Presentation on theme: "Life in the Industrial Age 1800-1914 Ms. Ramos. The Industrial Revolution Spreads Ms. Ramos."— Presentation transcript:
Life in the Industrial Age Ms. Ramos
The Industrial Revolution Spreads Ms. Ramos
Factors that led others to industrialize Natural resources Use ideas & tech of U.K. Ms. Ramos
Source: Prentice Hall Ms. Ramos
Effects of industrialization Rapid urbanization Long hours & dangerous conditions Many new goods at lower prices Politics Global trade competition Ms. Ramos
Technology Steele production- Henry Bessemer Dynamite- Alfred Nobel Dynamo- Michael Faraday Elec. Light bulb- Thomas Edison Ms. Ramos
New Production Interchangeable parts Assembly line Ms. Ramos
Transport & Communication Automobile Airplane Telegraph Telephone Radio Ms. Ramos
Business Corporations Monopolies & trusts Cartel Captains of industry v. Robber barons Ms. Ramos
The Rise of the Cities Ms. Ramos
Medicine adds to pop. Germ theory- Louis Pasteur Tuberculosis- Robert Koch Anesthisia Sanitation & nursing-Florence Nightingale Antiseptic- Joseph Lister Ms. Ramos
City Life Changes Urban renewal Paved lit streets Sewers Skyscrapers Entertainment Slums persisted High crime rates Ms. Ramos
Working Class Advances Mutual-aid societies Men gain suffrage Union action Gov pass working regulations Higher standard of living Ms. Ramos
Life in Industrial Age Expanded Discussion Points From Class
As the Industrial Age progressed in the late 1800s, one technology changed industry and daily life more than any other-electricity. Scientists interested in electricity for centuries –Ben Franklin, 1700s –Michael Faraday discovered magnetism, electricity connection 1831 –Dynamo powered electric motor Swan developed primitive lightbulb, 1860 Early Attempts First usable, practical lightbulb invented 1879 Edisons lightbulb came through trial and error and many hours of work in lab Other inventions: –Generators –Motors –Light sockets –Electric power plant Edisons Light bulb Electric Power
Effects on Industry and Daily Life Electric power transformed industry in Europe and the United States Improved industry in 3 significant ways Factories no longer had to rely on steam engines Factories did not have to depend on waterways to power steam engines Factories became less dependent on sunlight, increased production Improved daily life Cheaper, more convenient light source than gas, oil Other electrical devices soon created
Analyze How did electricity change industry and daily life?
Analyze How did electricity change industry and daily life? Answer(s): Factories no longer needed steam engines or water sources to power them; production increased; people could light their homes and businesses more safely and effectively with electric lighting.
Bessemer process, forcing air through molten metal to burn out impurities, strengthen steel Factories increased production of locomotives, tracks Stronger steel used to build bridges 30,000 mile network of railroads linking major American cities, 1860 New railroads helped grow cities in American West Improvements in Steel Boats on canals, rivers best for long-distance travel, in early 1800s With development of efficient steam engines, trains replace boats Trains could carry heavy loads, traveled faster than watercraft Worlds first rail line, Britain ,000 miles of railroads, Eastern U.S Steam Powered Trains Advances in Transportation
Rail technology around the world Indias first train, 1851 First African railroad, Egypt 1852 Trans-Siberian Railroad in Russia, worlds longest, 1891 Food products Perishable foods could get to market before spoiling Frozen beef shipped by rail from west to east Shoppers had more food choices Travel and trade Expansion of railroads increased markets Trains moved huge loads efficiently, transportation costs declined New products became available Advances in Transportation
Steamships Steamships changed ocean travel Not dependent on wind, could travel through any weather U.S. steamship service began, west around South America to east, 1849 Long distance movement of goods economically viable by 1870 Passenger travel began shortly thereafter First attempts, Europe Daimler and Benz developed practical automobiles Early U.S. autos too expensive Henry Ford built first affordable cars, mass production, 1908 More roads than rail lines, 1915 The Automobile Wilbur and Orville Wright flew first sustained powered flight, 1903 Developed airplane over four years Glider-powered with internal combustion engine Paved the way for commercial, military airplanes The Airplane Advances in Transportation
Identifying Cause and Effect What effect did advances in transportation have on daily life?
Identifying Cause and Effect What effect did advances in transportation have on daily life? Answer(s): better and faster means of transportation; made it possible to get more goods to market at lower costs, increasing consumers' choices
Early 1800s Communication Much slower than today Boat, messenger on foot, horseback or carriage Entrepreneurs, inventors searched for faster ways What hath God wrought? First telegraph message from Morse, 1844 Telegraph wires between Washington D.C., Baltimore New era in communication The Telegraph Telegraph invented, 1837 Samuel Morse also invented a language for those messages Messages transmitted as electrical pulses Growth of Telegraph Much of country linked by 1861 Telegraph cable to Europe, 1866; to India, 1870 Globalized personal and business communication Advances in Communication
The Telephone Alexander Graham Bell tried to create way to send multiple telegraph messages at same time Invented telephone 1876 Demand for telephones Increased during 1880s Thousands of miles of phone lines laid across U.S. Almost 1.5 million phones installed by 1900 Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you. Bell sent message to assistant from one room to another Watson heard message through receiver Advances in Communication
The Radio and Phonograph Telephone technology limited by length of wires New wireless technology Guglielmo Marconi built wireless telegraph, 1895 Radio first used as communication device for ships Later used for entertainment and news Sound recording technology Thomas Edison invented phonograph Music became available to everyone
Contrast How did the telegraph differ from the telephone?
Contrast How did the telegraph differ from the telephone? Answer(s): telegraph transmitted coded messages; telephone transmitted voice