The law enforcement officer contacts the Juvenile Assessment Center to determine if the youth has any prior charges. The JAC Technician checks the Juvenile Justice Information System (JJIS) and reports the information to the officer. If there is no prior history, a civil citation may be issued at the discretion of the law enforcement officer.The child and the parent/legal guardian must agree to participate in the program and abide by the rules of the supervision process and must contact the program within seven (7) days of citation issuance.The program sets an assessment appointment with the youth and parent/guardian to complete program admission and further explain the program requirements. The youth receives the appropriate sanctions and begins work with the program and is assigned services based on the offense.
12 Services Provided By Civil Citation in Leon County GAIN-Q (Replaces an internal Biopsychosocial Assessment)Treatment Recommendations & ReferralsCase Management ServicesChemical Education GroupsUrinalysis Testing
13 Crime Index – Leon County AffrayAlcoholic beverage possession by a minorAlcoholic beverage selling, giving or serving to minorAssaultBatteryCarrying a concealed weaponCriminal mischief* ($200-$1000 damage) if no restitution involved.Disturbing schools and religious assembliesFalse fire alarmFalse reportIndecent exposure – publicLoitering or prowlingPetit theftPossession of marijuana (Less than 20 grams)Possession of narcotic equipment
14 Crime Index Resisting without violence Resisting a merchant Trespass – property other than structure/conveyanceTrespass – structure or conveyance
20 Program SanctionsThe issuing officer will designate the number of community service hours to be completed, which will not exceed 50 hours. The Intervention Coordinator/Case Manager will determine where the juvenile will complete the hours and set a due date. The Law Enforcement Officer will also inform the client that additional sanctions and/or services may be assigned by the Civil Citation Program. The client must complete the hours and any additional sanctions/services to be considered successful.
22 Community Service Worksites American Red CrossTallahassee Parksand RecreationLeon CountyPublic LibraryVolunteer LeonTallahassee Museum of History & Natural ScienceRunway International Ministries/ProductionsGoodwill IndustriesUnited WayMothers AgainstDrunk DrivingHabitat for HumanityYMCASecond HarvestOf the Big BendLeMoyne Art FoundationJefferson CountyHumane SocietyChattahoocheeLeon County Divisionof OperationsVarious Recreation andCommunity CentersBrynwood Center (Nursing Home)Meals on WheelsSt. Thomas MooreHoward Middle School Boys & Girls ClubPalmer MonroeTeen CenterDick Howser Center
23 Program SanctionsYouth Education on Shoplifting (Y.E.S.) Program - a home study packetAnger Management - a home study packetUrinalysis - available throughout the entire program durationChemical Education Classes—a 3 week classOutpatient Counseling - ongoing servicesJail TourWrite a letter of apologyEssaysAssignment to various Community Services Work sites
24 Program SanctionsAll services are provided free of charge to the youth and their families. DISC Village, Inc. provides case management services while the youth is in the program. The law enforcement officer and the youth’s parent/guardian are notified in writing when the youth has completed the program.
25 Program SanctionsIt should also be noted that if the youth receives a ten-day suspension from their school due to a drug or alcohol related citation, the Civil Citation program will submit a letter to the school advising them of the youth’s participation in the program. The letter is a waiver from a ten-day suspension to a five-day suspension. However, the school does retain authority regarding the suspension and can enforce a full ten-day suspension.
26 Program BenefitsKeeps the youth out of the juvenile delinquency system and from incurring a juvenile record.Provides youth and family with a full assessment to address risks and needs.Provides for treatment needs and referrals.Provides services at no cost to client or family.Saves money by keeping the youth out of circuit court and state delinquency system.
27 Program SuccessSuccessful completion of the program is determined by the youth’s completion of the assigned community service hours as well as any other additional sanctions that are completed within the required time frames.Unsuccessful completion of the program is determined by the youth’s failure to complete their assigned community services hours and sanction or if they are charged with another crime while they are in the program.
28 Program Success It is the goal of the Civil Citation that a minimum of 85% of those who successfully complete the program will not re-offend for at least six months following program discharge. The following chart illustrates the success rate for the last eight years.
29 Satisfaction RatesYouth and their parents/guardians are given an initial satisfaction survey at the time of the assessment. They are also mailed a final satisfaction survey with a self-addressed stamped envelope.It is the goal of the Civil Citation program that at 75% or more of the families of the program participants that complete a satisfaction survey will report satisfaction with the program services. The following chart shows the level of overall satisfaction with the program over the last four years.
30 Leon County Program Staff DISC Village, Inc. employs 2 full-time staff persons for the Civil Citation program:1.0 FTE Civil Citation Coordinator/Case Manager1.0 FTE Case ManagerProgram cost is dependent on the size of the district, number of youth served and number of staff persons employed.
31 Top CopsDuring the quarterly JAC Steering Committee Meeting, the Civil Citation program recognizes the law enforcement officers from the Tallahassee Police Department and the Leon County Sheriff’s Office who issued the most citations.Each officer is given a certificate of appreciation and a gift certificate to a local restaurant.A plaque with the officer’s name is also displayed in the Civil Citation program office.
