Presentation on theme: "Fire Emergency Plan Lesson on Fire Emergency Plan."— Presentation transcript:
1Fire Emergency PlanLesson on Fire Emergency Plan.
2INTRODUCTION Fire Emergency Plan or FEP Fire Emergency – A Fire situation – involved risk of human lives.Proper planning – allows situation to be systematically managed and controlled.FEP - reference for key holders such as Building Management, Fire Safety Committee and SCDF.Fire Emergency Plan or in short term is called FEP. It is a plan that direct the appropriate action to be done in time of fire emergency.Fire emergency is a fire situation involves risk to human lives. Situation can escalate till it can be uncontrollable.So it is important to be ready to face this unforeseen circumtances and come out with a proper plan.Fire Emergency Plan is most useful to key holders such as building management, fire safety committee and SCDF.
3Learning Objectives Explain the requirements of FEP List the important of FEPExplain the fundamental requirements for the formation of a Fire Safety CommitteeList the duties and responsibilities of the Fire Safety Committee
4SCOPE Introduction Fire Emergency Plan (FEP) Guidelines for FEP (video)Fire Safety CommitteeDuties and Responsibilities (FSC)Conclusion
6A plan which contains info on types of fire safety measures that are provided for in designated premises & includes floor layout plans & evacuation proceduresA Fire Emergency Plan is a plan which contains information on various safety measures in the event of a fire for a particular premises and includes floor layout plans and evacuation procedures. A FEP will assist to prepare the occupants for any emergency so that their evacuation or movements within or out of a building can be accomplished in a safe, rapid and orderly manner.
7Section 21 of the Fire Safety Act owner of a designated building is required to put up a Fire Emergency Plan.Under Section 21 of the Fire Safety Act, the owner of a designated building is required to put up a Fire Emergency Plan. The Fire Emergency Plan is a step-by-step evacuation procedure for the occupants of the building to follow. It will ensure the safety of human lives in the event of fire and bomb threats by establishing a systematic and orderly evacuation plan, prompt raising of the fire alarm and marshalling of first aid and fire fighting effort.
8Requirements of a Fire Emergency Plan RESTRICTEDPrepare in accordance with guidelinesForm a Fire Safety Committee to assist to plan, organize & conduct fire safety programReview annually or as and when required by CommissionerFEP kept at FCC (Fire Command Centre) or other place easily available1-34RESTRICTED
9Why organize for fire emergencies ? RESTRICTEDDangerous operational practicesCombustible & smoke producing materialsIndecisive, delay & lack of responsibilitiesWhy organise for fire emergencies? Although every building is constructed and designed to meet certain minimum standard of fire safety, a fire emergency plan is needed for the following reasons :-Dangerous operational practice - eg. wedged open fire doors, obstructed means of egress, locked exit doors, etc. This practices are normally caused by human. Irresponsible people after opening the fire door do not close it which allow fire and smoke to spread in the event of f ire. Occupants in the building due to shortage of storage area in their premises, placed their goods along escape routes causing obstruction. Occupants locked the exit doors due to security reasons and do not know the consequence.-Combustible and smoke producing - Nowaday, there are many combustible materials such as plastic chairs, tables, papers found in commercial and office buildings. This kind of materials causes rapid spread of fire and also produces smoke and highly toxic gases.-Indecisive, delay and unawareness of responsibilities in case of fire. Occupants tends to push responsibilities to one another. As a result, it cause a delay and allow the fire hazard to remain and no action taken to remove fire hazards.1-33RESTRICTED
10Purpose of FEP Safeguard of human lives in event of fire Establish a systematic & orderly evacuation planEnsure prompt raising of the fire alarm & marshalling of first aid fire fighting efforts in event of fire
11Fire Emergency Plan needed to RESTRICTEDFire Emergency Plan needed toavoid panicevacuate safely and orderlytackle incipient fires with first aid fire-fighting equipmentprovide good information and assistance to firefighterseffect timely protection of machineries and propertyIn the event of a fire in the building, the situation will be very chaotic and everyone will be trying to escape out from the building. As such, a fire emergency plan is needed to :-avoid panic-evacuate safety and orderly-tackle incipient fires with first aid fire-fighting equipment such as fire extinguishers, hosereel, etc. but do not put yourself at risk.-provide good information and assistance to firefighters. The layout plan of the building, type of storages and contact numbers of key officers can be found in the Fire Emergency Plan. This will allow fire fighters to have a better appreciation of the situation and they will be able to put out the fire more effectively.-effect timely protection of machineries and property1-34RESTRICTED
14Fire Safety Committee Coordinator/Asst Fire Warden/Asst Chief Security/AsstTelephone OperatorFire Fighting TeamsPerson responsible for isolation of fire alarmPerson receiving floor evac status at FCCThe complexity of a Fire Emergency Plan is dependent upon the size of a property, the special problems related to its occupancy, the building height and the number of building occupants.The responsibility for forming and maintaining such a committee is that of the owner or his designated official.
15Action to be taken in the event of fire Coordinator/AsstProceed to FCCMobilize FFTIsolate alarm bellPrepare text messagePrepare to evacuate as specified in FEPFW (fire floor) investigate cause of alarm & report statusStandby to receive status from FW/FFT
16Action to be taken in the event of fire Chief Security Officer/AsstDeploy GuardsAt ground floor staircase exit, main entrance & exitPatrollingDirect SCDF to FCCDirect trafficMonitor status at AA & report to FCC
17FIRE FIGHTING TEAM On hearing 1st stage alarm Action to be taken in the event of fireFIRE FIGHTING TEAM On hearing 1st stage alarmAscertain location of fireUse Fire Lift to 2 floors below fire floorBring lift to ground floor & wait for SCDFExtinguish fire
18TELEPHONE OPERATOR On hearing 1st stage alarm Action to be taken in the event of fireTELEPHONE OPERATOR On hearing 1st stage alarmNotify SCDFProceed FCC to man PA system995 !
19Duties & Responsibilities of Fire Safety Committee
20Duties & Responsibilities Coordinator / Assistant Represent managementEstablish Fire Safety CommitteePrepare FEPAppoint one person as Coordinator during his absenceTrain FFTPolicing of fire hazardsProper maintenance of fire fighting equipmentConduct training and public educationRecords date & time of drill conducted
21FIRE EVACUATION DRILL REPORT I, the undersigned, designated as Unit Security Officer of the Fire Evacuation Drillhereby certify that the Fire Evacuation Drill was successfully conducted in full compliance with the approved Fire Emergency Plan.Premise :Date of Drill :Time :No. of Participants :Evacuation Time :(i.e. time of activation to time of total evacuation)Remarks:____(Name & Signature of USO ) Date
22Duties & Responsibilities FIRE WARDEN/ASST Acquaint new employee with FEPFamiliar with FEP & means of escapeFamiliar with fire alarm & use of first aid fire fighting equipmentMaintain & update floor register
23Duties & Responsibilities CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER/ASST Familiar with FEP & means of escapeSecurity personnel are well versed
24Duties & Responsibilities TELEPHONE OPERATOR/ASST Conversant with FEP & tel no. of SCDF and key personnelFamiliar with messages & various phases of evacuation
25PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR ISOLATION OF FIRE ALARM Duties & ResponsibilitiesConversant with FEP, location & operation of fire alarm system
26PERSON RECEIVING FLOOR EVAC STATUS AT FCC Duties & ResponsibilitiesPERSON RECEIVING FLOOR EVAC STATUS AT FCCFamiliar with FEPFamiliar with location of AA
27CONCLUSIONThe formulation of fire emergency plan is important to ensure that all staff and occupants are ready to react effectively to a fire situation