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Intercultural Communication Culture => Greece. The Group Eva: Introduction; Stereotypes & Generalisation; Proximity Tara: Power Distance; Being Orientation;

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Presentation on theme: "Intercultural Communication Culture => Greece. The Group Eva: Introduction; Stereotypes & Generalisation; Proximity Tara: Power Distance; Being Orientation;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Intercultural Communication Culture => Greece

2 The Group Eva: Introduction; Stereotypes & Generalisation; Proximity Tara: Power Distance; Being Orientation; Individualism & Collectivism Zara: Ethnocentricity; Mindfulness; Body Language Lisa: Greek Culture; Perception; Cultural Definitions Siobhán: Low, High contrast; Polychronic vs Monochronic; Intercultural Sensitivity

3 Introduction => Facts about Greece Flag: The National Flag of Greece consists of four white & five blue stripes, with a white cross. Blue & White are the national colours of Greece Official Name: Hellenic Republic Capital: Athens Population: Over 10.5 million Languages: Greek, English, French Religions: Greek Orthodox & Muslim Government: Parliamentary Republic Currency: uro

4 Stereotypes & Generalisation Negative Stereotypes & Generalisations: Greeks are loud & like to show off their manhood by opening their shirt & wearing jewels on their chest, having a moustache etc. Greek women only have a life when they marry Greeks are too patriotic & they think Greece is the centre of the world They live in tacky houses full of pillars They think Greeks invented everything - known to say You know, Ancient Greeks invented that! They think all words of all languages derive from Greek Hate Turkish people They like to throw plates and scream OPAAAHHHHH

5 Positive Stereotypes & Generalisations: They are easy going They know how to enjoy life and party They are warm and smiling They have great food and music Family orientated Similar to Ireland in all of these qualities *Some of these may be true, but Greeks are generally warm, happy and joyful people

6 Proximity *Nearness in space, time, or relationship Family Values Family is a huge part of Greek Culture Families offer both financial and emotional support As well as immediate family, the extended family is expected to help relatives in times of need Family relationships carry over into the business & Nepotism is accepted If there is a wrongdoing of one family member it brings dishonour to the entire family

7 Relationships Relationships are the main part of business dealings Greeks prefer to do business with those they know & trust They have a circle of family & friends to call upon for business assistance Nepotism is not viewed negatively Greeks prefer face-to-face meetings rather than doing business by telephone or in writing It takes time to develop relationships Under no circumstances should you publicly question someone's statements Greeks do not like people who are pretentious or standoffish

8 Power Distance *Defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally Greece believes that hierarchy should be respected & inequalities amongst people are acceptable This means that those in power have more benefits that the less powerful It is very important that the young show respect for the elderly & also that children help to look after the older generations If you are in charge of a company then this is your main responsibility

9 Individualism versus Collectivism *This is how much people depend upon each other within society Greece is a collectivist culture, we not I All people are integrated into the group In the work place all family members should help each other to get a job In the west we would call this nepotism but in Greece this is just how things work The stereotype of a 'good person' in collectivist cultures is trustworthy, honest, and generous, all characteristics that are helpful to people working in groups In contrast, a 'good person' in individualist cultures is more assertive and strong, characteristics helpful for competing against each other

10 Ethnocentricity Greeks can be ethnocentric It is known that most Greek men will brag about being Greek Patriotism plays a huge part in why Greek people are Ethnocentric It is said to start from a school age The perception of Greek people about themselves is that they think highly of their culture and their opinions on this do not change Greeks are renowned internationally, particularly in Europe and neighbouring countries like Turkey, for being ethnocentric and in particular very patriotic and nationalistic

11 Although this is a perception, you cannot label all Greek people with being like this Every culture has its own tendencies to judge others by their cultural standards The majority of Greek people tend to embrace a strong patriotic cultural life but they may also have a good understanding & appreciation for the differences in other cultures

12 Mindfulness *In Ancient Greece you had a Democracy and great open- minded philosophers like Socrates and Plato. Greek people are known for being hospitable & generous to visitors It is common in Greece to be invited into a locals home & to be offered a meal Greece is a religious country where religion dominates the everyday life of Greek people Greek people do not typically celebrate their birthday; however it is becoming more popular for the birthday person to pay for a treat for his guests Greek people tend to be superstitious & Tuesday is considered an unlucky day for them The evil eye is a big part of their culture but it is not considered a good thing to praise someone too highly because if bad luck may struck them, they may blame you

13 Body Language There are some differences in Greek culture where the meaning of different body language may vary. For example: Projecting your hand with your fingers open is considered very rude Looking away when talking to someone is considered very rude By moving the head downwards, Greeks mean Yes By moving the head upwards, Greeks mean No By twisting the hand right and left, with fingers open, but without projecting the hand, means so and so People never kiss when meeting for the first time

14 When people already know each other, they may kiss twice on the cheeks, to say hi or bye Shaking hands is a more formal way of greeting. A Greek will be pointing using the thumb when want to say good job.

15 Greek Culture Greeces culture is influenced by its location, which is between the East & the West The Greeks are very proud of their country & their culture, and express their desire of the country through their traditions, religion, music, language, food & wines Greece traditions are usually spiritual – Most are still followed & celebrated today These are usually religious celebrations of the saints followed by traditional dance & music in the villages The Greeks believe in religion & also in the supernatural - This influences many visitors to come and visit Greece They think it is bad luck to see a black car Greece is most famous for its products & the taste of its food & wines They have a widely range of outstanding main dishes & meat is their preferred ingredient

16 High Contrast – Low Contrast Greece is a high context culture Many things are left unsaid letting the culture itself explain Words and word choices are very important since few words can communicate a complex message effectively It is their behaviour that decides the context of a conversation Importance is laid on the emotional position Greek humour is very appropriate, it may not be considered funny to someone from another country Sometimes it is said that Greek humour may be perceived as rude and sometimes even vulgar since mocking or satirical jokes are common

17 Funny to the Greeks?

18 Polychronic vs Monochronic Greece is polychronic culture They prefer to do many things at once They can be easily distracted and subject to many interruptions Plans are easily changed quite often In a culture like this, punctuality is not too important and it is considered acceptable to interrupt someone who is busy which in others Cultures can be seen as very rude and disrespectful

19 Intercultural Sensitivity Learning the culture of another country is important Ignorance to another culture, especially if you are visiting it, could be taken as an insult to the people living there It is a good idea to try and learn some of their Greek language even though many business people speak basic English To Greek people, it is considered a big compliment if you attempt to use the Greek language

20 As Greek people are very sociable, it is advised that you use every opportunity to socialise with any Greek people that you may meet Personal relationships with colleagues are highly valued in Greece While Greek people are very open and respectful, you should know that you should not be offended or surprised if your Greek colleague enters your personal space

21 Thank you for listening Any Questions?

22 For your entertainment…A mix of Irish & Greek Culture

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