32 Miami-Dade Civil Citation Program Presented by:Morris Copeland, DirectorCathy Burgos, LCSW, Clinical Director
33 Civil Citation Program Represents Systemic change- Reforms the protocol on how police and the community address juvenile first-time and second time misdemeanor offenders.How it works- All children who have committed a minor first or second time misdemeanor offense will have the opportunity to participate without being arrested. Rather than issuing an arrest, police officers refer eligible children to JSD where they will receive an assessment and application of appropriate, targeted interventions without the baggage of an arrest.If not offered by the officer, JSD will provide the eligible child the opportunity to participate in Civil Citation when they arrive at the JAC.Law Enforcement Participation- First utilized in April 2007 with the Miami-Dade Public Schools Police and the Miami-Dade County Police Department. All 37 local arresting agencies have signed on to participate.
34 Benefits of Civil Citation Represents a true systemic prevention model- Allows troubled youth to attain complete and targeted treatment services outside of the systems that currently exist and without the shame of a criminal record.Protects personal information- Prevents entry of personal information into criminal databases which may be released even if the record is sealed or expunged.Addresses disproportionate minority contact- Over 95% of participants are minorities.Reduces Arrests- JSD predicts a 30% reduction in arrests with this initiativeCost Savings-Intake and Screening process time reduced by over 60%.Paperwork significantly reduced, resulting in savings of time and money.Court fees are eliminated because no court appearance is required.
35 Excluded Charges: Ineligible for Civil Citation Initiative: Any misdemeanor that involves the possession/use of a firearm.Any misdemeanor that involves exposure of sexual organ or other sexual related behavior (i.e. prostitution, lewd and lascivious behavior).Any misdemeanor that is directly related to (or part of) gang activity.
36 Off-Site Referral Flow Chart Officer apprehends a juvenile in the scene for a minor offense. Officer runs the juvenile history for eligibility in CJIS. If youth is eligible, then, Officer completesthe Arrest Affidavit, Release Agreement and Civil Citation form in lieu of the Arrest.All forms are signed. Youth is released in the field to either parent, legal guardian or responsible adult.Police Officer will then mail the original Arrest Affidavit and carbon copies of the Civil Citation form and Release Agreement for Referral Reduction Coordinator to prepare a recommendation package and assign case to a Case manager for services.
37 Law Enforcement Instructions When transporting an eligible Civil Citation juvenile to the JAC:If the Officer decides to transport the youth to the Juvenile Services Department’s JAC for positive identification and Civil Citation processing, the officer will sign the Civil Citation form, and complete all of the required forms and paperwork for booking a juvenile into the JAC.The officer will then bring the pink copy of the A-form to the SAO located at the JAC.
38 95% of Civil Citation participants are minorities
40 Comprehensive Assessment The Leon County and Miami-Dade County Civil Citation program utilize an assessment that addressed seven (7) domains:Family/Social SupportsSelf ConceptPeers/ActivitiesEducational/VocationalSubstance UsePsychological / Psychiatric HistoryPhysical Health HistoryThe Comprehensive Assessment focuses on identifying reasons for the problem behavior and the needs of the youth and their families, while maintaining a high degree of responsibility and accountability for youths’ actions.
41 Clinical Oversight:Clinical expertise is provided throughout intake, assessment and case-management services by Licensed and Masters Level Mental Health Professionals, allowing for clinically sound decisions throughout the processMental Health Professions provide case-consultation, file reviews, and on-going training in Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Case-management protocol Licensed clinicians provide 24/7 support to staff, including crisis intervention, assessment file review and recommendation of services
42 Clinical Protocol for the Young Offenders Process (YOP): The Young Offenders Process (YOP) goal is to implement a coordinated system of service delivery for young offenders that is sensitive to their unique developmental needs, is gender specific and that reduces their risk for re-offending.Evidence-based tools used:Early Assessment Risk List (EARL) items involving risk factors identified by research as influencing children’s propensity to engage in future antisocial behavior.The Behavioral Assessment System for Children 2nd edition (BASC) focuses on important areas of emotional, behavioral, and social functioning. There is a self-report, parent, and teacher version of the BASCSchool Guidance Counselor Summary provides important information on the child’s school functioning, critical for scoring items on the EARL.
43 Young Offenders Process The process is customized for children 12 and under-Implemented Special Protocols for children 12 and underWork with police to prevent arrests by offering services instead of arrestsProvide Age Appropriate, Gender-Specific, Evidence Based Assessments for children 12 and under to identify their specific needs and risks.Early age at first offense is one of the strongest predictors of re-offending2 to 3 times more likely to become serious, violent, and chronic offenders (Loeber, Farrington, & Petechuk, 2003).Work with the child, parent(s), and/or family to address the child’s individual needs.Prevent Arrests for Children
44 SNAP® (Stop Now And Plan) Many children are exhibiting angry, aggressive, and antisocial behaviors in schools, homes, and daycare centers at an increasingly young age.Worked with the Child Development Institute to provide young at-risk children the opportunity to develop specific skills and techniques to monitor and control their own behaviorSNAP® is a cognitive behavioral strategy developed at the Child Development Institute and is taught to children in groups that are an integral part of the multifaceted interventions.SNAP® helps kids to regulate their angry feelings and to think before they act. It helps them to avoid fighting, handle peer pressure, stop stealing and play fairly.SNAP® parenting helps parents to reduce the frequency and intensity of their children's behavior problems. It helps them to monitor, encourage, reward and punish contingently.
