Presentation on theme: "The Bridge Effect The Bridge Effect"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Bridge Effect The Bridge Effect Understanding the Effects of the PhysicalLinking of Small Islands to MainlandsGodfrey BaldacchinoCanada Research Chair (Island Studies)University of Prince Edward Island, Canada
3 Bridge to Valentia –by Donald Murray There are some who have swapped their birthrightfor a stretch of tar.A bridge that will allow their carsto link with roadsthat lace mainlanders togetherpermitting islands to becomelike a landlocked place.Surrendering their separatenessto loop with these larger shoresbecoming both partand prisoners of the whole.Bridge to Valentia –by Donald Murray
4 When is an island not an island? When the European Union decides it is not.An island is not an island if it has fewer than 50 permanent residents, is attached to the mainland by a rigid structure, is less than 1km from the mainland, or is home to the capital of an EU state.The Guardian (UK), 21 January 2003, page 5
6 Confederation Bridge: Federal Promise Fulfilled or Rupture with Identity?
7 An Inexorable March? PEI gets connected to the world: 1813-Postal Service1852-Telegraph Cable1876-Public Ferry Service1910-Telephone Cable1941-Regular Air Carrier1990-Cell Phone Service1993-Internet Access1997- Fixed Link Access?
8 Aldabra Atoll – World Heritage Site Aldabra Atoll – No Permanent Human Population – Restricted AccessAldabra Atoll – World Heritage Site
12 Who Benefits, Who Loses? Short-term versus Long-Term Traders, Tourists, Consumers, Seasonal Residents, Mass Tourism Operators, Fixed Link Maintenance Firms & Crews - GainEndemic Species, Local Practices, Local Producers, Ferry Operators & Workers, Local Shopkeepers, Local Home Buyers – LoseShort-term versus Long-Term
13 Bridges Save Communities? Irish Islands – after Royle & Scott 1996
14 Fixed Links: Bring More Tourists from Closer Locations, Less Visitor Nights? (Distance Decay) Tourist Visitors to Atlantic Canada: NS=Yellow; NB=Pink; PEI=Blue
15 Conclusion .. of sorts All islands are ‘linked’. Isolating Bridge Effect is best with an experimental versus control group strategyIF Island is too small; and IF Mainland Flow to Island is too big: Gentrification is likely with fixed link.Change will depend on access costs, opportunity costs (money & time) and cultural gap/lag.