Presentation on theme: "Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 SCHML Hania Salter-Dvorak 4 th May, 2006 Doing Academic Writing in a second language – challenges faced by international students."— Presentation transcript:
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 SCHML Hania Salter-Dvorak 4 th May, 2006 Doing Academic Writing in a second language – challenges faced by international students and support offered by EAP modules
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Overview Challenges faced by international students writing in a second language EAP credit bearing modules Contextualised action research & scholarly activity Evaluation of OPS innovation Formative evaluation: Nominal Group Technique Understanding plagiarism in AW: inductions and open lectures
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Challenges faced by international students writing in a second language Meta-cognitive How does writing improve? Epistemological What is the writers stance in the essay? Cultural What cultural assumptions are made about AW? Discourse How do academic texts unfold? Pragmatic What effect do I want to achieve? Methodological How do I go about researching an essay? Linguistic What language is appropriate/correct for my various contexts?
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 EAP modules at Westminster U/G one year credit bearing modules Placement testing for 3 levels 500 students from 40 countries 50% coursework; 50% exam P/G one semester support modules Testing for need 120 students from 24 countries Graduate one semester credit bearing modules discourse specific for Media & Communication
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 What are the challenges for EAP course designers & lecturers? 1.Contact hours – cut from 3 to 2 2.Numbers – testing & placing 3. Diversity L1 educational culture academic discipline 4. formal surface elements v discourse structure Hyland, 1998:3 5. Academic attribution
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Some solutions Hours – online learning programme Numbers – registration; surgery Diversity – topics of general relevance Language v Discourse – Draft 1 & 2 model Academic attribution – lecture on plagiarism in music, film & AW
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Creating a research culture through action research Framework agreement 2005 Cultural shift from casualised worker to university lecturer Supporting Scholarly Activity Evaluation of innovation as a vehicle for developing scholarly activity 2004-5 Funded by CPD
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 The Oral Presentation Sandwich Rationale for innovation – Evidence Based Practice (Perrin,2002) Mixed methods design – whole EAP team involved Ongoing discussions at team level (Stenhouse, 1975)
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Mixed methods design Case studies of students Questionnaire for students Group discussion with students Telephone interviews with lecturers Team meetings with lecturers Observers perspective
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Outcomes of OPS evaluation collectively heuristic experience ownership of modules (Kiely & Rea-Dickins, 2004) adjustments made to OPS model sharing findings through CPD workshops bridge created for scholarly activity staff self select topics for scholarly activity 2005- 6 Re-assessment student evaluation model
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Formative course evaluation Challenges posed by student diversity How can we deal with multiple constructions of learners within constraints created by budget? Learners need to be allowed to raise concerns, issues (Guba & Lincoln,1989) Nominal Group Technique (Kiely, 2001)
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Understanding plagiarism in AW Cross Cultural differences – AW reflects and perpetuates philosohical and epistemological traditions (Connor,2000) Post modernist culture has led to a lack of respect for authorship Internet – old laws of copyright no longer cover exchanges of information on electronic networks. Essays for sale.com (Salter-Dvorak, 2005)
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Using our learners cultural resources to create a schema for understanding plagiarism in AW What is Plagiarism in music? And in film? And in AW? Hommage & quotation
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Quotation in music, film & AW What are the rules for quoting in each medium? Which one is the most strict? Direct and indirect quotation in AW What is the role of sources in AW?
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 Role of EAP in British H.E. Fixing skills deficit or paving ways for multicultural community? Providing insights into international students experiences in our universities Working to develop/explore academic literacy across institutions Investigating communication in academic settings
Hania Salter-Dvorak 2006 References Connor, U. 1996 Contrastive Rhetoric. Cambridge: CUP Guba, E. & Y.Lincoln. 1989 Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park: Sage Hyland, K. 2002 Teaching and Researching Writing. London: Pearson Kiely, R. 2001 Classroom evaluation – values, interests and teacher development in Language Teaching Research Vol 5 No 3 pp 241-261. Kiely, R. & P. Rea-Dickins 2005 Program Evaluation in Language Education. Palgrave Macmillan. Perrin, B. How to – and How not to – Evaluate Innovation. Evaluation. Volume 8, Number 1 (January 1, 2002), pp 13-28 Salter-Dvorak, H. Plagiarism explained through copyright and intertextuality in music and film, In IATEFL 2004 Liverpool Conference Selections. Edited by Pulverness, A. 2004, IATEFL, Kent. Stake, R. E. 1995 The Art of Case Study Research. London: Sage Stenhouse, L. 1975 An introduction to Curriculum Research and Development. London: Heineman.