45 Clinical Protocol for 12 and over: This process includes research-based tools to determine the youth’s psychosocial and risk level needs. The assessment results are used to determine intensity of services, create treatment plans and provide appropriate case-management services.Evidence-based tools used in the process:Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN-Q) is an interview based tool organized to explore the following sections: General Factors, Source of Stress, Physical Health, Emotional Health, Behavioral Health, Substance Related Issues.Youth Level of Services/Case-Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) produces a detailed survey of the risk and need factors of the youth and provides a relationship between these factors and the development of a treatment plan. Areas explored: behavior, education, peer relations, substance use, family, attitudes/ orientation.
46 Developing the Service Constellation After completing the GAIN-Q and the YLS/CMI a JSD case manager accesses the service constellation.The service constellation is a detailed matrix developed by national researchers which combines the results of the assessment tools and recommends the appropriate level of supervision and monitoring.
47 Results – YOP : January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2010
48 Results – YOP: January 1, 2007 – December 31, 2010 Total of 504 YOP children assessedAssessment Results are determined by the EARL B and G, with data gathered from all YOP tools
49 Results – Clinical Protocol (ages 12 and over) April 16, 2007 – December 31, 2010 Top 5 ChargesPetty TheftSimple BatteryPossession of MarijuanaRetail theftTrespassingTotal of 6,005 children assessed
50 Results – Clinical Protocol (ages 12 and over) April 16, 2007 – December 31, 2010Risk Classifications
51 JSD Referral Agencies JSD refers juveniles to over 50 agencies Kristi HouseConcerned African Women (FEP)Center For Family Studies Adolescent Substance Abuse and Co-OccurringHere’s Help (North)AYUDA INC (FEP) HialeahICFH- Functional Family Therapy (Institute for Child and Family Health)Here’s Help (South)The Children’s Bereavement CenterICFH- Intensive Individual Therapy (CIX) (Institute for Child and Family Health)The Village Life ProgramCommunity Action Agency (CAA FACE)ICFH- FEP / Sunset Unit (Institute for Child and Family Health)Regis House ( South)Family Partnership for Our Girls FutureSouth Miami Hospital / Addiction Treatment ProgramCitrus Health NetworkJewish Community ServicesDade Family Counseling ( Little Havana Office)Psych-SolutionsWork America Inc ( FACE)ICFH-FEP / Hialeah (Institute for Child and Family Health)Informed FamiliesChildren’s Substance Abuse ProvidersNew Horizons Community Mental Health CenterChrysalis CenterCenter for Family and Child EnrichmentNew Horizons Community Mental Health Center (FACE Program)EPIPCommunity Health of South Dade (CHI)Sweet VineDade Family Counseling ( North Office)Jackson North Community Mental Health CenterGirl PowerDade Family Counseling (Central Office)Dominican American National Foundation ( FEP)Young Parents ProjectDade Family Counseling (Hialeah Office)ICFH-SNAP (Institute for Child and Family Health)ADGAM ( FEP)ICFH-Emancipation ProgramInstitute for family Centered Services ( Central Office)Jobs for MiamiMiami Behavioral Health CenterInstitute for family Centered Services ( North Office)Switchboard of MiamiThe Village (Residential Treatment)Institute for family Centered Services ( South Office)Youth Co-OpThe Alliance for GLBT YouthICFH -Gang Exit Strategies Program (GUESS)Teen CourtSocial Rehab Group/ CFCEProfessional Health Network (3 Locations)AYUDA INC (FEP) SouthNew Era Health Center Inc.AYUDA INC (FEP) NorthRegis House FEP ( North)JSD refers juveniles to over 50 agencies
52 Civil Citation Initiative RESULTSOver 8,300 participants since April 2007Reduced Arrests 20%95% of participants are minorities82% Successful Completion Rate9% Recidivism (FY08-09)25% Offsite Referrals
55 The following materials are included on the Seminar CD A copy of this power point presentation“Getting Smart on Juvenile Crime” paperDISC Village Adolescent Biopsychosocial AssessmentDISC Village Parent/Guardian QuestionnaireDISC Village Interpretive Summary formMHSF-III Screening Tool and InstructionsDISC Village – Juvenile Assessment Center FY Q4/Year End ReportDISC Village – Civil Citation Intervention Plan formDISC Village - Civil Citation Completion RequirementsTallahassee Police Department Executive Orders & Civil Citation formDISC Village Civil Citation BrochureMiami Dade Civil Citation BrochureMiami Dade LEO Instructions PackageMiami Dade Civil Citation Monthly Referral Report (December 2010)