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Bits and Bytes And why we have to care in VB!. All computer storage is organized into bytes Think of each byte as a little storage bin Each byte is made.

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Presentation on theme: "Bits and Bytes And why we have to care in VB!. All computer storage is organized into bytes Think of each byte as a little storage bin Each byte is made."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bits and Bytes And why we have to care in VB!

2 All computer storage is organized into bytes Think of each byte as a little storage bin Each byte is made up of 8 bits Each bit is an electronic circuit that is either on or off (off = 0, on = 1) A specific sequence of 0s and 1s in a byte is called a bit pattern

3 What kinds of information do you store on your computer? numerical values (binary number system) text/character data (ASCII or Unicode) program instructions (machine language) images (jpg, gif, tiff, bmp, wmf, etc.) video (mp4, mov, avi, wmv, etc.) music (mp3, wav, wma, au, etc.)

4 Numerical Values vs Strings (text/characters) 40 Oak St $40

5 40 Oak St is a string It would be stored like this using ASCII codesASCII codes

6 The 40 in $40 needs to be a numerical value for arithmetic The numerical value 40 would be stored like this using the binary number system

7 Compare: 40 vs The text string 40 The numerical value

8 How do binary numbers work? Decimal Number SystemBinary Number System Base 10Base 2 10 digits (0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9)2 digits (0,1) Positional values based on powers of 10Positional values based on powers of 2 Positional Values Binary Number 8-bit binary number

9 Converting from Binary to Decimal Positional Values Binary Number What is the decimal value of the bit pattern ? Simple! Just add up the positional values where the 1s appear: = 106 So, we say that = 106 decimal

10 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Simple! Just think about money and consider positional values as coins and 151 cents as the change we must make. Then count change from largest denomination to smallest until total value of change is accumulated.

11 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number 1 How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: 128

12 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number 10 How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: 128

13 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number 100 How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: 128

14 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number 1001 How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: = 144

15 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: = 144

16 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: = 148

17 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: = 150

18 Converting from Decimal to Binary Positional Values Binary Number How can we represent the decimal value 151 in binary? Running Total: = 151 So, 151 decimal =

19 Compare: 40 vs The text string 40 The numerical value

20 Consider GPA Program Input? Output?

21 Consider GPA Program Input Output

22 Bottom Line All input values provided via text boxes on VB forms are stored as text All output values provided placed in labels on VB forms are stored as text To use values in computations for processing in VB, the values must be numeric HOWEVER

23 Beginning of GPA Program On Screen Behind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa Note: credithrs, qualpts, and gpa are called variables

24 Input Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

25 Input Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

26 Input Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

27 Input Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

28 Input Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes In memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

29 Processing Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

30 Processing Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

31 Output Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

32 Output Phase GPA Program On ScreenBehind the Scenes in Memory (RAM) credithrsTxt qualptsTxt gpaLbl credithrs qualpts gpa

33 Good News is … We dont have to directly handle the nitty- gritty details of converting text to binary for input We dont have to directly handle the nitty- gritty details details of converting binary to text for output Phew!

34 Not So Good News is … We do have to explicitly ask VB to do the conversions when necessary


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