Presentation on theme: "The Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1The Industrial Revolution 5-3.1 The Industrial Revolution happened because of new inventions and technologies.Mrs. Jolliff
2Essential QuestionsHow was the Industrial Revolution furthered by new inventions and technology?Who were the prominent inventors and scientists?
3Industrial Revolution A time period of new inventions and technologies.
4The United States Grows The fundamental change was from an economy based on agriculture and trade to one increasingly based on the production of manufactured goods.
5One word to describe the last half of the 1800’s would be “change”. The West had been settled.Native Americans were forced onto reservations.The days of the cowboy had come and gone.Millions had crowded into growing cities.
6The second half of the 1800’s was a time of invention in America. Alexander Graham BellTelephoneJoseph GliddenBarbed wireChristopher SholesTypewriter
7How did transportation change during the Industrial Revolution?
8The nation’s new transportation system provided by the transcontinental railroad shipped raw materials to cities where manufacturers changed the raw materials into consumer products and then shipped those products to people throughout the country.
9Inventions Change the US The US becomes known as the “Invention Capital of the World”.Inventors like Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, and the Wright Brothers moved our country forward.These inventions made peoples’ lives easier.New businesses and jobs were created.
10InventionsThe telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse. It helped the railroads communicate, stay on schedule and prevent accidents.The telegraph put an end to the Pony Express.The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell and improved communication. It put an end to the telegraph.
11New Ways to Communicate Alexander Graham BellSamuel Morse
12Alexander Graham BellAlexander moved to Boston, Mass. as a teacher to the deaf.He is best known as the inventor of the telephone.
13New JobsThe invention of the telephone later provided new jobs like telephone operators, a job most often performed by women.
14Telegraph vs. Telephone Businesses would be able to communicate by telephone quicker and easier.The telephone was easier to use because it did not require people to learn a new system of communication such as the Morse code.
15Thomas Edison A practical light bulb was developed by Thomas Edison. He also created the world's first industrial research laboratory. He held over 1,000 patents for inventions. A patent is a documentation that proves an invention is your idea.
16Menlo ParkThomas Edison was not only an inventor but also an entrepreneur who began a laboratory at Menlo Park, New Jersey.
17Improved Light BulbIt promoted economic growth because it made it possible to light factories, so people could work after dark. It made homes safer because people were using kerosene lamps for light.
19Changes in LightingNo longer were nights lit only by candles and gaslights. Electric light bulbs had turned darkness into light!
20Power StationEdison also developed an entire electrical system to provided the power to light office buildings and started a company to provide electricity to the city.
21Electricity for Cities The light bulb made the use of electricity popular. Electric lines were strung in cities and towns.
22Electricity provided a new way of powering the manufacturing plants Electricity provided a new way of powering the manufacturing plants. Before they had been powered by water power from rivers.
23Lives ChangedMany cities built power stations and soon many businesses used the electric light. This changed the work habits of many Americans who could now work longer hours. Eventually homes were also lit by electricity.
24Transportation Changed Electricity also contributed to the growth of transportation. Electric powered streetcars made it possible for people to move to the outskirts of town to live and commute to work.
25Labor Saving DevicesThe availability of electricity also led to the invention of many labor saving devices for the home that were run by electricity, such as the washing machine and the vacuum cleaner. These inventions made life easier.Hoover Vacuum Cleaner 1906
26Other InventionsThe invention of the sewing machine and the typewriter also provided new job opportunities in clothing factories and offices.
27The Wright BrothersIn 1903 the Wright Brothers flew an airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
29Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein was a scientist who made contributions to the world of science and to the rise of the US as a world power. He helped the US develop an atomic bomb.
30Henry Ford built the first inexpensive, reliable car Henry Ford built the first inexpensive, reliable car. He used the assembly line. This allowed cars to be built quickly and cheaply.In 1908 Ford introduced the Model T. By 1924 the car cost only $290.00!Henry Ford
33Which invention most changed the way that factories operated in the late 19th century? AirplaneAutomobileLight bulbtelephoneB
34How did new methods of mass production contribute to the Industrial Revolution? By increasing products made by artisansBy creating products more quickly and cheaplyBy making products that were more expensiveBy allowing products to me made more slowly and carefullyB
35How did Orville and Wilbur Wright contribute to the rise of the US as a world power? By developing a major corporation around the telephoneBy creating an electrical system to make light bulbs practicalBy improving the assembly line of mass productionBy starting the aircraft industry with their experiments in manned flight.