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Norad REDD Civil Society Coordination Seminar, CIFOR-Bogor, 20-21 May 2010 Addressing the challenges of scaling-up REDD-plus activities in Indonesia Dr.

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Presentation on theme: "Norad REDD Civil Society Coordination Seminar, CIFOR-Bogor, 20-21 May 2010 Addressing the challenges of scaling-up REDD-plus activities in Indonesia Dr."— Presentation transcript:

1 Norad REDD Civil Society Coordination Seminar, CIFOR-Bogor, May 2010 Addressing the challenges of scaling-up REDD-plus activities in Indonesia Dr. D. Andrew Wardell and Taufiq Alimi Clinton Climate Initiative, S.E. Asia/Indonesia

2 (National/sub-national contexts) 5-stage/10-step carbon development process Structuring the process REDD+ projects supported by CCI Tenure assessments FPIC/community understanding of REDD-plus Key challenges Outline

3 National context

4 Sub-national context: KalTeng Palangka Raya Statement (26 November 2008) National REDD workshop (30 June 2009) Creating Low Carbon Prosperity (17 December 2009) Spatial Management Plan-RTRWP (09 January 2010) Provincial CCC (DDPI) (March 2010) Reducing Transaction Costs to Access Carbon Markets (CCI/AusAID) (27-30 April 2010)

5 Deforestation trends: KalTeng

6 5-stage Carbon Development Process Due diligence/screening Feasibility study/Technical Proposal Carbon development inc. METH development Validation (VCS and CCB Standards) Verification, ERPA and Registration

7 Structuring the process Complexities of REDD-plus project design and development Harnessing a broad range of skills through nested partnerships –Government of Indonesia –Local NGO/Foundation or Private Company –National or International project developer –Short-term technical assistance Learning- by-doing Meeting international standards

8 Project proponent: PT Rimba Makmur Utama Total area: 200,000+ hectares State forest designation Production forest: 87.30% Production forest that can be converted: 12.70% Concession: Ecosystem Restoration Permit Threats: Illegal logging, illegal mining, forest conversion, encroachment, forest fires, etc. Wildlife: 6 th largest Orangutan population in the world Avoided Planned Peatland Conversion Methodology-TGC Standards: Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) and Voluntary Carbon Standards (VCS) Priority Hectares %Activities Priority area 1 28, % Fire prevention & mitigation, rehabilitation of poor soil & heavily degraded areas, canal blocking, native species planting Priority area 2 43, % Rehabilitation of degraded areas, canal blocking, restoration and enrichment planting, protection and enforcement Priority area 3 154, % Natural regeneration, protection and enforcement, wildlife habitat management Total 227, % Katingan - KalTeng

9 Lamandau - KalTeng Climate Change Campaign and Information Dissemination REDD Scheme Printed Media inc. News Letter, Calendar, Factsheet and Poster Electronic Media (radio) inc. Adlibs, Loose Spot and Talkshow Community Meeting Sarasehan, Farmer Group Meeting Stakeholder meeting REDD Forum,Seminar and Workshop

10 Rimba Raya - KalTeng Dual Validation Process Baseline and Monitoring Methodology for conservation projects that avoid planned land use conversion in peat swamp forests (Version 5.2, March 2010) Validated by: Rainforest Alliance and Bureau Veritas Cerification

11 Danau Siawan - KalBar METH - ADP modules Land use/land cover classification using RapidEye data 3D peat modelling using SRTM data Fire scar analysis Peat monitoring

12 Tenure assessments 1 Site-specific assessments Clarifying rights to land and trees Signed agreements with Bupatis are not enough Ensure linkages between central and local governments (provincial and district) –Land and the (assumed) rights to carbon –License-issuing procedures

13 Tenure assessments 2 Relationship between adat (customary), ulayat (collective) and statutory rights remains unclear Patterns of (trans-)migration have weakened customary institutions Critical role of local partners Addressing complexity and diversity – applying locally-developed tools e.g. RaTA Protecting rights of access to trees (e.g. jelutung – Dyera costulata)

14 Tenure assessments 3 Options being explored Katingan – IUPHHK-RE (60 years + potential 35 year extension) Lamandau – HPK - convert to HKm (35 years) + jelutung rights Rimba Raya – IUPHHK-RE Danau Siawan – IUPHHK-RE + adat land rights

15 FPIC/community understanding of REDD-plus Critical role of local partners (yayasan) Lack of appropriate training materials ( cf. CCBA/RA/TNC/WWF/CI/GtZ REDD Training and Participant Resource Manuals, April 2009 ) Radio/regular contact to build understanding Moving beyond participation and towards the negotiation of FPIC Engaging communities in all project activities Community forest carbon agreements? Community forestry federations?

16 Key challenges Clarify the GOI enabling environment Address the technical and financial barriers of entry –Simplify procedures –Reduce transaction costs –Shorten project design and validation times Programmatic approach in KalTeng –REDD+ Social & Environmental Standards –LULUCF mapping/capacity building of DK –Review of Green PNPM



19 Case studies Pact, Designing Collaborative REDD Projects: a Case Study from Oddar Meanchey Province, Cambodia CFI/TGC, Communities and Carbon Establishing a Community Forestry REDD Project in Cambodia Katingan Peat Conservation IUPHHK-RE Project (in preparation) Lamandau River Wildlife Reserve HKm Project (in preparation) 5-stage/10-step Carbon Development Process (in preparation)

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